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Traditional Literature Review and Research Synthesis

Published on Jan 1, 2018
· DOI :10.1057/978-1-137-59900-1_6
Shaofeng Li16
Estimated H-index: 16
(FSU: Florida State University),
Hong Wang (University of Auckland)
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Abstract
The exponential growth of research and enormity of the body of knowledge that has been accumulated in applied linguistics make the need for quality and reliable synthesis of the available research more pressing than ever. Traditional reviews seek to critique existing research, provide an overview of the research, and/or contextualize a new study. Research syntheses aim at reaching conclusions by means of aggregating the totality of the empirical research that has been carried out on a certain topic. This chapter discusses the procedures and best practices of each of the two approaches and concludes by making a comparison between the two approaches and proposing ways to integrate them.
  • References (18)
  • Citations (1)
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References18
Newest
Published on Oct 1, 2016in Language Testing 1.15
Xun Yan4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
Yukiko Maeda11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Purdue University)
+ 1 AuthorsApril Ginther8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Purdue University)
Elicited imitation (EI) has been widely used to examine second language (L2) proficiency and development and was an especially popular method in the 1970s and early 1980s. However, as the field embraced more communicative approaches to both instruction and assessment, the use of EI diminished, and the construct-related validity of EI scores as a representation of language proficiency was called into question. Current uses of EI, while not discounting the importance of communicative activities an...
Published on Jul 10, 2008
Lawrence A. Machi1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Brenda T. McEvoy1
Estimated H-index: 1
Preface Acknowledgments About the Authors 1. The Literature Review Process: Getting Started The Purpose of a Literature Review The Literature Review Definition The Literature Review Process Inquiry: The Necessary Precondition Pack Wisely Before You Begin Tips Summary Checklist 2. Selecting the Topic: Everyday Interest to Research Interest Introduction: Selecting a Research Topic Step 1: Choosing a Research Interest Exercises Researcher Bias Step 2: Specifying a Research Interest Focusing the Int...
Published on Jul 1, 2015in Applied Linguistics 3.04
Shaofeng Li16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Auckland)
This study reports a meta-analysis that synthesizes the empirical research on the role of language aptitude in second language grammar acquisition. A total of 33 study reports were identified including 17 predictive studies that investigated the correlations between aptitude and ultimate L2 attainment and 16 interactional studies that examined the interface between aptitude and the effectiveness of instructional treatments. These studies generated 309 effect sizes and involved 3,106 L2 learners....
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Studies in Second Language Acquisition 2.60
Luke D Plonsky19
Estimated H-index: 19
(NAU: Northern Arizona University)
This study assesses research and reporting practices in quantitative second language (L2) research. A sample of 606 primary studies, published from 1990 to 2010 in Language Learning and Studies in Second Language Acquisition, was collected and coded for designs, statistical analyses, reporting practices, and outcomes (i.e., effect sizes). The results point to several systematic strengths as well as many flaws, such as a lack of control in experimental designs, incomplete and inconsistent reporti...
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Studies in Second Language Acquisition 2.60
Luke D Plonsky19
Estimated H-index: 19
(NAU: Northern Arizona University)
This study assesses research and reporting practices in quantitative second language (L2) research. A sample of 606 primary studies, published from 1990 to 2010 in Language Learning and Studies in Second Language Acquisition , was collected and coded for designs, statistical analyses, reporting practices, and outcomes (i.e., effect sizes). The results point to several systematic strengths as well as many flaws, such as a lack of control in experimental designs, incomplete and inconsistent report...
Published on Mar 1, 2012in Review of Educational Research 8.98
L. Quentin Dixon10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Jing Zhao5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 5 AuthorsCatherine E. Snow61
Estimated H-index: 61
Educational policies that impact second language (L2) learners—a rapidly-growing group—are often enacted without consulting relevant research. This review synthesized research regarding optimal conditions for L2 acquisition, facilitative L2 learner and teacher characteristics, and speed of L2 acquisition, from four bodies of work—foreign language education, child language research, sociocultural studies, and psycholinguistics—often overlooked by educators. Seventy-one peer-reviewed journal artic...
Published on Jan 1, 2012
Shaofeng Li16
Estimated H-index: 16
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University),
R Shintani1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Roderick Ellis5
Estimated H-index: 5
Meta-analysis is a statistical method used to synthesize the cumulative effect of an interventional treatment or a certain relationship that has been subjected to empirical investigation.Notwithstanding the increasing popularity of meta-analysis in second language acquisition(SLA)research,there is considerable methodological inconsistency in the 22SLA meta-analyses published to date.Also,given the highly technical nature of some aspects of this statistical procedure and the specialized knowledge...
Published on Sep 29, 2011
Denise E. Bronson1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Tamara S. Davis1
Estimated H-index: 1
1. Systematic Reviews, Evidence-based Practice, and Social Work 2. Asking the Right Questions, Preparing a Protocol, and Finding the Relevant Research 3. Critically Appraising the Quality and Credibility of Quantitative Research for Systematic Reviews 4. The Art and Science of Managing and Summarizing the Available Research 5. Systematic Reviews of Qualitative Research 6. Assessing the Quality of Systematic Reviews Glossary References Index
Published on Jul 12, 2011
Geoff Cumming30
Estimated H-index: 30
Preface. About this Book 1. Introduction to The New Statistics 2. From Null Hypothesis Significance Testing to Effect Sizes 3. Confidence Intervals 4. Confidence Intervals, Error Bars, and p Values 5. Replication 6. Two Simple Designs 7. Meta-Analysis 1: Introduction and Forest Plots 8. Meta-Analysis 2: Models 9. Meta-Analysis 3: Large-Scale Analyses 10. The Noncentral t Distribution 11. Cohen's d 12. Power 13. Precision for Planning 14. Correlations, Proportions, and Further Effect Size Measure...
Published on Jun 1, 2011in Language Learning 2.00
Luke D Plonsky19
Estimated H-index: 19
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Susan M. Gass47
Estimated H-index: 47
(MSU: Michigan State University)
This article constitutes the first empirical assessment of methodological quality in second language acquisition (SLA). We surveyed a corpus of 174 studies (N = 7,951) within the tradition of research on second-language interaction, one of the longest and most influential traditions of inquiry in SLA. Each report was coded for methodological features, statistical analyses, and reporting practices associated with research quality, and the resulting data were examined both cumulatively and over ti...
Cited By1
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Published on Jun 1, 2019in System 1.93
Shaofeng Li16
Estimated H-index: 16
(FSU: Florida State University),
Alyssa Vuono (FSU: Florida State University)
Abstract This article provides a comprehensive and critical review of the research on various aspects of oral and written corrective feedback (CF) based on selected articles published in System over the past 25 years. The review starts with a comparison between oral and written CF, demonstrating that despite the discrepancies in the characteristics and pedagogical practices of the two types of CF, they have been examined from similar perspectives in the research. The striking similarity in the r...