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User behaviors and network characteristics of US research universities on an academic social networking site

Published on Nov 15, 2018in Higher Education 3.00
· DOI :10.1007/s10734-018-0339-x
Weiwei Yan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WHU: Wuhan University),
Yin Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(KSU: Kent State University)
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Abstract
Academic social networking sites are important communication tools commonly used by scholars. In order to obtain an understanding of how scholars at US higher education institutions utilize these sites, this study took ResearchGate (RG) as an example and collected data from 168,059 users from 61 US higher education institutions at three research activity levels as defined by the Carnegie Classification. A hierarchical cluster analysis was conducted, and four clusters of institutions with different behavior patterns were observed. The results indicate that US higher education institutions play different roles based on their academic influence in the network and demonstrate distinct behaviors in overall participation, information seeking, and information sharing. Users from universities of higher academic influence exhibited a preponderance for presentation behavior and were popular in the network, while scholars at moderate research-level institutions were active in seeking behavior as well as self-improvement. However, those at lower levels were comparatively inactive. The hierarchical clustering result also suggests that user behavior on this academic social networking site reflects the academic research activity level and level of academic influence accurately and effectively. These findings show a positive correlation between levels of scholarly output and utilization of academic social networking sites. This study also contributes to the ongoing efforts in understanding the scholarly use of academic social networking sites, and to the debate on whether associated alternative metrics (altmetrics) serve as supplementary evaluation measures of scholarship in higher education. The practical implications of the study are also discussed.
  • References (94)
  • Citations (1)
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References94
Newest
Published on Aug 1, 2018in Higher Education 3.00
Lise Degn5
Estimated H-index: 5
(AU: Aarhus University),
Thomas Franssen4
Estimated H-index: 4
(LEI: Leiden University)
+ 1 AuthorsSarah de Rijcke9
Estimated H-index: 9
(LEI: Leiden University)
The aim of this paper is to investigate the organization of research in high-performing research groups in an age of increasing competition and pressure from outside and within higher-education institutions. To explore how researchers navigate such pressures and demands, the practice and perceptions of four high-performing research groups in Denmark and the Netherlands are examined, and the extent to which these groups can be understood as “communities of practice” or if they are displaying “tea...
Published on Apr 1, 2018in Higher Education 3.00
Jelena Brankovic4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Bielefeld University)
The article uses the concept of organisational status to explore how universities respond to intensifying competition. Although status is not a novel phenomenon in higher education, recent insights show that the concerns with vertical positioning, both nationally and internationally, are gaining prominence with a growing number of universities worldwide. As global competition becomes as fierce as ever, universities’ efforts to maintain or advance their position vis-a-vis each other are becoming ...
Published on Oct 1, 2017in Computers in Human Behavior 4.31
Tsuang Kuo8
Estimated H-index: 8
(NSYSU: National Sun Yat-sen University),
Gwo Yang Tsai2
Estimated H-index: 2
(NSYSU: National Sun Yat-sen University)
+ 1 AuthorsWadee Alhalabi9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Effat University)
Abstract Social networking for academic exchanges, such as through sites like Researchgate.net, is gaining popularity among academics. This site offers many metrics (e.g. RG score and RG impact points) which have the potential to become universal research performance metrics. This paper presents an empirical survey of the top 150 researchers’ grants and their RG scores among 126 colleges of management in Taiwan. Our results show a strong correlation between the research grants and RG scores if t...
Published on Oct 1, 2017in Internet and Higher Education 5.28
Torrey Trust7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst),
Jeffrey P. Carpenter10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Elon University),
Daniel G. Krutka8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UNT: University of North Texas)
Abstract Many faculty and staff in higher education have turned to digitally-enhanced professional learning networks (PLNs) as a means for situated learning that can help them grow in their various professional responsibilities. However, there is scant research on what these PLNs mean to the professional lives of higher educators. We report findings of a qualitative study that investigated participants' perspectives on their PLN experiences through analysis of survey data from 151 higher educati...
Cassidy R. Sugimoto27
Estimated H-index: 27
,
Sam Work1
Estimated H-index: 1
('ENS Paris': École Normale Supérieure)
+ 1 AuthorsStefanie Haustein19
Estimated H-index: 19
('ENS Paris': École Normale Supérieure)
Social media has become integrated into the fabric of the scholarly communication system in fundamental ways, principally through scholarly use of social media platforms and the promotion of new indicators on the basis of interactions with these platforms. Research and scholarship in this area has accelerated since the coining and subsequent advocacy for altmetrics—that is, research indicators based on social media activity. This review provides an extensive account of the state-of-the art in bo...
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Higher Education 3.00
Julie Bouchard2
Estimated H-index: 2
Before the 2000s and the buzz surrounding global rankings, many countries witnessed the emergence and development, starting in the 1970s, of academic media rankings produced primarily by press organisations. This domestic, media-based production, despite the relative lack of attention paid by the social sciences, has been progressively integrated into the functioning of higher education institutions. Examining the emergence and production of academic media rankings in two French magazines betwee...
Published on Apr 1, 2017in Internet and Higher Education 5.28
Natasa Lackovic3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Lancaster University),
Roger Kerry11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Nottingham)
+ 1 AuthorsTony Lowe3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Nottingham)
Further conceptualisations are needed that consider students' actual engagement with and perceptions of Twitter for learning. To address this gap, an optional Twitter learning activity was created for a UK-based cohort of Year 1 Physiotherapy students. However, students did not contribute in this medium. Forty-three participating students were surveyed, and two focus groups held. These methods explored: 1) the frequency of student self-initiated use of social media, focusing on Twitter, 2) stude...
Published on Feb 1, 2017in Journal of Informetrics 3.88
Alberto Martín-Martín8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UGR: University of Granada),
Enrique Orduña-Malea11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Polytechnic University of Valencia)
+ 1 AuthorsEmilio Delgado López-Cózar19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UGR: University of Granada)
The main objective of this paper is to empirically test whether the identification of highly-cited documents through Google Scholar is feasible and reliable. To this end, we carried out a longitudinal analysis (1950–2013), running a generic query (filtered only by year of publication) to minimise the effects of academic search engine optimisation. This gave us a final sample of 64,000 documents (1000 per year). The strong correlation between a document’s citations and its position in the search ...
Published on Dec 1, 2016in PLOS ONE 2.78
Feng Xia30
Estimated H-index: 30
(DUT: Dalian University of Technology),
Xiaoyan Su2
Estimated H-index: 2
(DUT: Dalian University of Technology)
+ 3 AuthorsIvan Lee14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UniSA: University of South Australia)
This paper presents a bibliographic analysis of Nature articles based on altmetrics. We assess the concern degree of social users on the Nature articles through the coverage analysis of Twitter and Facebook by publication year and discipline. The social media impact of a Nature article is examined by evaluating the mention rates on Twitter and on Facebook. Moreover, the correlation between tweets and citations is analyzed by publication year, discipline and Twitter user type to explore factors a...
Cited By1
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Published on May 1, 2019in British Journal of Educational Technology 2.59
Christine Greenhow18
Estimated H-index: 18
,
Benjamin Gleason4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 0 AuthorsK. Bret Staudt Willet1
Estimated H-index: 1
This conceptual exploration revisits a key question from earlier work (Greenhow & Gleason, 2014): What is scholarship reconsidered in the age of social media? Social scholarship is a framework that expanded Boyers' (1990) conceptualization of scholarship to consider how social media affect discovery and research, teaching and learning, integration, and application. This paper critically reflects on how social scholarship continues to evolve in light of changing understandings in the field of edu...