Synthesis and antibacterial profiles of targeted triclosan derivatives
Published on Jan 1, 2019in European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry4.833
· DOI :10.1016/j.ejmech.2018.10.053
Abstract There is an ongoing urgent need for new targeted antibacterial compounds with novel mechanisms of action for the treatment of infections caused by bacteria that are resistant to currently available materials. Since the expression of glycosidase enzymes within bacteria is unequally distributed, glycoside derivatives of antibacterial agents offer potential as targeted prodrugs for bacterial infections. Herein we report the synthesis and characterisation of four α-D-glycopyranosides and three β-D-glycopyranosides of the broad antibacterial agent triclosan, in generally good synthetic yields, and with excellent purities. Each glycoside was analysed to determine its ability to inhibit the growth of a wide range of Gram-negative and Gram-positive organisms, including many of clinical significance. All of the triclosan glycosides that were synthesized demonstrated antibacterial activity against many of the organisms that were examined. For example, β-galactoside (3a) and α-arabinoside (3c) had MIC values of 0.5 μg/ml for several strains of S. aureus and S. haemolyticus. The triclosan glycosides were also generally found to be more water soluble and much more selective than the underivatized triclosan, making them ideal both for the targeted inhibition of bacterial growth and as agents for the selective recovery of bacteria from mixed cultures. In the latter case, two Bacillus strains could be identified from various strains of Bacillus and Staphylococcus after inoculation onto Nutrient Agar No. 2 with 0.25 μg/ml triclosan-α-D-glucopyranoside (3e). This glucoside may, therefore, be of use for the isolation and identification of the food-poisoning organism Bacillus cereus.