Association between breaks in sitting time and adiposity in Australian toddlers: Results from the GET-UP! study

Published on Feb 1, 2019in Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports3.631
· DOI :10.1111/sms.13327
Eduarda Sousa-Sá2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UOW: University of Wollongong),
João R. Pereira5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UC: University of Coimbra)
+ 3 AuthorsRute Santos26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Universidade Lusófona)
BACKGROUND:In youth, research on the health benefits of breaking up sitting time is inconsistent. Our aim was to explore the association between the number of breaks in sitting time and adiposity in Australian toddlers. METHODS:This study comprised 266 toddlers (52% boys), aged 19.6 ± 4.2 months from the GET-UP! Study, Australia. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and z-scores by age and sex were computed for waist circumference (WC). Participants were classified as overweight according to the WHO criteria for BMI. For WC, participants with a z-score≥1SD were considered overweight. Sitting time was assessed with activPALs during childcare hours and participants were classified by tertiles of the number of breaks/h in sitting time: 39 breaks/h. Logistic regression assessed odds ratios for non-overweight (BMI or waist circumference categories) by number of breaks in sitting time/h, controlling for age, sex, and socioeconomic status. RESULTS:The number of breaks in sitting time significantly predicted a lower weight status (non-overweight) according to WC values (P for trend = 0.032) after adjustments. CONCLUSIONS:Breaking up sitting time was positively associated with toddlers' waist circumference. Future studies are needed to determine whether breaking up sitting time is a protective for cardiometabolic health in toddlers.
  • References (33)
  • Citations (0)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
37 Citations
6 Authors (Lydian Veldhuis, ..., Hein Raat)
4 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Anisse Penning (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 1
#2D OkelyAnthony (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 55
Last. Anne-Maree Parrish (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 8
view all 8 authors...
Levels of sitting among adolescents are high, especially during the school day. The acute cognitive and health consequences associated with prolonged sitting are poorly understood in adolescents. This randomized crossover design study examined the acute effects of a simulated school day with reduced sitting or usual sitting on adolescents’ cognitive function and cardiometabolic biomarkers. Eighteen healthy school aged adolescents were recruited from the community to the study (11 males; 7 female...
9 CitationsSource
#1Rute Santos (University of Porto)H-Index: 26
#2Zhiguang Zhang (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 2
Last. D OkelyAnthony (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 55
view all 6 authors...
Background For effective public health and surveillance it is important to document the proportion of young children who meet the new Australian Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and how these associate with health outcomes. We aimed to (i) assess compliance with the new Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years in a sample of Australian toddlers; and (ii) ascertain whether compliance with the guidelines associates with weight status.
13 CitationsSource
#1D OkelyAnthony (Illawarra Health & Medical Research Institute)H-Index: 55
#2Davina Ghersi (National Health and Medical Research Council)H-Index: 32
Last. S TremblayMark (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 71
view all 27 authors...
In 2017, the Australian Government funded the update of the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0–5 years, with the intention that they be an integration of movement behaviours across the 24-h period. The benefit for Australia was that it could leverage research in Canada in the development of their 24-h guidelines for the early years. Concurrently, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group published a model to produce guideli...
47 CitationsSource
#1S TremblayMark (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 71
#2Salomé Aubert (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 7
Last. Mai J. M. Chinapaw (VUmc: VU University Medical Center)H-Index: 32
view all 9 authors...
Background: The prominence of sedentary behavior research in health science has grown rapidly. With this growth there is increasing urgency for clear, common and accepted terminology and definitions. Such standardization is difficult to achieve, especially across multi-disciplinary researchers, practitioners, and industries. The Sedentary Behavior Research Network (SBRN) undertook a Terminology Consensus Project to address this need. Method: First, a literature review was completed to identify k...
395 CitationsSource
#1Kay Mann (Newcastle University)H-Index: 11
#2Laura D Howe (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 28
Last. Xanne JanssenH-Index: 14
view all 9 authors...
Longitudinal study of the associations between change in sedentary behavior and change in adiposity during childhood and adolescence: Gateshead Millennium Study
14 CitationsSource
#1Richard M. Pulsford (University of Exeter)H-Index: 8
#2James R. Blackwell (University of Exeter)H-Index: 8
Last. Katarina Kos (University of Exeter)H-Index: 19
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Objectives Interrupting prolonged periods of sitting may improve postprandial insulin and glucose although it is unclear whether interruptions need to involve physical activity or simply a change in posture (from sitting to standing) to benefit adults without metabolic impairment. This study examined effects of interrupting sitting with intermittent walking, and intermittent standing on dynamic insulin and glucose responses in men without known metabolic impairment. Design A randomised ...
33 CitationsSource
#1Rute Santos (University of Porto)H-Index: 26
#2Dylan P. Cliff (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 29
Last. D OkelyAnthony (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 55
view all 8 authors...
Background The educational and cognitive differences associated with low socioeconomic status begin early in life and tend to persist throughout life. Coupled with the finding that levels of sedentary time are negatively associated with cognitive development, and time spent active tends to be lower in disadvantaged circumstances, this highlights the need for interventions that reduce the amount of time children spend sitting and sedentary during childcare. The proposed study aims to assess the e...
9 CitationsSource
The purpose of this systematic review was to determine how combinations of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB), and sleep were associated with important health indicators in children and youth aged 5–17 years. Online databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTdiscus, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) were searched for relevant studies examining the relationship between time spent engaging in different combinations of PA, SB, and sleep with the following health indicators: adiposity, cardiometabolic bioma...
79 CitationsSource
#1Veronica J. Poitras (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 15
#2Casey E Gray (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 18
Last. S TremblayMark (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 71
view all 12 authors...
Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is essential for disease prevention and health promotion. Emerging evidence suggests other intensities of physical activity (PA), including light-intensity activity (LPA), may also be important, but there has been no rigorous evaluation of the evidence. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the relationships between objectively measured PA (total and all intensities) and health indicators in school-aged children and youth. Online datab...
273 CitationsSource
#1Pedro B. Júdice (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 9
#2Marc T. HamiltonH-Index: 24
Last. Analiza M. Silva (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 29
view all 5 authors...
Purpose Modern lifestyles require people to spend prolonged periods of sitting, and public health messages recommend replacing sitting with as much standing as is feasible. The metabolic/energy cost (MEC) of sitting and standing is poorly understood, and MEC associated with a transition from sitting to standing has not been reported. Thus, we carefully quantified the MEC for sitting, standing and sit/stand transitions, adjusting for age and fat-free mass (FFM) in a sample of adults with no known...
40 CitationsSource
Cited By0
The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the literature on the associations between breaks in sitting time and cardiovascular health, in children and adolescents. The search was conducted using five databases (MEDLINE, SCOPUS, WEB OF SCIENCE, PSYCINFO and CINAHL) through to 01 October 2019. Due to heterogeneity of the data, meta-analyses were not possible. We screened 2577 studies, and 15 studies were included, representing 9116 participants, from six different countries. Five observat...
#1Eduarda Sousa-Sá (Illawarra Health & Medical Research Institute)H-Index: 2
#2Zhiguang Zhang (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 2
Last. Rute Santos (University of Porto)H-Index: 26
view all 6 authors...
AIM: As retinal microvasculature (RMV) can be assessed non-invasively, it presents an opportunity to examine the health and disease of the human microcirculation, as RMV alterations have been recognised as one of the earliest signs of cardiovascular risk. This review summarises current literature on the associations between physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and/or adiposity and RMV in children and adolescents aged 0-18 years. METHODS: Six databases were searched (MEDLINE, Scopus, ...