Integrating strategies from three predominant theories regarding romantic partner support of weight loss

Published on Oct 1, 2019in Journal of Social and Personal Relationships1.678
· DOI :10.1177/0265407518810528
René M. Dailey17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Texas at Austin)
Three theories are predominantly used to assess romantic partner support of individuals’ weight loss: self-determination, social control, and confirmation. Because all theories highlight partner strategies as a primary theoretical element and involve strategies that appear to overlap, the current study sought to create an overarching measure of partner support strategies. Study 1 assessed the items from scales across all three theories, and three overarching strategies emerged: encouragement (e.g., reassurances, understanding, praises), instrumental influence (e.g., requests, reminders, modeling), and coercion (e.g., affection withdrawal, judgment). Study 2 assessed the measurement, predictive, and concurrent validity of this three-strategy scale. Results suggested the three overarching strategies and their combinations explained more variance in weight management variables than the strategies of the individual theories. The goal of this research is not to critique the individual theories or measures but ...
  • References (46)
  • Citations (0)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
11 Citations
4 Citations
2 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
For individuals losing weight who are cohabiting with their romantic partners, weight loss is pursued within a relational context. To better understand the role of romantic partners, 44 individuals from a Southwestern city in the U.S. who were actively trying to lose weight were interviewed about the current and desired role of their partner in their weight loss. Responses were transcribed and qualitatively analyzed. Themes specifically pertinent to the romantic relationship that facilitated or ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Tricia J. Burke (Texas State University)H-Index: 8
#2Chris G Segrin (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 39
The social control framework and multiple goals perspective were used to investigate couples’ (N = 192) diet- and exercise-related social control communication. Actor-Partner Interdependence Models (APIMs) were used to examine couples’ use of positive and negative social control in association with (a) their specific motives for using social control and (b) constraints against using social control. In line with a multiple goals framework, partners employ different social control strategies as a ...
8 CitationsSource
#1René M. Dailey (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 17
#2Brittani Crook (University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston)H-Index: 9
Last. Addie Anderson Winslow (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACTSocial support research suggests romantic partners could play a vital role in the success of individuals’ weight management (WM) efforts, but contradictory findings from previous research have impeded our understanding of how romantic partners influence weight management goal attainment. Employing a confirmation perspective, overweight participants (body mass index [BMI] greater than 25) who were actively trying to manage their weight (N = 53) were asked to respond to daily questionnaire...
9 CitationsSource
#1Richard Koestner (McGill University)H-Index: 49
#2Theodore A. Powers (UMassD: University of Massachusetts Dartmouth)H-Index: 14
Last. Nora Hope (McGill University)H-Index: 9
view all 5 authors...
Two prospective studies examined the relations of autonomy support and directive support to goal internalization and goal persistence over a year. Study 1 examined the role of support and internalization in semester-long goals set by college students and whether the goals were reset in the following semester. Study 2 examined semester-long goals and long-term developmental goals. Study 1 showed that autonomy support was not only significantly associated with greater internalization and goal succ...
24 CitationsSource
#1Emily B. Craddock (NAU: Northern Arizona University)H-Index: 3
#2Michelle R. vanDellen (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 14
Last. Krista W. Ranby (University of Colorado Denver)H-Index: 14
view all 4 authors...
People in close relationships influence the health behavior of their significant others. Recent research has explored one form of influence—social control—and produced results that suggest varying relationships between social control, health outcomes, and psychological well-being. For the present article, we conducted a meta-analysis to compare three predominant models of social control. We observed that measures of social control that distinguish between positive and negative forms of social co...
33 CitationsSource
MTurk workers completed several forms of the same self-report scale.Generally, score reliability was lower for MTurk workers than the normative sample.Survey length and payment did not affect reliability.However, more reliable scores were provided when workers verified attentiveness. Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) provides researchers with access to a diverse set of people who can serve as research participants, making the process of data collection a streamlined and cost-effective one. While ...
111 CitationsSource
#1Christine Logel (UW: University of Waterloo)H-Index: 13
#2Danu Anthony Stinson (UVic: University of Victoria)H-Index: 10
Last. Jessica J. Cameron (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 12
view all 6 authors...
This research examines whether acceptance messages from close others about one's weight predict changes in stressful weight concern and body mass index (BMI) over time. Participants reported weight concern and BMI in three waves of data collection spanning approximately 9 months, and reported the messages they received from parents, friends, and romantic partners concerning their weight in the second wave of data collection. Participants normatively gained weight during the study period. But for...
6 CitationsSource
#1Tricia J. Burke (Texas State University)H-Index: 8
#2Chris G Segrin (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 39
This study examined the association between diet- and exercise-related social influence and support among romantic partners, as well as whether these variables were associated with their health behaviors. An Actor-Partner Mediator Model was used to examine these associations at the couple level (n = 192). Results indicated that individuals who felt their partners used more positive influence strategies also reported feeling more supported by their partners. Further, men who reported feeling more...
17 CitationsSource
#1Johan Y. Y. Ng (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 10
#2Nikos Ntoumanis (University of Birmingham)H-Index: 56
Last. Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani (University of Birmingham)H-Index: 22
view all 3 authors...
Objectives Drawing from self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2002, Overview of self-determination theory: An organismic-dialectical perspective. In E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan (Eds.), Handbook of self-determination research (pp. 3–33). Rochester, NY: The University of Rochester Press.), we examined how individuals' psychological needs, motivation, and behaviours (i.e., physical activity and eating) associated with weight management could be predicted by perceptions of their important others' supp...
27 CitationsSource
#1Amy A. Gorin (UConn: University of Connecticut)H-Index: 31
#2Theodore A. Powers (UMassD: University of Massachusetts Dartmouth)H-Index: 14
Last. Hollie A. Raynor (UT: University of Tennessee)H-Index: 40
view all 5 authors...
Objective:Social support is believed to contribute to weight loss success, yet the type of support received is rarely assessed. To develop more effective weight loss interventions, examinations of the types of support that are associated with positive outcomes are needed. Self-Determination Theory suggests that support for an individual’s autonomy is beneficial and facilitates internalization of autonomous selfregulation. We examined whether autonomy support and directive forms of support were a...
40 CitationsSource
Cited By0