Automated Transformation of Lignin Topologies into Atomic Structures with LigninBuilder
Published on Feb 4, 2019in ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering6.97
· DOI :10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b05665
Lignin is an abundant aromatic heteropolymer found in secondary plant cell walls and is a potential feedstock for conversion into bioderived fuels and chemicals. Lignin chemical diversity complicates traditional structural studies, and so, relatively little experimental evidence exists for how lignin structure exists in aqueous solution or how lignin polymers respond to changes in their chemical environment. Molecular modeling can address these concerns; however, prior computational structural lignin models typically did not capture lignin heterogeneity, as only a few polymers were considered. LigninBuilder creates a framework for building structural libraries for lignin from existing topological libraries, permitting significantly greater diversity of lignin structures to be sampled at atomic detail. As a demonstration of its capabilities, LigninBuilder was applied to three libraries of lignin from hardwood, softwood, and grass, and the resulting polymer structures were simulated in an aqueous environmen...