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Analytical Models of the Performance of C-V2X Mode 4 Vehicular Communications

Published on Feb 1, 2019in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology5.34
· DOI :10.1109/TVT.2018.2888704
Manuel Gonzalez-Martin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche),
Miguel Sepulcre14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche)
+ 1 AuthorsJavier Gozalvez21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche)
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Abstract
The C-V2X or LTE-V standard has been designed to support vehicle to everything (V2X) communications. The standard is an evolution of LTE, and it has been published by the 3GPP in Release 14. This new standard introduces the C-V2X or LTE-V Mode 4 that is specifically designed for V2V communications using the PC5 sidelink interface without any cellular infrastructure support. In Mode 4, vehicles autonomously select and manage their radio resources. Mode 4 is highly relevant since V2V safety applications cannot depend on the availability of infrastructure-based cellular coverage. This paper presents the first analytical models of the communication performance of C-V2X or LTE-V Mode 4. In particular, the paper presents analytical models for the average packet delivery ratio (PDR) as a function of the distance between transmitter and receiver, and for the four different types of transmission errors that can be encountered in C-V2X Mode 4. The models are validated for a wide range of transmission parameters and traffic densities. To this aim, this study compares the results obtained with the analytical models to those obtained with a C-V2X Mode 4 simulator implemented over Veins.
  • References (12)
  • Citations (6)
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References12
Newest
Published on Aug 1, 2018 in VTC (Vehicular Technology Conference)
Amr Nabil1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Komalbir Kaur + 1 AuthorsVuk Marojevic10
Estimated H-index: 10
(MSU: Mississippi State University)
The 3rd Generation Partnership Project released the cellular vehicular-to-everything (C-V2X) specifications as part of the LTE framework in Release 14. C-V2X is the alternative to dedicated short range communications and both are specifically designed for V2X control signaling. C-V2X extends the device-to-de-vice specifications by adding two more modes of operation targeting the vehicular environment in coverage and out of coverage of LTE base stations. Vehicle-to-vehicle communications (V2V) is...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials22.97
Gaurang Naik5
Estimated H-index: 5
(VT: Virginia Tech),
Jinshan Liu3
Estimated H-index: 3
(VT: Virginia Tech),
Jung-Min Jerry Park15
Estimated H-index: 15
(VT: Virginia Tech)
As the 2.4 GHz spectrum band has become significantly congested, there is growing interest from the Wi-Fi proponents, cellular operators, and other stakeholders to use the spectrum in the 5 GHz bands. The 5 GHz bands have emerged as the most coveted bands for launching new wireless applications and services, because of their relatively favorable propagation characteristics and the relative abundance of spectrum therein. To meet the exploding demand for more unlicensed spectrum, regulators across...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine6.14
Rafael Molina-Masegosa2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche),
Javier Gozalvez21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche)
This article provides an overview of the long-term evolution-vehicle (LTE-V) standard supporting sidelink or vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications using LTE's direct interface named PC5 in LTE. We review the physical layer changes introduced under Release 14 for LTE-V, its communication modes 3 and 4, and the LTE-V evolutions under discussion in Release 15 to support fifth-generation (5G) vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications and autonomous vehicles' applications. Modes 3 and 4 support di...
Published on Nov 1, 2017in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology5.34
Alessandro Bazzi14
Estimated H-index: 14
(National Research Council),
Barbara M. Masini14
Estimated H-index: 14
(National Research Council)
+ 1 AuthorsIlaria Thibault8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Vodafone)
To improve safety on the roads, next-generation vehicles will be equipped with short-range communication technologies. Many applications enabled by such communication will be based on a continuous broadcast of information about the own status from each vehicle to the neighborhood, often referred as cooperative awareness or beaconing. Although the only standardized technology allowing direct vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication has been IEEE 802.11p until now, the latest release of long-term ev...
Published on Jun 1, 2017
Rafael Molina-Masegosa2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Javier Gozalvez21
Estimated H-index: 21
The 3GPP has recently published the first version of the Release 14 standard that includes support for V2V communications using LTE sidelink communications (referred to as LTE-V, LTE-V2X, LTE-V2V or Cellular V2X). The standard includes a mode (mode 4) where vehicles autonomously select and manage the radio resources without any cellular infrastructure support. This is highly relevant since V2V safety applications cannot depend on the availability of infrastructure-based cellular coverage, and tr...
Published on Jun 1, 2017
Min Wang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ericsson),
Martin Winbjork1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 5 AuthorsYunpeng Zang11
Estimated H-index: 11
(RWTH Aachen University)
Intelligent transport systems (ITS) have recently attracted much attention, partly arising from the demands of improving road traffic safety and efficiency. 3GPP is addressing the communication needs associated to ITS and vehicle to vehicle (V2V) services as part of LTE Rel-14 enhancements, including unicast, multicast, and sidelink transport options. This paper summarizes the present status of 3GPP standardization, evaluates the different LTE based transport options, and compares the performanc...
