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Published on May 1, 2018in Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases 6.16
Edward Archer17
Estimated H-index: 17
Abstract Sugars are foundational to biological life and played essential roles in human evolution and dietary patterns for most of recorded history. The simple sugar glucose is so central to human health that it is one of the World Health Organization's Essential Medicines. Given these facts, it defies both logic and a large body of scientific evidence to claim that sugars and other nutrients that played fundamental roles in the substantial improvements in life- and health-spans over the past ce...
Published on Aug 1, 2016
James J DiNicolantonio1
Estimated H-index: 1
Amy Berger1
Estimated H-index: 1
Obesity has traditionally been thought of as a state of caloric imbalance, where the intake of calories exceeds the expenditure or ‘burning’ of calories. However, a more nuanced appreciation for the complex biochemistry and physiology of cellular energy generation suggests that obesity is a state of hormonal imbalance causing increased shunting of food energy into adipose tissue for storage, resulting in decreased satiety and ultimately leading to increased caloric intake. Adding to this hypothe...
Published on Aug 25, 2015in Circulation 23.05
Gitanjali M. Singh53
Estimated H-index: 53
(Tufts University),
Renata Micha37
Estimated H-index: 37
(Tufts University)
+ 3 AuthorsDariush Mozaffarian113
Estimated H-index: 113
(Tufts University)
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are consumed globally and contribute to adiposity. However, the worldwide impact of SSBs on burdens of adiposity-related cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), cancers, and diabetes mellitus has not been assessed by nation, age, and sex.
Published on Jul 1, 2014in The Saudi Dental Journal
AL-Dany A. Atwa1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Al-Azhar University),
Ramadan Y. AbuShahba1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Al-Azhar University)
+ 1 AuthorsMohamed I. Hashem2
Estimated H-index: 2
(KSU: King Saud University)
Abstract Objectives This study was conducted to investigate the following: (1) the effects of chewing honey on plaque formation in orthodontic patients, (2) the effect of chewing honey on dental plaque bacterial counts, (3) determine if honey possesses antibacterial effects on bacteria recovered from plaques. Methods Female orthodontic patients ( n = 20, 12–18 years of age) participated in this randomized controlled study. The effects of honey were compared to treatment with either 10% sucrose o...
Published on Apr 1, 2014in Diabetes Care 15.27
George A. Bray114
Estimated H-index: 114
(LSU: Louisiana State University),
Barry M. Popkin319
Estimated H-index: 319
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
Sugar-sweetened drinks have been associated with several health problems. In the point narrative as presented below, we provide our opinion and review of the data to date that we need to reconsider consumption of dietary sugar based on the growing concern of obesity and type 2 diabetes. In the counterpoint narrative following our contribution, Drs. Kahn and Sievenpiper provide a defense and suggest that dietary sugar is not the culprit. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Sur...
Sarfarz Ahmed1
Estimated H-index: 1
Nor Hayati Othman19
Estimated H-index: 19
Tualang honey (TH) is a Malaysian multifloral jungle honey. In recent years, there has been a marked increase in the number of studies published in medical databases regarding its potential health benefits. The honey is produced by the rock bee (Apis dorsata), which builds hives on branches of tall Tualang trees located mainly in the north-western region of Peninsular Malaysia. This review collates the results of the various studies of TH that range from research on tissue culture to randomised ...
Published on Feb 27, 2013in PLOS ONE 2.78
Sanjay Basu56
Estimated H-index: 56
(Stanford University),
Paula Yoffe1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of California, Berkeley)
+ 1 AuthorsRobert H. Lustig56
Estimated H-index: 56
(UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)
While experimental and observational studies suggest that sugar intake is associated with the development of type 2 diabetes, independent of its role in obesity, it is unclear whether alterations in sugar intake can account for differences in diabetes prevalence among overall populations. Using econometric models of repeated cross-sectional data on diabetes and nutritional components of food from 175 countries, we found that every 150 kcal/person/day increase in sugar availability (about one can...
Published on Feb 1, 2013in Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 1.59
Mamdouh Abdulmaksoud Abdulrhman5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Ain Shams University),
Mohamed El Hefnawy2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 3 AuthorsDoaa Refai1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ain Shams University)
Abstract This study was a case control cross sectional study that was conducted on 50 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and 30 controls without diabetes. The mean age of patients was 10.02 years. Oral sugar tolerance tests using glucose, sucrose and honey and measurement of fasting and postprandial serum C-peptide levels were done for all subjects in three separate sittings. The glycemic index (GI) and the peak incremental index (PII) were then calculated for each subject. Honey, compared t...
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Journal of Dentistry 3.28
Fatemeh Ahmadi-Motamayel1
Estimated H-index: 1
Seyedeh Sare Hendi1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsZahra Khamverdi5
Estimated H-index: 5
Objective: Honey has antibacterial activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of honey on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, solutions containing 0%, 5%, 10%, 20%, 50% and100%(w/v) of natural Hamadan honey were prepared. Each blood (nutrient) agar plate was then filled with dilutions of the honey. The strains of bacteria were inoculated in blood agar for 24 hours at 37 o C and were adjusted according to the McFar...
Published on Apr 1, 2007in Journal of Food Science 2.08
Lynne Chepulis6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Waikato)
ABSTRACT: To determine whether honey, sucrose, and mixed sugars as in honey have different effects on weight gain, 40 6-wk-old Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a powdered diet that was either sugar free or contained 8% sucrose, 8% mixed sugars as in honey, or 10% honey freely for 6 wk. Weight gain and food intake were assessed weekly, and at completion of the study blood samples were removed for measurement of blood sugar (HbA1c) and a fasting lipid profile. The animals were then minced and total pe...