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Decomposing inequality in research funding by university-institute sub-group: A three-stage nested Theil index

Published on Nov 1, 2018in Journal of Informetrics 3.48
· DOI :10.1016/j.joi.2018.10.007
Dengsheng Wu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences), Lili Yuan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 1 AuthorsJianping Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract
Abstract The inequality in research funding is an important issue, in which the measurement of inequality is the basis. The literature has mostly investigated the inequality in research funding by providing overall values of inequality but has rarely explored this topic through the internal structure of the overall inequality. In this paper, a three-stage nested Theil index is employed to decompose the overall inequality in research funding into the between and within components. Moreover, a decomposition framework of university-institute sub-group is constructed to investigate the inherent structure of overall inequality in research funding. The data from the National Natural Science Foundation of China between 2013 and 2017 at the individual researcher level are collected as empirical data. The empirical results indicate that the overall Theil index of research funding in China is 1.97 (equal to 0.87 in the Gini index), a value higher than in the United States but lower than in Japan. The decomposition results regarding the inequality in research funding indicate that the inequality within institutions dominates and contributes 80.0% of the overall inequality. Moreover, ‘Universities’ contributes more than ‘Institutes’ to the inequality, and the ‘World-class universities’ contributes the most among the six groups of the Within-B component.
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Published on Nov 1, 2018in Journal of Informetrics 3.48
Zhifeng Yin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CUFE: Central University of Finance and Economics),
Zheng Liang1
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Yanni Hao1
Estimated H-index: 1
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Estimated H-index: 10
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Hong Fang5
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Paredes, D., Iturra, V. and Lufin, M. A spatial decomposition of income inequality in Chile, Regional Studies. Previous literature identifies the high and persistent income inequality of Chile, but the geographic heterogeneity of the inequality is still unexplored. This lack of discussion encourages spatially blind policy that ignores the interaction between individual and spatial inequality. To evaluate its magnitude, a spatial decomposition at the regional, provincial and county levels is prop...
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Estimated H-index: 2
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Tianguang Meng5
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Estimated H-index: 10
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Seeking research funding is an essential part of academic life. Funded projects are primarily collaborative in nature through internal and external partnerships, but what role does funding play in the formulation of these partnerships? Here, by examining over 43,000 scientific projects funded over the past three decades by one of the major government research agencies in the world, we characterize how the funding landscape has changed and its impacts on the underlying collaboration networks acro...
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