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Sleeping Problems Partly Mediate the Association between Victimization and Depression among Youth

Published on Sep 22, 2018in Journal of Child and Family Studies1.56
· DOI :10.1007/s10826-018-1249-3
Sanna Herkama1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UTU: University of Turku),
Tiina Turunen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UTU: University of Turku)
+ 1 AuthorsChristina Salmivalli48
Estimated H-index: 48
(UTU: University of Turku)
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Abstract
Being bullied by peers at school is associated with numerous intrapersonal, interpersonal, and health problems. Depression is one of the strongest correlates of victimization and, although it may precede victimization, there is convincing evidence of victimization leading to later depression. Victimization has also been found to be related to sleeping problems, both concurrently and longitudinally. Using structural equation modeling, we tested the hypothesis that the effect of victimization on depression is partly mediated by sleeping difficulties. The mean age of the participants (N = 1717) was 16 years, and they were from 20 schools in seven towns in Southern and South-West Finland. We focused on two types of sleeping problems—insomnia and nightmares—among students who had recently made the transition to secondary education in Finland. We controlled for the effects of sex (girls and others in relation to boys) and school type (high school/vocational school). Besides a significant direct effect of victimization on depression (β = .21, p < .001), there were significant indirect effects via both insomnia (β = .04, p = .008) and nightmares (β = .03, p = .002). The findings suggest that sleeping problems may be indicative of peer victimization, and they are one possible mechanisms via which the effects of victimization on depression unfold.
  • References (53)
  • Citations (1)
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References53
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Journal of Early Adolescence1.75
Kelly M. Tu11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
Clayton W. Spencer1
Estimated H-index: 1
(AU: Auburn University)
+ 1 AuthorsStephen A. Erath26
Estimated H-index: 26
(AU: Auburn University)
This study examined the prospective association between peer victimization and subjective sleep quality among typically developing early adolescents. At Time 1 (T1), participants included 123 youth (50% boys; X¯ age = 12.03 years; 58.5% European American, 35% African American), along with one parent and teacher. Youth, parents, and teachers reported on youth’s experiences of peer victimization at T1. Youth reported on sleep quality at T1 and T2 (10 months later). Results from regression analyses...
Published on Apr 1, 2017in Scientific Reports4.01
Nils Sandman4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Katja Valli15
Estimated H-index: 15
+ 3 AuthorsTiina Paunio44
Estimated H-index: 44
Nightmares are intensive dreams with negative emotional tone. Frequent nightmares can pose a serious clinical problem and in 2001, Tanskanen et al. found that nightmares increase the risk of suicide. However, the dataset used by these authors included war veterans in whom nightmare frequency - and possibly also suicide risk - is elevated. Therefore, re-examination of the association between nightmares and suicide in these data is warranted. We investigated the relationship between nightmares and...
Published on Nov 1, 2016in Aggression and Violent Behavior1.98
Ioannis Tsaousis18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UoC: University of Crete)
Abstract Bullying perpetration and peer victimization has long been considered an important social and clinical problem. Children and adolescents who are bullied are at increased risk for mental health problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and bullying behavior (i.e. perpetration and peer victimization) using meta-analytic procedures. Online databases up to June 2014 were searched, and bibliographies of retrieved studies were examined, for studie...
Published on Jul 3, 2016in Behavioral Sleep Medicine3.17
E. Juulia Paavonen17
Estimated H-index: 17
(National Institute for Health and Welfare),
Taina Huurre17
Estimated H-index: 17
(National Institute for Health and Welfare)
+ 2 AuthorsTimo Partonen46
Estimated H-index: 46
(National Institute for Health and Welfare)
Sleep disturbances are common among adolescents, but there are no brief interventions to treat them. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief semistructured, individually delivered sleep intervention to ameliorate adolescents' sleeping difficulties and lengthen sleep duration. All students aged 16–18 years in a high school were screened for sleeping difficulties and 36 students with the highest sleep problem scores were invited to the intervention. Postinterventio...
