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Force-Velocity-Power Profiling During Weighted-Vest Sprinting in Soccer

Published on Jul 1, 2019in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance3.979
· DOI :10.1123/ijspp.2018-0490
Jorge Carlos-Vivas3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Elena Marín-Cascales4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 2 AuthorsPedro Emilio Alcaraz Ramón12
Estimated H-index: 12
Abstract
Purpose: To describe the load–velocity relationship and the effects of increasing loads on spatiotemporal and derived kinetic variables of sprinting using weighted vests (WV) in soccer players and ...
  • References (27)
  • Citations (1)
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References27
Newest
PurposeWe sought to ascertain whether force-velocity-power relationships could be compiled from a battery of sled-resisted over-ground sprints, and to clarify and compare the optimal loading conditions for maximising power production for different athlete cohorts. MethodsRecreational mixed-sport athletes (n=12) and sprinters (n=15) performed multiple trials of maximal sprints unloaded and towing a selection of sled masses (20-120% body-mass). Velocity data were collected by sports radar, and kin...
22 CitationsSource
#1Pierre SamozinoH-Index: 28
#2Giuseppe Rabita (INSEP)H-Index: 12
Last. Jean-Benoit Morin (University of Nice Sophia Antipolis)H-Index: 30
view all 7 authors...
This study aimed to validate a simple field method for determining force– and power–velocity relationships and mechanical effectiveness of force application during sprint running. The proposed method, based on an inverse dynamic approach applied to the body center of mass, estimates the step-averaged ground reaction forces in runner's sagittal plane of motion during overground sprint acceleration from only anthropometric and spatio-temporal data. Force– and power–velocity relationships, the asso...
77 CitationsSource
Recent studies have brought new insights into the evaluation of power-force-velocity profiles in both ballistic push-offs (eg, jumps) and sprint movements. These are major physical components of performance in many sports, and the methods the authors developed and validated are based on data that are now rather simple to obtain in field conditions (eg, body mass, jump height, sprint times, or velocity). The promising aspect of these approaches is that they allow for more individualized and accur...
65 CitationsSource
Purpose: To examine the effects of a novel isoinertial eccentric-overload and vibration training (EVT) paradigm on change-ofdirection (COD) speed and multiple performance tests applicable to soccer. Methods: Twenty-four young male players were assigned to an EVT (n = 12) or conventional combined (CONV, n = 12) group, once weekly for 11 wk. EVT consisted of 2 sets of 6–10 repetitions in 5 specific and 3 complementary exercises. CONV used comparable volume (2 sets of 6–10 reps in 3 sequences of 3 ...
26 CitationsSource
The effects of vest loading on sprint kinetics and kinematics during the acceleration and maximum velocity phases of sprinting are relatively unknown. A repeated measures analysis of variance with post hoc contrasts was used to determine whether performing 6-second maximal exertion sprints on a nonmotorized force treadmill, under 2 weighted vest loading conditions (9 and 18 kg) and an unloaded baseline condition, affected the sprint mechanics of 13 males from varying sporting backgrounds. Neithe...
19 CitationsSource
Purpose: This study describes the physical match demands relative to positional group in male rugby sevens. Methods: Ten highly trained players were investigated during competitive matches (N = 23) using GPS technology, heart rate (HR), and video recording. Results: The relative distance covered by the players throughout the match was 102.3 ± 9.8 m/min. As a percentage of total distance, 35.8% (36.6 ± 5.9 m/min) was covered walking, 26.0% (26.6 ± 5.5 m/min) jogging, 10.0% (10.2 ± 2.4 m/min) runn...
34 CitationsSource
SUMMARYTHE ABILITY TO EXPRESS HIGH POWER OUTPUTS IS CONSIDERED TO BE ONE OF THE FOUNDATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS UNDERLYING SUCCESSFUL PERFORMANCE IN A VARIETY OF SPORTING ACTIVITIES, INCLUDING JUMPING, THROWING, AND CHANGING DIRECTION. NUMEROUS TRAINING INTERVENTIONS HAVE BEEN RECOMMENDED TO ENHANCE TH
79 CitationsSource
Variations in rates of growth and development in young football players can influence relationships among various fitness qualities. Purpose: To investigate the relationships between repeated-sprint ability and other fundamental fitness qualities of acceleration, agility, explosive leg power, and aerobic conditioning through the age groups of U1 1 to U18 in highly trained junior football players. Methods: Male players (n = 119) across the age groups completed a fitness assessment battery over tw...
31 CitationsSource
#1Prue CormieH-Index: 33
#2Michael R. McGuiganH-Index: 42
Last. Robert U. NewtonH-Index: 95
view all 3 authors...
This series of reviews focuses on the most important neuromuscular function in many sport performances: the ability to generate maximal muscular power. Part 1, published in an earlier issue of Sports Medicine, focused on the factors that affect maximal power production while part 2 explores the practical application of these findings by reviewing the scientific literature relevant to the development of training programmes that most effectively enhance maximal power production. The ability to gen...
216 CitationsSource
The purpose of this study was to determine the longitudinal effects of weighted sled (WS) and weighted vest (WV) sprint training on maximum velocity sprint performance and kinematics. Twenty male collegiate lacrosse players were randomly assigned to a WS group (n = 7) towing 10% body mass, a WV group (n = 6) loaded with 18.5% body mass, or an unresisted (UR) active control group (n = 7). All subjects completed 13 training sessions over 7 weeks. Pre- and post-test measures of sprint time and aver...
53 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
#1Paul Macadam (AUT: Auckland University of Technology)H-Index: 4
#2John B. Cronin (AUT: Auckland University of Technology)H-Index: 35
Last. Erin H. Feser (AUT: Auckland University of Technology)H-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
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