TDMA in Adaptive Resonant Beam Charging for IoT Devices
Resonant beam charging (RBC) can realize wireless power transfer (WPT) from a transmitter to multiple Internet of Things devices via resonant beams. The adaptive RBC (ARBC) can effectively improve its energy utilization. In order to support multiuser WPT in the ARBC system, we propose the time-division multiple access (TDMA) method and design the TDMA-based WPT scheduling algorithm. Our TDMA WPT method has the features of concurrently charging, continuous charging current, individual user power control, constant driving power, and flexible driving power control. The simulation shows that the TDMA scheduling algorithm has high efficiency, as the total charging time is roughly half (46.9% when charging 50 receivers) of that of the alternative scheduling algorithm. Furthermore, the TDMA for WPT inspires the ideas of enhancing the ARBC system, such as flow control and quality of service.