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Does the concentration of scientific research funding in institutions promote knowledge output

Published on Nov 1, 2018in Journal of Informetrics 3.88
· DOI :10.1016/j.joi.2018.09.003
Zhifeng Yin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CUFE: Central University of Finance and Economics),
Zheng Liang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(THU: Tsinghua University),
Qiang Zhi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CUFE: Central University of Finance and Economics)
Abstract Basic research is the main powerhouse of a country’s potential for continuous economic growth, and national-level scientific research funding is an important source of capital that supports this basic research. Given these observations, this paper takes micro-level data from projects funded by the Department of Management Sciences in the National Natural Science Foundation of China between 2006 and 2010 to examine the relationship between the efficient use of research funding and the level of concentrated funding in certain research institutions. In contrast to the positive externalities produced by the concentration of R&D activities, our study finds that the accumulation of scientific research funding at the institution level is negative correlated with the knowledge output of the principal investigators of projects within the research institution. We explore the sources of the negative correlation and discuss some policy implications.
  • References (38)
  • Citations (1)
Published on Aug 1, 2016in Journal of Economic Perspectives 6.45
Tyler Cowen25
Estimated H-index: 25
(GMU: George Mason University),
Alexander Tabarrok17
Estimated H-index: 17
(GMU: George Mason University)
We can imagine a plausible case for government support of science based on traditional economic reasons of externalities and public goods. Yet when it comes to government support of grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for economic research, our sense is that many economists avoid critical questions, skimp on analysis, and move straight to advocacy. In this essay, we take a more skeptical attitude toward the efforts of the NSF to subsidize economic research. We offer two main sets o...
Published on Mar 25, 2016in Research Evaluation 2.88
Philippe Mongeon8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UdeM: Université de Montréal),
Christine Brodeur1
Estimated H-index: 1
(École Polytechnique de Montréal)
+ 1 AuthorsVincent Larivière38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UdeM: Université de Montréal)
In most countries, basic research is supported by research councils that select, after peer review, the individuals or teams that are to receive funding. Unfortunately, the number of grants these research councils can allocate is not infinite and, in most cases, a minority of the researchers receive the majority of the funds. However, evidence as to whether this is an optimal way of distributing available funds is mixed. The purpose of this study is to measure the relation between the amount of ...
Published on Mar 1, 2016in Scientometrics 2.77
Ashkan Ebadi6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Concordia University),
Andrea Schiffauerova11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Masdar Institute of Science and Technology)
This paper analyzes the impact of several influencing factors on scientific production of researchers. Time related statistical models for the period of 1996 to 2010 are estimated to assess the impact of research funding and other determinant factors on the quantity and quality of the scientific output of individual funded researchers in Canadian natural sciences and engineering. Results confirm a positive impact of funding on the quantity and quality of the publications. In addition, the existe...
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Scientometrics 2.77
Qiang Zhi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CUFE: Central University of Finance and Economics),
Tianguang Meng5
Estimated H-index: 5
(THU: Tsinghua University)
Scientific research activity produces the "Matthew Effect" on resource allocation. Based on a data set in the life sciences field from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) during the 11th Five-Year-Plan (2006---2010), this paper makes an empirical study on how the Matthew Effect of funding allocation at the institutional level and city level impact scientific research activity output. With Gini coefficient evaluation, descriptive statistic analysis, and the Poisson regression ...
Published on Mar 1, 2015in Research Policy 5.42
J.W. Fedderke and M. Velez1
Estimated H-index: 1
M. Goldschmidt1
Estimated H-index: 1
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
In this study we evaluate whether a substantial increase in public funding to researchers is associated with a material difference in their productivity. We compare performance measures of researchers who were granted substantial funding against researchers with similar scholarly standing who did not receive such funding. We find that substantial funding is associated with raised researcher performance – though the increase is moderate, is strongly conditional on the quality of the researcher wh...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Journal of Management Sciences in China
Zhang En-y1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National Natural Science Foundation of China)
This paper presents a multi-criteria decision-making method based on Vague sets to evaluate the eleven main competitive research funding programs of the National Natural Science Foundation of China( NSFC). Firstly,panels of NSFC were asked to evaluate these funding programsby a questionnaire according to four criteria: assessment fairness,management normalization,scientific innovation,and social influence.Three linguistic terms,"HIGH","LOW"or "UNKNOWN",are involved in the evaluation. Secondly,th...
Published on May 23, 2014in Science 41.04
Yu Xie40
Estimated H-index: 40
(PKU: Peking University)
In recent years, academic scholarship and public discourse have become increasingly preoccupied with social and economic inequality, which has risen in many countries. It is surprising that more attention has not been paid to the large, changing inequalities in the world of scientific research. I suggest that although the basic structure of inequalities in science has remained unchanged, their intensities and mechanisms may have been altered by recent forces of globalization and internet technol...
Published on Feb 1, 2014in Science & Public Policy 1.57
Terttu Luukkonen17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Research Institute of the Finnish Economy)
The European Research Council (ERC), which was introduced in the Seventh Framework Programme, implements radically new principles in the Framework Programme. This paper develops a methodological framework for measuring the effects of the ERC on the European research funding landscape and presents empirical findings. It maps three analytically separate but closely related dimensions: the research policy, institutional, and organisational dimensions, all of which are pertinent to a study of the ef...
Published on Jan 27, 2014in PLOS ONE 2.78
Ruslan T. Saygitov1
Estimated H-index: 1
The impact of grants on research productivity has been investigated by a number of retrospective studies. The results of these studies vary considerably. The objective of my study was to investigate the impact of funding through the RF President’s grants for young scientists on the research productivity of awarded applicants. The study compared the number of total articles and citations for awarded and rejected applicants who in 2007 took part in competitions for young candidates of science (CoS...
Published on Jun 19, 2013in PLOS ONE 2.78
Jean-Michel Fortin2
Estimated H-index: 2
(U of O: University of Ottawa),
David J. Currie41
Estimated H-index: 41
(U of O: University of Ottawa)
Agencies that fund scientific research must choose: is it more effective to give large grants to a few elite researchers, or small grants to many researchers? Large grants would be more effective only if scientific impact increases as an accelerating function of grant size. Here, we examine the scientific impact of individual university-based researchers in three disciplines funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). We considered four indices of scientifi...
Cited By1
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Journal of Informetrics 3.88
Dengsheng Wu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences), Lili Yuan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 1 AuthorsJianping Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract The inequality in research funding is an important issue, in which the measurement of inequality is the basis. The literature has mostly investigated the inequality in research funding by providing overall values of inequality but has rarely explored this topic through the internal structure of the overall inequality. In this paper, a three-stage nested Theil index is employed to decompose the overall inequality in research funding into the between and within components. Moreover, a dec...