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Facial attractiveness as a function of athletic prowess

Published on Jul 1, 2018in Evolutionary Psychology 1.82
· DOI :10.1177/1474704918801369
Richard P. Bagozzi86
Estimated H-index: 86
(UM: University of Michigan),
Willem Verbeke28
Estimated H-index: 28
(EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)
+ 1 AuthorsMarloes van Poele
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Abstract
We investigate the relationship between facial attractiveness and athletic prowess. We study the connection between subjective facial attractiveness (measured on a 5-point scale of judged facial attractiveness) and athletes by gender and age of respondents. Five age classes were investigated in Studies 1–5: preadolescents (average age: 8.85 years: n = 92), adolescents (average age: 15.8 years; n = 82), young adults (average age: 21.6 years; n = 181), middle-aged adults (average age: 47.5 years; n = 189), and older adults (65 years old; n = 183). The findings show that world-class athletes are perceived as more facially attractive than amateur athletes, with women athletes perceived as more facially attractive than men, and these findings generally occur to a greater extent for female than male respondents. These findings hold for preadolescents, adolescents, young adults, and older adults. However, results were mixed for middle-aged adults where generally amateur athletes were evaluated more attractive than world-class and men athletes more attractive than women.
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References39
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Published on Nov 1, 2016in Biology Letters 3.32
James M. Smoliga20
Estimated H-index: 20
(High Point University),
Gerald S. Zavorsky22
Estimated H-index: 22
(GSU: Georgia State University)
Postma [[1][1]] argues that our interpretation of his and others' statistical results is not appropriate, and that relationships between facial attractiveness and sports performance may have evolutionary significance. However, we reached our conclusions [[2][2]] through realizing proposed theories
Published on Nov 1, 2015in Biology Letters 3.32
James M. Smoliga20
Estimated H-index: 20
(High Point University),
Gerald S. Zavorsky22
Estimated H-index: 22
(GSU: Georgia State University)
In recent years, various studies have attempted to understand human evolution by examining relationships between athletic performance or physical fitness and facial attractiveness. Over a wide range of five homogeneous groups (n = 327), there is an approximate 3% shared variance between facial attractiveness and athletic performance or physical fitness (95% CI = 0.5–8%, p = 0.002). Further, studies relating human performance and attractiveness often have major methodological limitations that lim...
Published on Nov 1, 2015in Kyklos 1.67
Linn-Brit Bakkenbüll2
Estimated H-index: 2
(WWU: University of Münster),
Stephanie Kiefer3
Estimated H-index: 3
(WWU: University of Münster)
This study examines whether there is a relationship between physical attractiveness of professional female tennis players ranked in the top 100 of the tennis world ranking in 2011 and their sporting success in terms of earned prize money and winning probabilities. OLS-regressions reveal a significantly positive relationship between physical attractiveness and sporting success in terms of prize money for the years 2012 and 2013 as well as for the whole career. Furthermore, a logit-model shows tha...
Published on Feb 5, 2014in Biology Letters 3.32
Erik Postma19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UZH: University of Zurich)
Females often prefer to mate with high quality males, and one aspect of quality is physical performance. Although a preference for physically fitter males is therefore predicted, the relationship between attractiveness and performance has rarely been quantified. Here, I test for such a relationship in humans and ask whether variation in (endurance) performance is associated with variation in facial attractiveness within elite professional cyclists that finished the 2012 Tour de France. I show th...
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Frontiers in Psychology 2.13
Dario Maestripieri50
Estimated H-index: 50
(U of C: University of Chicago),
Amanda C. E. Klimczuk5
Estimated H-index: 5
(U of C: University of Chicago)
+ 1 AuthorsM. Claire Wilson6
Estimated H-index: 6
(U of C: University of Chicago)
Facial attractiveness represents an important component of an individual’s overall attractiveness as a potential mating partner. Perceptions of facial attractiveness are expected to vary with age-related changes in health, reproductive value, and power. In this study, we investigated perceptions of facial attractiveness, power, and personality in two groups of women of pre- and post-menopausal ages (35-50 years and 51-65 years, respectively) and two corresponding groups of men. We tested three h...
Published on May 1, 2013in Behavioral Ecology 2.69
Isabel M. Scott9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UoB: University of Bristol),
Andrew P. Clark13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Brunel University London)
+ 1 AuthorsIan S. Penton-Voak34
Estimated H-index: 34
(UoB: University of Bristol)
In the literature on human mate choice, masculine facial morphology is often proposed to be an intersexual signal of heritable immunocompetence, and hence an important component of men’s attractiveness. This hypothesis has received considerable research attention, and is increasingly treated as plausible and well supported. In this article, we propose that the strength of the evidence for the immunocompetence hypothesis is somewhat overstated, and that a number of difficulties have been under-ac...
Published on Sep 1, 2012in Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 2.10
Anthony C. Little60
Estimated H-index: 60
(University of Stirling),
Annika Paukner20
Estimated H-index: 20
(NIH: National Institutes of Health)
+ 1 AuthorsStephen J. Suomi69
Estimated H-index: 69
(NIH: National Institutes of Health)
The face is an important visual trait in social communication across many species. In evolutionary terms, there are large and obvious selective advantages in detecting healthy partners, both in terms of avoiding individuals with poor health to minimise contagion and in mating with individuals with high health to help ensure healthy offspring. Many models of sexual selection suggest that an individual's phenotype provides cues to their quality. Fluctuating asymmetry is a trait that is proposed to...
Published on Mar 1, 2012in Cognitive Neuropsychology 2.13
Elinor McKone36
Estimated H-index: 36
(ANU: Australian National University),
Kate Crookes11
Estimated H-index: 11
(HKU: University of Hong Kong)
+ 1 AuthorsDaniel D. Dilks19
Estimated H-index: 19
(McGovern Institute for Brain Research)
Historically, it has been argued that face individuation develops very slowly, not reaching adult levels until adolescence, with experience being the driving force behind this protracted improvement. Here, we challenge this view based on extensive review of behavioural and neural findings. Results demonstrate qualitative presence of all key phenomena related to face individuation (encoding of novel faces, holistic processing effects, face-space effects, face-selective responses in neuroimaging) ...
Published on Mar 1, 2012in Social Science & Medicine 3.09
Ye Luo17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Clemson University),
Louise C. Hawkley43
Estimated H-index: 43
(U of C: University of Chicago)
+ 1 AuthorsJohn T. Cacioppo123
Estimated H-index: 123
(U of C: University of Chicago)
This study examined the relationship between loneliness, health, and mortality using a U.S. nationally representative sample of 2101 adults aged 50 years and over from the 2002 to 2008 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. We estimated the effect of loneliness at one point on mortality over the subsequent six years, and investigated social relationships, health behaviors, and health outcomes as potential mechanisms through which loneliness affects mortality risk among older Americans. We ope...
Published on Dec 1, 2011in Personality and Individual Differences 2.00
Joseph L. Nedelec11
Estimated H-index: 11
(FSU: Florida State University),
Kevin M. Beaver45
Estimated H-index: 45
(FSU: Florida State University)
Abstract Research exploring the effects of physical attractiveness frequently assesses attractiveness by employing subjective appraisals by independent raters. However, there is reason to believe that rater characteristics – especially their sex – may systematically bias subjective ratings of physical attractiveness. The current study explores this possibility by analyzing data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health ( N = 13,330). Analyses of these data revealed that ratings o...
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