Surge Resistance Identification of Inland Vessels by Computational Fluid Dynamics

Published on May 1, 2018
· DOI :10.1109/OCEANSKOBE.2018.8559048
Gerben Peeters (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven), Arne Eggers (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)+ 2 AuthorsMaarten Vanierschot9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Inland vessels play a vital role in inland freight transportation, nevertheless, they currently suffer from the competition by road and rail transport. Therefore, augmenting their motion control - with the future possibility of unmanned barges in mind - could increase their competitiveness and induce a paradigm shift in the inland freight transport sector. However, there has been relatively little analysis of the manoeuvring characteristics of small inland vessels or self-propelled barges. Consequently, this study uses Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to identify a single-variable second-order surge resistance model for a typical European Class (CEMT) type I vessel. This identification method applied the OpenFOAM software to solve the Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations by deploying a Volume of Fluid (VOF) approach and a k-omega turbulence model. This CFD methodology was first benchmarked on a KVLCC2 hull of which experimental data are publicly available to validate the CFD results. Afterwards, this validated numerical approach identified the surge model for the inland CEMT I vessel.
  • References (15)
  • Citations (1)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
5 Authors (Jialun Liu, ..., Bingqian Zhao)
8 Citations
1 Citations
2 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Erik Rotteveel (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 2
#2Robert Hekkenberg (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 4
Last. Auke van der Ploeg (Maritime Research Institute Netherlands)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Inland ships continuously operate in restricted waters, where the depth and width are regularly less than twice the ship's draft and four times ship breadth, respectively. In restricted water, the flow around the hull changes compared to that in unrestricted water due to presence of the fairway bottom and sides, that lead to increased return flow, stronger squat effects and changes in the wave pattern produced by the ship. If these changes to the flow are significant, it is worthwhile t...
1 CitationsSource
#1Mingyu KimH-Index: 3
#2Olgun Guven HizirH-Index: 3
Last. Atilla Incecik (University of Strathclyde)H-Index: 19
view all 5 authors...
The prediction of the added resistance and attainable ship speed under actual weather conditions is essential to evaluate the true ship performance in operating conditions and assess environmental impact. In this study, a reliable methodology is proposed to estimate the ship speed loss of the S175 container ship in specific sea conditions of wind and waves. Firstly, the numerical simulations are performed to predict the added resistance and ship motions in regular head and oblique seas using thr...
17 CitationsSource
#1Jialun Liu (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 4
#2Robert Hekkenberg (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 4
Last. Bingqian Zhao (China Classification Society)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
8 CitationsSource
#1Jialun LiuH-Index: 4
Ship manoeuvrability is fundamental for the navigation safety of ships. Furthermore, through the equipment used for manoeuvring, it also affects investment, operation, and maintenance cost of these ships. Ships are primarily designed from an economic point of view. To ensure and improve the maritime efficiency, research on inland vessel manoeuvrability deserves more attention than the present situation. Most of the research on manoeuvrability has been performed for seagoing ships. Since sailing ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Tahsin TezdoganH-Index: 8
#2Atilla IncecikH-Index: 19
Last. Osman TuranH-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
The seakeeping behaviour of a vessel in shallow water differs significantly from its behaviour in deep water. In shallow water, a vessel's motion responses to incident waves will be affected by hydrodynamic effects caused by the presence of a finite depth. Given that a vessel will sail in shallow water at various times during its service life, such as when entering harbours, it is important to have an understanding of the influence of shallow water on ship motions. In this study, using a commerc...
20 CitationsSource
#1Pablo M. Carrica (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 29
#2Alireza Mofidi (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 3
Last. Guillaume DelefortrieH-Index: 9
view all 4 authors...
The KCS container ship on a zigzag maneuver in shallow water is studied experimentally and numerically. The approach conditions are Fr=0.095 and H/T=1.2. Experiments were performed in the shallow water towing tank at Flanders Hydraulics Research for the workshop on verification and validation of ship maneuvering simulation methods (SIMMAN, 2014). CFD simulations were initially performed blind at the nominal rudder rate of 16.8°/s using direct discretization of moving rudder and propeller, includ...
15 CitationsSource
#1Jialun Liu (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 4
#2Robert Hekkenberg (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 4
Last. Hans Hopman (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
Ship manoeuvrability plays a major role in navigation safety. In order to achieve certain manoeuvring requirements, ship configurations need to be specifically considered, which in turn influence the economic performance of shipping. Compared with seagoing ships, inland vessels sail in a more complex navigation environment. At the same time, inland vessels have to operate independently without additional assistance like tugs. This paper presents a review of the state-of-the-art of evaluation and...
7 CitationsSource
#1M. Bonci (UniGe: University of Genoa)H-Index: 1
#2Michele Viviani (UniGe: University of Genoa)H-Index: 12
Last. Giulio Dubbioso (National Research Council)H-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
Abstract In this work a method for estimating parameters of practical ship manoeuvring models based on the combination of RANSE computations and System Identification procedure is investigated, considering as test case a rather slender twin screw and two rudders ship. The approach consists in the estimation of the hydrodynamic coefficients applying System Identification to a set of free running manoeuvres obtained from an in-house unsteady RANS equations solver, which substitute the usually adop...
8 CitationsSource
#1B.J. Guo (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Sverre Steen (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 13
Last. G.B. Deng (École centrale de Nantes)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The present work is devoted to the prediction of added resistance and ship motion of KVLCC2 in head waves. Systematic validation and verification of the numerical computation demonstrate that reliable numerical results can be obtained in calm water as well as in head waves. The numerical results are analyzed in terms of added resistance, ship motions and wake flow. Both free to heave and pitch and fixed model are studied to investigate the contribution to added resistance from ship moti...
37 CitationsSource
#1Thor I. FossenH-Index: 53
1,104 Citations
Cited By1
#1Jialun Liu (WUT: Wuhan University of Technology)
The maneuverability of seagoing ships has been studied extensively, but several factors make it doubtful to directly apply the seagoing ship oriented research to inland vessels. These factors relate to the environmental conditions in which inland vessels operate and the particulars of the vessels. Given the fact that seagoing ships and inland vessels are different, Sect. 5.1 describes the impact factors to be addressed for inland vessel maneuverability and identifies the rudder configuration as ...