Published on Mar 1, 2017in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology5.34
Wenfeng Li3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Tongji University),
Xiaomin Ma17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Oral Roberts University)
+ 3 AuthorsQingwen Liu11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Tongji University)
In a traffic jam or dense vehicle environment, vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) cannot meet the safety requirement due to serious packet collisions. The traditional cellular network solves packet collisions but suffers from long end-to-end delay. Third-Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long-Term Evolution (LTE) overcomes both drawbacks; thus, it may be used, instead of VANETs, in some extreme environments. We use Markov models with dynamic scheduling and semipersistent scheduling (SPS) to ...
Published on Dec 1, 2015in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters3.55
Alessandro Bazzi14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Barbara M. Masini14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Alberto Zanella11
Estimated H-index: 11
Vehicles will soon be equipped with wireless communication systems enabling a variety of new services. At the basis of each service is the transmission of beacon messages that advertise the vehicle's presence. In this letter, we investigate long term evolution (LTE) as the enabling technology for vehicle to vehicle (V2V) beaconing by exploiting: 1) the direct device to device (D2D) communication provided by Release 12 of LTE; and 2) the full duplex (FD) radio, which allows a wireless device to t...
Published on Jun 1, 2014 in ICC (International Conference on Communications)
Scott Fowler11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Linköping University),
Carl Henrik Häll6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Linköping University)
+ 2 AuthorsAbdelhamid Mellouk18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Paris-Est)
The 4G standard Long Term Evolution (LTE) has been developed for high-bandwidth mobile access for today's data-heavy applications, consequently, a better experience for the end user. Since cellular communication is ready available, LTE communication has been designed to work at high speeds for vehicular communication. The challenge is that the protocols in LTE/LTE-Advanced should not only provide good packet delivery but also adapt to changes in the network topology due to vehicle volume and veh...
Published on Dec 1, 2013in IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine6.14
Gaurav Bansal16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Toyota),
John B. Kenney11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Toyota)
Dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) is a powerful new technology that allows vehicles to communicate with each other. [DSRC is the U.S. vehicle communication technology operating in the 5.9-GHz Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) band; the analogous technology in Europe is called Cooperative ITS, and the band is referred to as ITS G5.] In particular, they exchange safety messages that allow collision threats to be identified and avoided. Channel congestion is a significant challenge ...
Cited By6
Newest
Published on 2019in Electronics
Amir Haider1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Seung-Hoon Hwang8
Estimated H-index: 8
For cellular-based vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X) communication, vital information about status and intention is periodically broadcasted by each vehicle using the cooperative awareness message (CAM) service. In C-V2X, the task of resource allocation can either be carried out in a centralized manner by the network, termed Mode 3, or by the vehicles themselves in a distributed manner without any core network support, termed Mode 4. Mode 4 scheduling is accomplished by employing sensing-based semi-...
Published on Apr 1, 2019
Mohammad Irfan Khan (TUM: Technische Universität München), Francois-Xavier Aubet (TUM: Technische Universität München)+ 1 AuthorsJérôme Härri (TUM: Technische Universität München)
IEEE 802.11p based V2X communication uses stochastic medium access control, which cannot prevent broadcast packet collision, in particular during high channel load. Wireless congestion control has been designed to keep the channel load at an optimal point. However, vehicles’ lack of precise and granular knowledge about true channel activity, in time and space, makes it impossible to fully avoid packet collisions. In this paper, we propose a machine learning approach using deep neural network for...
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Luca Baldesi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Trento),
Leonardo Maccari10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Trento),
R. Lo Cigno24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Trento)
Published on Jun 18, 2019
Behrad Toghi3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Muhammad Ozair Mughal5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 1 AuthorsYaser P. Fallah16
Estimated H-index: 16
Cellular Vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X) communication is a major V2X solution proposed by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). Scalability of C-V2X has been questioned and investigated in previous works to study how efficient and reliable this solution will accommodate potentially thousands of vehicles in a dense vehicular network. However, existing studies mostly take a network-level approach to the problem and do not assess the temporal and spatial dynamics of C-V2X networks under hea...
Behrad Toghi3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Saifuddin1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsMuhammad Ozair Mughal5
Estimated H-index: 5
Cellular Vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X) communication has been proposed in the 3rd Generation Partnership Project release 14 standard to address the latency and reliability requirements of cooperative safety applications. Such applications can involve highly congested vehicular scenarios where the network experiences high data loads. Thus, a sophisticated congestion control solution is vital in order to maintain the network performance required for safety-related applications. With the aid of our...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in IEEE Access4.10
Alessandro Bazzi14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Giammarco Cecchini1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsBarbara M. Masini14
Estimated H-index: 14
In the latest years, 3GPP has added short-range cellular-V2X (C-V2X) to the features of LTE and 5G to allow vehicles, roadside devices, and vulnerable users to directly exchange information using the same chipset as for classical long-range connections. C-V2X is based on the use of advanced physical layer techniques and orthogonal resources, and one of the main aspects affecting its performance is the way resources are allocated. Allocations can be either managed by the network or in a distribut...
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