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A cross-sectional study on the relationship between the risk of hypertension and obesity status among pre-adolescent girls from rural areas of Southeastern region of the United States

Published on Dec 1, 2018in Preventive medicine reports
· DOI :10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.09.006
E. Kipling Webster7
Estimated H-index: 7
(LSU: Louisiana State University),
Samuel W. Logan10
Estimated H-index: 10
(OSU: Oregon State University)
+ 1 AuthorsLeah E. Robinson19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UM: University of Michigan)
Abstract
Abstract This study investigated early indications of hypertension risk and the association of overweight and obesity in young girls from a low socioeconomic region of the rural South. 139 females (M age = 8.85 ± 1.67 years) from a rural school in the Southeastern region of the United States served as participants. Body mass index was calculated based on the child's height and weight measurements (kg/m2) and resting blood pressure measurements were taken with calibrated, automatic oscillations devices. Girls who were overweight or obese were 2.81 times more likely to have a systolic blood pressure indicative of being at-risk/hypertensive (i.e., pre-hypertension and/or hypertension stage 1) than girls who were not overweight/obese. In fact, the percentage of overweight/obese girls who were at-risk/hypertensive was double that of girls who were not overweight/obese (43.2% versus 21.3%), respectively. Being overweight or obese is associated with almost three times a higher risk of hypertension than girls who are not overweight or obese.
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