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Towards augmented reality manuals for industry 4.0: A methodology

Published on Apr 1, 2019in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
· DOI :10.1016/j.rcim.2018.10.001
Michele Gattullo7
Estimated H-index: 7
(IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional),
Giulia Wally Scurati3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Polytechnic University of Milan)
+ 3 AuthorsMonica Bordegoni16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Polytechnic University of Milan)
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Abstract
Abstract Augmented Reality (AR), is one of the most promising technology for technical manuals in the context of Industry 4.0. However, the implementation of AR documentation in industry is still challenging because specific standards and guidelines are missing. In this work, we propose a novel methodology for the conversion of existing “traditional” documentation, and for the authoring of new manuals in AR in compliance to Industry 4.0 principles. The methodology is based on the optimization of text usage with the ASD Simplified Technical English, the conversion of text instructions into 2D graphic symbols, and the structuring of the content through the combination of Darwin Information Typing Architecture (DITA) and Information Mapping (IM). We tested the proposed approach with a case study of a maintenance manual of hydraulic breakers. We validated it with a user test collecting subjective feedbacks of 22 users. The results of this experiment confirm that the manual obtained using our methodology is clearer than other templates.
  • References (36)
  • Citations (4)
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References36
Newest
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
Margherita Peruzzini9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Modena and Reggio Emilia),
Marcello Pellicciari13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Modena and Reggio Emilia),
Michele Gadaleta3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)
Abstract Manufacturing ergonomics refers to the application of ergonomic principles and human factors analysis to the design of manufacturing tasks with the final aim to optimize the workers’ wellbeing and guarantee the expected process performance. Traditional design approaches are based on the observation of individual workers performing their jobs, the detection of unnatural postures (e.g., bending, twisting, overextending, rotating), and the definition of late corrective actions according to...
Published on Jun 1, 2018in Computers in Industry4.77
Giulia Wally Scurati3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Polytechnic University of Milan),
Michele Gattullo7
Estimated H-index: 7
(IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)
+ 3 AuthorsAntonio E. Uva13
Estimated H-index: 13
(IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)
Abstract The evolution of technical documentation in the age of Industry 4.0 is going towards the use of visual manuals, in particular exploiting Augmented Reality (AR) technology. Traditional manuals are rich of text instructions that in AR applications are not advisable. In fact text occludes the real scene behind and it is an issue for the translation. For this reason, we propose to create and adopt a controlled and exhaustive vocabulary of graphical symbols, to be used in AR to represent mai...
Published on Apr 1, 2018in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
Elias Matsas4
Estimated H-index: 4
(NTUA: National Technical University of Athens),
George-Christopher Vosniakos16
Estimated H-index: 16
(NTUA: National Technical University of Athens),
Dimitris Batras1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) has emerged in recent years as a need for common collaborative execution of manufacturing tasks. This work examines two types of techniques of safe collaboration that do not interrupt the flow of collaboration as far as possible, namely proactive and adaptive. The former are materialised using audio and visual cognitive aids, which the user receives as dynamic stimuli in real time during collaboration, and are aimed at information enrichment of the latter. ...
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
Riccardo Palmarini2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Cranfield University),
John Ahmet Erkoyuncu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Cranfield University)
+ 1 AuthorsHosein Torabmostaedi1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract Augmented Reality (AR) technologies for supporting maintenance operations have been an academic research topic for around 50 years now. In the last decade, major progresses have been made and the AR technology is getting closer to being implemented in industry. In this paper, the advantages and disadvantages of AR have been explored and quantified in terms of Key Performance Indicators (KPI) for industrial maintenance. Unfortunately, some technical issues still prevent AR from being sui...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Procedia Manufacturing
Iñigo Fernández del Amo2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Cranfield University),
John Ahmet Erkoyuncu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Cranfield University)
+ 1 AuthorsStephen Wilding2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract Augmented Reality (AR) visualization capabilities can impact on maintenance. From enhancing performance to retrieving feedback, AR can close the information loop between maintenance information systems and the operations supported. Though, the design of AR applications is not aligned with current information systems, which prevents maintenance information to be used and improved properly. In this paper, industrial collaboration contributed to determine a framework for AR integration in ...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Procedia Manufacturing
Henrik Eschen1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TUHH: Hamburg University of Technology),
Tobias Kötter1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TUHH: Hamburg University of Technology)
+ 2 AuthorsThorsten Schüppstuhl1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TUHH: Hamburg University of Technology)
Abstract Maturity of augmented and virtual reality devices has considerably grown recently. As processes in the aviation industry are error prone and time consuming, efforts are made to implement these technologies to support human workers during inspection and maintenance. Nevertheless, varying process and device characteristics impede the selection of a suitable technology. A concept is presented to evaluate the potential of inspection and maintenance processes in the aviation industry regardi...
Antonio E. Uva13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Michele Gattullo7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 3 AuthorsMichele Fiorentino13
Estimated H-index: 13
Augmented reality (AR) is a key technology for the development of smart manufacturing. One of the main advantages of AR is that it can help workers to accomplish several tasks, making it possible the shift from mass production to mass customization. However, it is still not clear how these promises can be fulfilled in an industrial scenario. In particular, the question about which display solutions fit better the industrial constraints remains open. Based on the literature overview, laboratory e...