Published on Jun 1, 2016in Sleep Medicine Reviews10.52
Mitch van Geel12
Estimated H-index: 12
(LEI: Leiden University),
Anouk Goemans8
Estimated H-index: 8
(LEI: Leiden University),
Paul Vedder28
Estimated H-index: 28
(LEI: Leiden University)
Summary Peer victimization has been found related to sleeping problems in children and adolescents in multiple studies. The aim of the current meta-analysis is to study the relation between peer victimization and sleeping problems. The databases PsycINFO, MEDLINE, ERIC, Embase and LILACS were searched for articles. There were 21 articles that met the criteria for inclusion in the meta-analysis. These 21 articles contained 46 independent effect sizes and 363,539 children and adolescents, ranging ...
Published on May 1, 2016in Acta Paediatrica2.27
Anna-Marja Ilola1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TYKS: Turku University Hospital),
Lotta Lempinen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(TYKS: Turku University Hospital)
+ 2 AuthorsAndre Sourander52
Estimated H-index: 52
(TYKS: Turku University Hospital)
AIM: There are few population-based studies on bullying behaviour among preschool children. The aims of the study were to investigate the prevalence of bullying behaviour among four-year-old children, as reported by their parents, the prevalence of types of bullying behaviour and the associations between bullying behaviour and psychosocial factors. METHODS: This study was based on a population-based study sample of 931 children who attended their check-up at a child health clinic at four years o...
Published on Sep 19, 2015
Ofer Harel22
Estimated H-index: 22
(UConn: University of Connecticut),
Jeffrey Stratton4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Robert H. Aseltine30
Estimated H-index: 30
Abstract Randomized trials of diverse behavioral interventions routinely observe declines in problem behavior among control subjects that cannot be attributed to flawed experimental design. Explanations for this pattern of effects
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Archives of Disease in Childhood3.16
Dieter Wolke69
Estimated H-index: 69
(Warw.: University of Warwick),
Suzet Tanya Lereya15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Warw.: University of Warwick)
Bullying is the systematic abuse of power and is defined as aggressive behaviour or intentional harm-doing by peers that is carried out repeatedly and involves an imbalance of power. Being bullied is still often wrongly considered as a ‘normal rite of passage’. This review considers the importance of bullying as a major risk factor for poor physical and mental health and reduced adaptation to adult roles including forming lasting relationships, integrating into work and being economically indepe...
Published on Apr 1, 2015in Sleep
Nils Sandman4
Estimated H-index: 4
(National Institute for Health and Welfare),
Katja Valli15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UTU: University of Turku)
+ 3 AuthorsTiina Paunio15
Estimated H-index: 15
(National Institute for Health and Welfare)
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for experiencing nightmares among the Finnish general adult population. The study aimed to both test whether previously reported correlates of frequent nightmares could be reproduced in a large population sample and to explore previously unreported associations.DESIGN: Two independent cross-sectional population surveys of the National FINRISK Study.SETTING: Age- and sex-stratified random samples of the Finnish population in 2007 and 2012.PARTICIPANTS: A...
Published on Mar 26, 2015in PLOS ONE2.78
Ying Zhou13
Estimated H-index: 13
(SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University),
L. Guo13
Estimated H-index: 13
(SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)
+ 6 AuthorsXue Gao10
Estimated H-index: 10
(SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether involvement in bullying as a bully, victim, or bully-victim was associated with a higher risk of poor sleep quality among high school students in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 23,877 high school students were surveyed in six cities in Guangdong Province. All students were asked to complete the adolescent health status questionnaire, which included the Chinese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and bullying invo...
Cited By1
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Published on Jun 29, 2019in Journal of Child and Family Studies1.56
Jun Sung Hong24
Estimated H-index: 24
(WSU: Wayne State University),
Dorothy L. Espelage57
Estimated H-index: 57
(UF: University of Florida),
Chad A. Rose14
Estimated H-index: 14
(MU: University of Missouri)
Significant health problems of adolescents involved in bullying has been documented in the research literature. Research consistently reports that youth who are involved in bullying are at a significant risk of health problems (e.g., depression, anxiety, sleeplessness). Likewise, those with health problems are at an increased odds of bullying and peer victimization. The Special Issue, “Bullying, Peer Victimization, and Child and Adolescent Health”, of the Journal of Child and Family Studies brin...
View next paperThe Relationship Between Victimization and Depression of Adolescents