Interventions to increase physical activity in children 0-5 years old: a systematic review, meta-analysis and realist synthesis

Published on Jan 1, 2019in Obesity Reviews8.192
· DOI :10.1111/obr.12763
Jill A. Hnatiuk9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Deakin University),
Helen Cosis-Brown12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Cambridge)
+ 3 AuthorsKylie D. Hesketh48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Deakin University)
  • References (70)
  • Citations (1)
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Aim or objective To evaluate the effectiveness of behavioural interventions that report sedentary behaviour outcomes during early childhood. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Complete, Global Health, MEDLINE Complete, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus with Full Text and EMBASE electronic databases were searched in March 2016. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Inclusion criteria were: (1) published in a peer-reviewed English language journal; (...
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#2Eun-Young Lee (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 7
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Abstract Background Given the rapid development during the early years (0-4 years), an understanding of the health implications of physical activity is needed. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the relationships between objectively and subjectively measured physical activity and health indicators in the early years. Methods Electronic databases were originally searched in April, 2016. Included studies needed to be peer-reviewed, written in English or French, and meet a priori ...
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#1D OkelyAnthony (Illawarra Health & Medical Research Institute)H-Index: 55
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In 2017, the Australian Government funded the update of the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0–5 years, with the intention that they be an integration of movement behaviours across the 24-h period. The benefit for Australia was that it could leverage research in Canada in the development of their 24-h guidelines for the early years. Concurrently, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group published a model to produce guideli...
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#1S TremblayMark (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 71
#2Jean-Philippe Chaput (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 52
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Background The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology convened representatives of national organizations, research experts, methodologists, stakeholders, and end-users who followed rigorous and transparent guideline development procedures to create the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0–4 years): An Integration of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep. These novel guidelines for children of the early years embrace the natural and intuitive integration of mo...
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ABSTRACTIntroductionFew physical activity interventions have been undertaken in infants and toddlers, despite concerns that they are insufficiently active. The Prevention of Overweight in Infancy trial encouraged parents to be physically active with their child from birth, including prone-based play
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Background Preschools and childcare settings offer opportunities to promote adequate levels of physical activity. Research is needed to identify the key features of these settings to optimize young children’s activity. The aims of this study were to determine if differences existed in preschool children’s physical activity during care hours compared with outside care hours and to examine a comprehensive range of potential center-based correlates of physical activity for preschool boys and girls.
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OBJECTIVES: In order to improve healthy behaviours among rural children in their early years, a physical activity and healthy eating intervention (Healthy Start – Depart Sante) was implemented in rural childcare centres throughout Saskatchewan. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the impact of a multimodal physical activity and healthy eating intervention on educators’ provision of opportunities for children to improve their physical activity levels, fundamental movement skills an...
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Abstract Objectives Educator-led programs for physical activity and motor skill development show potential but few have been implemented and evaluated using a randomized controlled design. Furthermore, few educator-led programs have evaluated both gross motor skills and physical activity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate a gross motor skill and physical activity program for preschool children which was facilitated solely by childcare educators. Design A six-month 2-arm randomized...
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#1Huilan Xu (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 11
#2Li Ming Wen (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 24
Last. Chris Rissel (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 49
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Background Early childhood is a critical time for establishing physical activity and sedentary behaviours. Identifying modifiable predictors of physical activity and sedentary behaviours in the early life stages can inform the development of early intervention programs. The aim of this study was to identify modifiable predictors of outdoor play (a proxy of physical activity) and screen-time in 2- to 5-year-olds.
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#1Gary S. GoldfieldH-Index: 34
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Introduction This study evaluated whether intervening with child care providers would increase physical activity (PA) and reduce adiposity in preschoolers. Methods This was a two-arm, parallel group, cluster RCT whereby six child care centers were randomly assigned in equal numbers to intervention ( n =40 children) or control ( n =43 children). Participants were aged 3–5 years and attended licensed child care centers. Child care providers received two 3-hour train-the-trainer workshops and a tra...
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#1Jill A. Hnatiuk (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 9
#2Genevieve M Dwyer (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 7
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Co-participation in physical activity may be important for helping families with young children meet physical activity recommendations. Yet, little is known about what families perceive to be the benefits, barriers and facilitators of co-participation. This study explored (i) parents' perceptions about physical activity and possible benefits of family-based co-participation in physical activity, (ii) their perceived facilitators and barriers to co-participation and (iii) their recommendations fo...
#1Cecilia Saldanha-Gomes (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)
#1C Saldanha-GomesH-Index: 1
Last. Patricia Dargent-MolinaH-Index: 29
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BACKGROUND: Despite the growing interest in the relation between adiposity in children and different lifestyle clusters, few studies used a longitudinal design to examine a large range of behaviors in various contexts, in particular eating- and sleep-related routines, and few studies have examined these factors in young children. The objectives of this study were to identify clusters of boys and girls based on diet, sleep and activity-related behaviors and their family environment at 2 and 5 yea...
Approximately 50% of preschoolers do not meet physical activity recommendations and children who reside in low-income rural communities may be further at risk for higher levels of sedentary behavior. Outdoor play is essential for preschool children; however, literature is unclear as to which types of interventions elicit moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for all preschoolers. The aim of this study was to determine which type of intervention, physical activity or fundamental motor ski...
#1Jessica A. Hoffman (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 10
#1Jessica HoffmanH-Index: 1
Last. Charles H. HillmanH-Index: 56
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This study tested the Wellness Enhancing Physical Activity in Young Children (WE PLAY) program, a 4-week online preschool teacher training, on children's moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In this cluster RCT, six Head Start preschools were randomized to an intervention and comparison group. Children's MVPA was measured using accelerometers at pre- and posttest. The magnitude of the difference in MVPA between groups at posttest was small, but in the expected direction: Delta min/hour...
#1Pulan Bai (UWA: University of Western Australia)
#2Ashleigh L. Thornton (UWA: University of Western Australia)H-Index: 6
Last. Hayley Christian (UWA: University of Western Australia)H-Index: 27
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Background: Physical activity professional development programs for Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) educators are a viable strategy for improving preschool children’s physical activity behavior. This pilot intervention evaluated the effectiveness of ‘nature play’ and ‘fundamental movement skills’ (FMS) professional development programs on ECEC educators’ practices on physical activity. Methods: 148 ECEC educators from 20 ECEC centers took part in either the Nature play or FMS professio...
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Establishing healthy nutrition, activity, and sleep behaviours early in life is a key strategy in childhood obesity prevention. Parents are the primary influence on the development and establishment of obesity-related behaviours in young children. There is evidence that autonomy supporting parenting practices are crucial for the development of self-regulation and the internalisation of healthy behaviours in children. It is therefore imperative that parenting practices are targeted as part of an ...
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Abstract This study utilized behavior-mapping to describe behavior and levels of activity in infants attending Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC). Descriptive statistics were used to determine proportion of time spent in certain locations, body positions, activities and engagement with others. To establish whether location, the presence of equipment or engagement with others influenced levels of activity, a paired t-test was used. Results indicated that of all locations, infants spent the...