Match!

The Efficacy of Energy-Restricted Diets in Achieving Preoperative Weight Loss for Bariatric Patients: a Systematic Review.

Published on Nov 1, 2018in Obesity Surgery3.60
· DOI :10.1007/s11695-018-3451-1
Fathimath Naseer1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ulster University),
Asim Shabbir19
Estimated H-index: 19
(NUS: National University of Singapore)
+ 3 AuthorsOrla Flannery1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Chester)
View in Source
Abstract
In bariatric practice, a preoperative weight loss of at least 5% is recommended. However, the hypocaloric diets prescribed vary and no consensus exists. This study examined the efficacy of preoperative diets in achieving 5% weight loss. From a systematic literature search, eight randomised controlled trials (n = 862) were identified. Half of the trials used a “very-low-calorie diet” whilst the rest employed a “low-calorie diet”. Only five diets achieved ≥ 5% weight loss over varying durations and energy intakes. By inference, compliance with a 700–1050 kcal (2929–4393 kJ) diet, consisting of moderate carbohydrate, high protein and low/moderate fat, for 3 weeks is likely to achieve 5% weight loss. A low-carbohydrate diet (< 20 g/day) may achieve this target within a shorter duration. Additional research is required to validate these conclusions.
  • References (62)
  • Citations (1)
References62
Newest
#1Emma L. Baldry (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 2
#2Guruprasad P. Aithal (NUH: Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust)H-Index: 40
Last.Ian A. Macdonald (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 70
view all 7 authors...
6 CitationsSource
8 Citations
6 CitationsSource
#1A ThorellH-Index: 1
#2Andrew D. MacCormick (University of Auckland)H-Index: 15
Last.Dileep N Lobo Frcs (Queen's University)H-Index: 55
view all 10 authors...
105 CitationsSource
#1Ruben SchoutenH-Index: 9
view all 4 authors...
8 CitationsSource
#1W. GarveyH-Index: 52
Last.Raymond A. PlodkowskiH-Index: 3
view all 9 authors...
206 CitationsSource
#1Lynda J. Ross (Griffith University)H-Index: 11
#2Siobhan Wallin (Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital)H-Index: 1
Last.Muhammed Ashraf MemonH-Index: 31
view all 4 authors...
14 CitationsSource
#1Julie Kim (Tufts University)H-Index: 16
#2Ann M. Rogers (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 17
Last.Bruce D. Schirmer (University of Virginia Health System)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
31 CitationsSource
#1Carlyne RemediosH-Index: 6
#2Aparna Govil Bhasker (Saifee Hospital)H-Index: 9
Last.Muffazal Lakdawala (Saifee Hospital)H-Index: 11
view all 5 authors...
13 CitationsSource
#1Julie B. Schmidt (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 5
#2Sue D. Pedersen (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 6
Last.Anders Sjödin (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 30
view all 14 authors...
38 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
#1Massimiliano Caprio (OU: Open University)H-Index: 25
#2Marco Infante (University of Rome Tor Vergata)H-Index: 2
Last.Andrea Lenzi (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 57
view all 36 authors...
2 CitationsSource