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Affordances, experimentation and actualization of FinTech: A blockchain implementation study

Published on Mar 1, 2019in Journal of Strategic Information Systems 4.00
· DOI :10.1016/j.jsis.2018.10.002
Wenyu Du2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Beihang University),
Wenyu Derek Du1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Beihang University)
+ 1 AuthorsWenchi Ying1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Beihang University)
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Abstract
Abstract Blockchain, the technology underlying bitcoin, is an emerging financial technology (FinTech) that is poised to have strategic impacts on organizations. Because it is a new phenomenon, there are few studies on blockchain, and those studies have focused mainly on the technology’s potential impacts, whereas how to effectively implement it in an organization remains unknown. Our study intends to fill that gap. Using affordance-actualization (A-A) theory as the theoretical lens, we conducted a case study of blockchain implementation in an organization that has effectively implemented it. We identify three affordances of blockchain in the organization and a process model whereby these affordances are actualized. The process model extends A-A theory by adding an experimentation phase where blockchain’s use cases within the organization are identified, developed and tested through conceptual adaptation and constraint mitigation. Our study makes important theoretical contributions to the literature on A-A theory, blockchain, information technology (IT) implementation, and strategic information systems (SIS). Our study can also help IT practitioners to implement blockchain effectively and extract value from their investment.
  • References (61)
  • Citations (1)
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References61
Newest
Published on Jun 1, 2018in Journal of Strategic Information Systems 4.00
Dorothy E. Leidner34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Baylor University),
Ester Gonzalez7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CSUF: California State University, Fullerton),
Hope Koch10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Baylor University)
Abstract In response to the challenge of socializing new IT employees, some IT departments are exploring the incorporation of enterprise social media (hereinafter ESM) as an informal organizational socialization tool. Because this is a relatively new phenomenon, little is known about how ESM facilitate employee socialization. In order to contribute to our understanding of how ESM affects employee socialization, this paper invokes a case study to explore how one organization’s implementation of a...
Published on Apr 1, 2018in International Journal of Information Management 5.06
Nir Kshetri28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro)
Abstract Arrival of blockchain is set to transform supply chain activities. Scholars have barely begun to systematically assess the effects of blockchain on various organizational activities. This paper examines how blockchain is likely to affect key supply chain management objectives such as cost, quality, speed, dependability, risk reduction, sustainability and flexibility. We present early evidence linking the use of blockchain in supply chain activities to increase transparency and accountab...
Published on Mar 1, 2018in Journal of Strategic Information Systems 4.00
Maryam Ghasemaghaei5
Estimated H-index: 5
(McMaster University),
Sepideh Ebrahimi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(McMaster University),
Khaled Hassanein18
Estimated H-index: 18
(McMaster University)
The concept of Data Analytics (DA) competency has been conceptualized and validated.The impact of DA competency on decision making performance is empirically examined.All dimensions of DA competency significantly improve decision quality.All dimensions, except bigness of data, significantly increase decision efficiency. This study develops and validates the concept of Data Analytics Competency as a five multidimensional formative index (i.e., data quality, bigness of data, analytical skills, dom...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Information Systems Journal 3.29
Yenni Tim5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UNSW: University of New South Wales),
Shan Ling Pan35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UNSW: University of New South Wales)
+ 1 AuthorsAli Fauzi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Information Technology University)
The immense environmental challenges facing society today have necessitated a research effort toward exploring digitally enabled solutions for environmental problems. Only limited research exists today to inform our understanding on how technology could assist groups of individuals in cultivating collective commitment and engaging in actions for environmental sustainability. By presenting an in-depth case study of a social media-enabled grassroots environmental movement in rural Malaysia, this p...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Management Information Systems Quarterly 4.37
Emmanuelle Vaast19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Desautels Faculty of Management),
Hani Safadi4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UGA: University of Georgia)
+ 1 AuthorsBogdan Negoita2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Warw.: University of Warwick)
This research questions how social media use affords new forms of organizing and collective engagement. The concept of connective action has been introduced to characterize such new forms of collective engagement in which actors coproduce and circulate content based upon an issue of mutual interest. Yet, how the use of social media actually affords connective action still needed to be investigated. Mixed methods analyses of microblogging use during the Gulf of Mexico oil spill bring insights ont...
Published on Dec 1, 2017 in WI (Web Intelligence)
Benedikt Notheisen3
Estimated H-index: 3
(KIT: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology),
Jacob B. Cholewa2
Estimated H-index: 2
(ITU: IT University of Copenhagen),
Arun Prasad Shanmugam1
Estimated H-index: 1
(ITU: IT University of Copenhagen)
Abstract Since its introduction in 2008, blockchain technology has outgrown its use in cryptocurrencies and is now preparing to revolutionize a multitude of commercial applications including value and supply chains, business models, and market structures. This work follows design science research to guide the implementation of a blockchain-based proof-of-concept prototype that enables the automated transaction of real-world assets, such as cars, and provides a valid, transparent, and immutable r...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in International Journal of Information Management 5.06
Ning Zhou2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Beihang University),
Sixuan Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Beihang University)
+ 1 AuthorsXiaoting Han1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Beihang University)
Abstract This case analysis considers how digital disruption is reaching beyond technology to engulf traditionally considered low-tech industries and influence conventionally viewed non-digital businesses. For incumbent firms in these low-tech industries, the disruption brings not only plenty of opportunities but also numerous threats. Firms that quickly embrace the digital era by profoundly changing their incumbent strategies, systems, operational habits, and business models have great chances ...
Published on Dec 1, 2017 in WI (Web Intelligence)
Roman Beck17
Estimated H-index: 17
(ITU: IT University of Copenhagen),
Michel Avital18
Estimated H-index: 18
(CBS: Copenhagen Business School)
+ 1 AuthorsJason Bennett Thatcher29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Clemson University)
Published on Dec 1, 2017 in WI (Web Intelligence)
Marten Risius5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Clemson University),
Kai Spohrer6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UMA: University of Mannheim)
Abstract While blockchain technology is commonly considered potentially disruptive in various regards, there is a lack of understanding where and how blockchain technology is effectively applicable and where it has mentionable practical effects. This issue has given rise to critical voices that judge the technology as over-hyped. Against this backdrop, this study adapts an established research framework to structure the insights of the current body of research on blockchain technology, outline t...
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Journal of Strategic Information Systems 4.00
Wendy Arianne Günther1
Estimated H-index: 1
(VU: VU University Amsterdam),
Mohammad Hosein Rezazade Mehrizi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(VU: VU University Amsterdam)
+ 1 AuthorsFrans Feldberg13
Estimated H-index: 13
(VU: VU University Amsterdam)
Abstract Big data has been considered to be a breakthrough technological development over recent years. Notwithstanding, we have as yet limited understanding of how organizations translate its potential into actual social and economic value. We conduct an in-depth systematic review of IS literature on the topic and identify six debates central to how organizations realize value from big data, at different levels of analysis. Based on this review, we identify two socio-technical features of big d...
Cited By1
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Published on Mar 7, 2019in Symmetry 2.14
Along with the development of Fintech, many scholars have studied how information technology is applied to financial services with a focus on extended methods for application. Few scholars have studied the influence mechanism behind the adoption of Fintech services. This paper proposes an improved technology acceptance model (TAM) that incorporates user innovativeness, government support, brand image, and perceived risk as determinants of trust to investigate how users adopt Fintech services. We...