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Dichloroacetate Ameliorates Cardiac Dysfunction Caused by Ischemic Insults Through AMPK Signal Pathway—Not Only Shifts Metabolism

Published on Feb 1, 2019in Toxicological Sciences3.564
· DOI :10.1093/toxsci/kfy272
Xuan Li5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UMMC: University of Mississippi Medical Center),
Jia Liu3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UMMC: University of Mississippi Medical Center)
+ 6 AuthorsJi Li31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UMMC: University of Mississippi Medical Center)
Abstract
: Dichloroacetate (DCA), an inhibitor of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK), regulates substrate metabolism in the heart. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an age-related energy sensor that protects the heart from ischemic injury. This study aims to investigate whether DCA can protect the heart from ischemic injury through the AMPK signaling pathway. Young (3-4 months) and aged (20-24 months) male C57BL/6J mice were subjected to ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) for an in vivo ischemic model. The systolic function of the hearts was significantly decreased in both young and aged mice after 45 min of ischemia and 24 h of reperfusion. DCA treatment significantly improved cardiac function in both young and aged mice. The myocardial infarction analysis demonstrated that DCA treatment significantly reduced the infarction size caused by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in both young and aged mice. The isolated-cardiomyocyte experiments showed that DCA treatment ameliorated contractile dysfunction and improved the intracellular calcium signal of cardiomyocytes under hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) conditions. These cardioprotective functions of DCA can be attenuated by inhibiting AMPK activation. Furthermore, the metabolic measurements with an ex vivo working heart system demonstrated that the effects of DCA treatment on modulating the metabolic shift response to ischemia and reperfusion stress can be attenuated by inhibiting AMPK activity. The immunoblotting results showed that DCA treatment triggered cardiac AMPK signaling pathway by increasing the phosphorylation of AMPK's upstream kinase liver kinase B1 (LKB1) under both sham operations and I/R conditions. Thus, except from modulating metabolism in hearts, the cardioprotective function of DCA during I/R was mediated by the LKB1-AMPK pathway.
  • References (46)
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References46
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#1Xu Chen (UMMC: University of Mississippi Medical Center)H-Index: 6
#2Xuan Li (UMMC: University of Mississippi Medical Center)H-Index: 5
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Abstract Background AMP-activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) is a stress-activated kinase that protects against cardiomyocyte injury during ischemia and reperfusion. c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), a mitogen activated protein kinase, is activated by ischemia and reperfusion. NF-κB is an important transcription factor involved in ischemia and reperfusion injury. Methods and Results The intrinsic activation of AMPK attenuates the inflammation which occurred during ischemia/reperfusion through the modula...
21 CitationsSource
#1Lin Wang (UMMC: University of Mississippi Medical Center)H-Index: 6
#2Nanhu Quan (UMMC: University of Mississippi Medical Center)H-Index: 9
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: We aim to investigate the cardioprotective effects of L-carnitine (LC) on cardiac function during ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) and contractile function of single cardiomyocyte. C57BL/6 J mice were randomly assigned to 5 groups: sham group; vehicle group, LC preconditioning group, LC preconditioning + LY294002 (a PI3K/Akt signaling pathway inhibitor) group (LC + LY), and LY294002 group (LY). The sham group was exposed to the open heart operation but not I/R, the other groups received 45 min i...
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AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in intracellular adaptation to energy stress during myocardial ischemia. Notch1 signaling in the adult myocardium is also activated in response to ischemic stress. However, the relationship between Notch1 and AMPK signaling pathways during ischemia remains unclear. We hypothesize that Notch1 as an adaptive signaling pathway protects the heart from ischemic injury via modulating the cardioprotective AMPK signaling pathway....
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