A cross-sectional study on the relationship between the risk of hypertension and obesity status among pre-adolescent girls from rural areas of Southeastern region of the United States

Published on Dec 1, 2018in Preventive medicine reports
· DOI :10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.09.006
E. Kipling Webster7
Estimated H-index: 7
(LSU: Louisiana State University),
Samuel W. Logan10
Estimated H-index: 10
(OSU: Oregon State University)
+ 1 AuthorsLeah E. Robinson19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UM: University of Michigan)
Abstract This study investigated early indications of hypertension risk and the association of overweight and obesity in young girls from a low socioeconomic region of the rural South. 139 females (M age = 8.85 ± 1.67 years) from a rural school in the Southeastern region of the United States served as participants. Body mass index was calculated based on the child's height and weight measurements (kg/m2) and resting blood pressure measurements were taken with calibrated, automatic oscillations devices. Girls who were overweight or obese were 2.81 times more likely to have a systolic blood pressure indicative of being at-risk/hypertensive (i.e., pre-hypertension and/or hypertension stage 1) than girls who were not overweight/obese. In fact, the percentage of overweight/obese girls who were at-risk/hypertensive was double that of girls who were not overweight/obese (43.2% versus 21.3%), respectively. Being overweight or obese is associated with almost three times a higher risk of hypertension than girls who are not overweight or obese.
  • References (37)
  • Citations (0)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
29 Citations
7 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Isabel MadeiraH-Index: 1
2 CitationsSource
#1Corrie Macdonald-Wallis (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 23
#2Emma Solomon-MooreH-Index: 6
Last. Russell Jago (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 49
view all 6 authors...
Childhood blood pressure is a marker of cardiovascular disease risk in later life. We examined how body mass index (BMI) and physical activity, and changes in these, are associated with blood pressure in primary school-aged children. Data are from 1223 children aged 9 years (Year 4) in Bristol, UK, 685 of whom had been assessed at 6 years (Year 1). Child height and weight were measured, and children wore accelerometers for five days, from which average counts per minute, and moderate-to-vigorous...
2 CitationsSource
#1Wei PerngH-Index: 14
#2Sheryl L. Rifas–Shiman (Harvard University)H-Index: 68
Last. Mandy B. Belfort (Harvard University)H-Index: 21
view all 7 authors...
In recent years, the prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension increased markedly among children and adolescents, highlighting the importance of identifying determinants of elevated blood pressure early in life. Low birth weight and rapid early childhood weight gain are associated with higher future blood pressure. However, few studies have examined the timing of postnatal weight gain in relation to later blood pressure, and little is known regarding the contribution of linear growth. We st...
31 CitationsSource
#1Ehud Chorin (Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center)H-Index: 9
#2Ayal Hassidim (Medical Corps)H-Index: 2
Last. Yaron Arbel (Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center)H-Index: 22
view all 7 authors...
24 CitationsSource
#1Dariush MozaffarianH-Index: 120
#2Emelia J. BenjaminH-Index: 154
Last. Melanie B. TurnerH-Index: 17
view all 40 authors...
2,999 CitationsSource
#1Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar (AN: RAND Corporation)H-Index: 24
#2Deborah A. CohenH-Index: 44
Last. Tamara DubowitzH-Index: 16
view all 7 authors...
Background Lack of access to healthy foods may explain why residents of low-income neighborhoods and African Americans in the U.S. have high rates of obesity. The findings on where people shop and how that may influence health are mixed. However, multiple policy initiatives are underway to increase access in communities that currently lack healthy options. Few studies have simultaneously measured obesity, distance, and prices of the store used for primary food shopping. Purpose To examine the re...
78 CitationsSource
#1Todd P. Gilmer (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 31
#2Patrick J. O'Connor (Regions Hospital)H-Index: 37
Last. Karen L. Margolis (Regions Hospital)H-Index: 31
view all 9 authors...
Objectives Despite the significant prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI) in children, few studies have assessed their combined impact on health care costs. This study estimates health care costs related to BP and BMI in children and adolescents.
2 Citations
#1Cynthia L. Ogden (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 63
#2Margaret D. Carroll (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 54
Last. Katherine M. Flegal (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 89
view all 4 authors...
Importance More than one-third of adults and 17% of youth in the United States are obese, although the prevalence remained stable between 2003-2004 and 2009-2010. Objective To provide the most recent national estimates of childhood obesity, analyze trends in childhood obesity between 2003 and 2012, and provide detailed obesity trend analyses among adults. Design, Setting, and Participants Weight and height or recumbent length were measured in 9120 participants in the 2011-2012 nationally represe...
5,431 CitationsSource
#1Stanley S. FranklinH-Index: 51
#2Lutgarde ThijsH-Index: 9
Last. Jan A. StaessenH-Index: 116
view all 5 authors...
> Two statisticians meet . > > -How do you do? > > -How do I do? Compared to whom? > > — Anonymous Thomas Pickering coined the term white-coat hypertension to denote individuals who were not on treatment for hypertension but who had elevated office blood pressure and normal daytime blood pressure measured with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). Clearly, these individuals would be at low cardiovascular risk.1 The traditional definition of white-coat hypertension is based, therefore, on ...
127 CitationsSource
#1Morgen GovindenH-Index: 1
#2Roopa GurmH-Index: 7
Last. Elizabeth A. JacksonH-Index: 22
view all 9 authors...
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated gender-related differences in body composition, physical activity, and diet. This observational study assesses gender variance in independent predictors for obesity to determine targeted areas for intervention. METHODS: Data from 1714 sixth-grade students enrolled in Project Healthy Schools were compared by using health behaviors and physiologic markers (lipids, random glucose, blood pressure, and resting and recovery heart rates). Students were str...
33 CitationsSource
Cited By0
Abstract In order to study the potential of replacing pork back-fat by sodium alginate solution (sodium alginate/water = 1/29, W/W), the physico-chemical, protein conformation and sensory of frankfurters made with various amounts of pork back-fat and sodium alginate were evaluated. With the increase of sodium alginate solute, the fat and energy was decreased significantly (P .05) when pork back-fat was replaced by 25% and 50%, meanwhile, a decrease of α-helix content accompanied by an increase o...