Body Composition Changes During Pregnancy and Effects of Physical Exercise
Published on Jan 1, 2019
· DOI :10.1007/978-3-319-91032-1_4
The study of body composition is a fascinating branch of the biological sciences where research and clinical practice go hand in hand. A strong theoretical background is needed to support the assessment and interpretation of body composition measurements, in order to have an impact and usefulness in the clinical setting. Body composition is a key component of health-related fitness with physical, morphological, and particularly important health-related implications during pregnancy. Pregnancy poses a major challenge for the study of body composition, as several techniques and overall methods and related assumptions are often not applicable, and pregnancy therefore requires specific assessment approaches. In the present chapter, we present a look into body composition fundamentals, how body composition can be assessed during pregnancy and what adaptations should be taken into consideration in the assessment and interpretation of body composition data. In the final section of the present chapter, a focus will be put on the effect of exercise on body composition during pregnancy.