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Procedia Manufacturing
Riccardo Masoni1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Polytechnic University of Milan),
Francesco Ferrise10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Polytechnic University of Milan)
+ 5 AuthorsMichele Di Donato3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Amec Foster Wheeler)
Abstract Due to the Industry 4.0 initiative, Augmented Reality (AR) has started to be considered one of the most interesting technologies companies should invest in, especially to improve their maintenance services. Several technological limitations have prevented AR to become an effective industrial tool in the past. Now some of them have been overcome, some others not yet by off-the-shelf technologies. In this paper, we present a solution for remote maintenance based on off-the-shelf mobile an...
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Cirp Annals-manufacturing Technology3.83
John Ahmet Erkoyuncu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Cranfield University),
Iñigo Fernández del Amo2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Cranfield University)
+ 2 AuthorsGino Dini21
Estimated H-index: 21
(UniPi: University of Pisa)
Efficiency of industrial maintenance operation is significantly dependent on the skill and practice of the technicians involved. This paper demonstrates a novel approach to improve the maintenance efficiency through adaptive operational support using a context aware Augmented Reality (AR) technique that adapts with available data and the skill level of the technicians and without the need for prior working knowledge of AR. The AR system can be dynamically adapted by non-programmer maintenance te...
Published on Oct 1, 2016in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
Xi Vincent Wang12
Estimated H-index: 12
(NUS: National University of Singapore),
S. K. Ong33
Estimated H-index: 33
(NUS: National University of Singapore),
A.Y.C. Nee13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NUS: National University of Singapore)
Assembly motion simulation is crucial during conceptual product design to identify potential assembly issues and enhance assembly efficiency. This paper presents a novel assembly simulation system incorporating real-virtual components interaction in an augmented-reality based environment. With this system, users can manipulate and assemble virtual components to real components during assembly simulation using natural gestures through an enhanced bare-hand interface. Accurate and realistic moveme...
Cited By4
Newest
S. K. Ong33
Estimated H-index: 33
(NUS: National University of Singapore),
A. W. W. Yew2
Estimated H-index: 2
(NUS: National University of Singapore)
+ 1 AuthorsA.Y.C. Nee13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NUS: National University of Singapore)
Abstract Robots are important in high-mix low-volume manufacturing because of their versatility and repeatability in performing manufacturing tasks. However, robots have not been widely used due to cumbersome programming effort and lack of operator skill. One significant factor prohibiting the widespread application of robots by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) is the high cost and necessary skill of programming and re-programming robots to perform diverse tasks. This paper discusses an Augme...
Published on Jan 1, 2020
Helena Fidlerová , Martina Porubčinová (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)+ 1 AuthorsIvana Novotná (STU: Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava)
Published on Jan 1, 2020
Fabio Bruno3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Loris Barbieri7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 2 AuthorsBiagio Colacino
Published on Oct 1, 2019in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
C.Y. Siew (NUS: National University of Singapore), S. K. Ong33
Estimated H-index: 33
(NUS: National University of Singapore),
A.Y.C. Nee13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NUS: National University of Singapore)
Abstract This paper describes an Augmented Reality Maintenance System (ARMS) that can provide adaptive support and feedback to a user during maintenance. An innovative wrist-based haptic tracking methodology is implemented to provide maintenance step awareness to the maintenance operator when he/she is working within the maintenance workspace. This is integrated with an image-based step detection module to facilitate the determination on whether a step has been conducted correctly. To further ad...
Human resource marketing (HRM) is focused on the creation of job-position while including all relevant parameters such as work specification, wage, and adequate communication of a job offer. Wage is possible to understand as not only the amount of money received but also as all kinds of reward for the work that has been completed. Forms of staff renumeration have received more interest during the last decade, especially in regards to managers and the concept of industry 4.0. Job offer descriptio...
Published on Aug 1, 2019in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
Tariq Masood6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Cambridge),
Johannes Egger1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Cambridge)
Abstract Industrial augmented reality (AR) is an integral part of Industry 4.0 concepts, as it enables workers to access digital information and overlay that information with the physical world. While not being broadly adopted in some applications, the compound annual growth rate of the industrial AR market is projected to grow rapidly. Hence, it is important to understand the issues arising from implementation of AR in industry. This study identifies critical success factors and challenges for ...
Fan He , S. K. Ong33
Estimated H-index: 33
+ 0 AuthorsAndrew Y. C. Nee
The ever-increasing complexity in manufacturing environments has caused delay and uncertainty for on-site personnel when retrieving critical information. Currently, information associated with manufacturing environments is created and stored in centralized terminals and even paper-based logbooks. Any delays in accessing this information can hinder critical decision-making processes that are essential to ensure maximum efficiency and productivity. To increase the competitiveness of manufacturing ...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Procedia CIRP
Uroš Urbas , Rok Vrabič7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Nikola Vukašinović
Abstract Model-based definition and augmented reality are two emerging technologies, which enable a faster product development cycle and better dimensional control. They are an enabler of industry 4.0, and a better way to transfer the data to the user. Although each of the technologies is well researched, their combination presents a challenge from a research perspective. Model-based definition enables the product manufacturing data to be used in downstream processes, which include quality contr...
View next paperAn Innovative Process to Select Augmented Reality (AR) Technology for Maintenance