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Testing conceptual models of early plant succession across a disturbance gradient

Published on Mar 1, 2019in Journal of Ecology5.687
· DOI :10.1111/1365-2745.13120
Cynthia C. Chang8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UW: University of Washington),
Charles B. Halpern35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UW: University of Washington)
+ 9 AuthorsDonald B. Zobel18
Estimated H-index: 18
(OSU: Oregon State University)
Abstract
  • References (72)
  • Citations (2)
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References72
Newest
#1James E. Cook (UWSP: University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point)H-Index: 3
#2Charles B. Halpern (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 35
We examine patterns of vegetative change in blown-down and scorched forests in the blast zone of Mount St. Helens (USA), 10–26 years after the eruption. We compare trends in community attributes in four post-eruption environments, or site types, defined by severity of disturbance, presence/absence of a protective snowpack at the time of eruption, and seral state (previously clearcut vs. mature/old forests). Permanent plots established in 1980 at 16 sites were sampled at 5- to 6-year intervals be...
3 CitationsSource
#1Inger Elisabeth Måren (University of Bergen)H-Index: 14
#2Jutta KapferH-Index: 10
Last. Vigdis Vandvik (University of Bergen)H-Index: 24
view all 5 authors...
Successional dynamics in plant community assembly may result from both deterministic and stochastic ecological processes. The relative importance of different ecological processes is expected to vary over the successional sequence, between different plant functional groups, and with the disturbance levels and land-use management regimes of the successional systems. We evaluate the relative importance of stochastic and deterministic processes in bryophyte and vascular plant community assembly aft...
14 CitationsSource
#1Donald B. Zobel (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 18
#2Joseph A. Antos (UVic: University of Victoria)H-Index: 30
4 CitationsSource
#1Brian Buma (University of Alaska Southeast)H-Index: 13
#2Sarah Bisbing (California Polytechnic State University)H-Index: 2
Last. Glenn Wright (University of Alaska Southeast)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
Understanding plant community succession is one of the original pursuits of ecology, forming some of the earliest theoretical frameworks in the field. Much of this was built on the long-term research of William S. Cooper, who established a permanent plot network in Glacier Bay, Alaska, in 1916. This study now represents the longest-running primary succession plot network in the world. Permanent plots are useful for their ability to follow mechanistic change through time without assumptions inher...
14 CitationsSource
#1Dylan G. Fischer (The Evergreen State College)H-Index: 16
#2Joseph A. Antos (UVic: University of Victoria)H-Index: 30
Last. Donald B. Zobel (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 18
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Large volcanic eruptions can alter forest plant communities through a variety of mechanisms, including direct destruction of forests and changes to forest soils through tephra (aerially transported volcanic ejecta) deposits. While many studies have examined succession following direct destruction of forests, impacts to plant communities through tephra effects are less obvious, especially where the tephra depth is less than plant height. We used a 33-year experiment in an old growth fore...
4 CitationsSource
#1Lauren M. Hallett (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 16
#2Sydney K. Jones (UNM: University of New Mexico)H-Index: 5
Last. Scott L. Collins (UNM: University of New Mexico)H-Index: 72
view all 9 authors...
Summary New analytical tools applied to long-term data demonstrate that ecological communities are highly dynamic over time. We developed an r package, library(“codyn”), to help ecologists easily implement these metrics and gain broader insights into ecological community dynamics. library(“codyn”) provides temporal diversity indices and community stability metrics. All functions are designed to be easily implemented over multiple replicates. Temporal diversity indices include species turnover, m...
36 CitationsSource
#1Shao-peng Li (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 8
#2Marc W. Cadotte (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 43
Last. Lin Jiang (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 28
view all 6 authors...
Whether plant communities in a given region converge towards a particular stable state during succession has long been debated, but rarely tested at a sufficiently long time scale. By analysing a 50-year continuous study of post-agricultural secondary succession in New Jersey, USA, we show that the extent of community convergence varies with the spatial scale and species abundance classes. At the larger field scale, abundance-based dissimilarities among communities decreased over time, indicatin...
28 CitationsSource
Primary succession is limited by both ecosystem development and plant dispersal, but the extent to which dispersal constrains succession over the long-term is unknown. We compared primary successio ...
6 CitationsSource
#1Karel Prach (CAS: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic)H-Index: 37
#2Lubomír Tichý (Masaryk University)H-Index: 39
Last. Klára ŘehounkováH-Index: 12
view all 12 authors...
Questions(1) Do 17 seres studied proceed towards corresponding potential natural vegetation; (2) what are the similarities between seral and potential natural vegetation, and is it possible to estimate how long it takes to reach potential natural vegetation; and (3) do primary and secondary seres differ? LocationExtracted peatlands, corridors of the former iron curtain, artificial fishpond islands and barriers, sedimentary basins, various spoil heaps after mining, various stone quarries, forest ...
21 CitationsSource
AbstractPremise of research. We sought to determine the role of flowering in recovery of understory herbs from a major disturbance and to determine the effects of plant and environmental factors on flowering patterns.Methodology. We counted flowering and nonflowering shoots in permanent plots eight to 10 times over a 30-year period for all 48 understory herb species in four subalpine old-growth conifer forests that received tephra (aerially transported volcanic ejecta) from the 1980 eruptions of...
5 CitationsSource
Cited By2
Newest
#1Karel Prach (Sewanee: The University of the South)H-Index: 37
#2Lawrence R. Walker (UNLV: University of Nevada, Las Vegas)H-Index: 44
#1Knut RydgrenH-Index: 23
#2Inger AuestadH-Index: 7
Last. Jan Sulavik (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 1
view all 7 authors...
Source
#1Brian Buma (University of Colorado Denver)H-Index: 13
#2Sarah Bisbing (UNR: University of Nevada, Reno)H-Index: 2
Last. Allison L. Bidlack (University of Alaska Southeast)H-Index: 8
view all 4 authors...
Source
#1Cynthia C. Chang (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 8
#2Benjamin L. Turner (STRI: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute)H-Index: 67
Ecological succession – how biological communities re‐assemble and change over time following natural or anthropogenic disturbance – has been studied since the birth of ecology, and the resulting theoretical framework underpins many aspects of the discipline. Recently, the mechanistic basis of classic succession theory has been advanced by studies of plant and microbial interactions, functional traits, and retrogressive stages of ecosystem development. This special issue brings together a series...
3 CitationsSource