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Fatal cyclist crashes in Australia

Published on Dec 28, 2018in Traffic Injury Prevention1.465
· DOI :10.1080/15389588.2018.1497166
Steve O׳Hern4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Monash University),
Jennie Oxley6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Monash University)
Abstract
AbstractObjectives: The number of casualty road crashes in Australia has steadily reduced over the past few decades; however, a concurrent reduction has not been achieved for crashes involving cyclists. This has resulted in a disproportionate overrepresentation of cyclists in fatal injury statistics. This article explores the contributing factors and injury mechanisms among coronial reported fatal cyclist crashes in Australia.Methods: The National Coronial Information System (NCIS) is a remote data entry and retrieval system containing detailed coronial information managed by the Victorian Department of Justice and Regulation. All coroner-reported closed cases involving a cyclist fatality in Australia from 2006 to 2015 were extracted from the database. In total, 336 cases in the NCIS database involving a cyclist fatality that occurred within the road reserve throughout Australia were identified and extracted for analysis.Variables in the analyses included age, gender, mechanism of injury, medical cause of...
  • References (24)
  • Citations (4)
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References24
Newest
#1Gabriele Prati (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 19
#2Víctor Marín Puchades (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 7
Last. Luca Pietrantoni (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 18
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACTBicycle–motorised vehicle (BMV) collisions account for the majority of the recorded bicyclists’ fatalities and serious injuries. This systematic review intends to examine the main factors contributing to BMV collisions. We performed a comprehensive literature review on Scopus, TRID, ProQuest, and Web of Science databases. Fifty-nine English-language peer-reviewed articles met the eligibility criteria and were included in the final analysis. The main factors contributing to BMV collisions...
11 CitationsSource
#1Biswadev Mitra (Monash University)H-Index: 24
#2Kate E. Charters (Monash University)H-Index: 2
Last. Peter Cameron (Monash University)H-Index: 64
view all 5 authors...
Objective To determine the proportion of non-motorised road users involved in road traffic crashes that presents to hospital intoxicated. Methods We undertook a retrospective cohort study using data collected from the Alfred Trauma Registry. All patients presenting to an adult major trauma centre in Victoria, Australia from July 2009 to June 2014 who were involved in a road traffic crash as a non-motorised road user – pedestrians, pedal-cyclists, non-motorised scooter users, horse riders – were ...
5 CitationsSource
#1Soufiane Boufous (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 39
#2Jake Olivier (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 30
The study examines trends in bicycling fatalities reported to the Australian police between 1991 and 2013. Trends were estimated using Poisson regression modelling. Overall, cycling fatalities decreased by 1.9% annually between 1991 and 2013. However, while deaths following multivehicle crashes decreased at a rate of 2.9% per annum (95% CI −4.0% to −1.8%), deaths from single vehicle crashes increased by 5.8% per annum (95% CI 4.1% to 7.5%). Over the study period, the average age of cyclists who ...
8 CitationsSource
#1Steve O׳Hern (Monash University)H-Index: 4
#2Jennifer Anne Oxley (Monash University)H-Index: 20
Abstract Transport and mobility needs for all aged road users are diverse and may change with increasing age. With an increasing ageing population throughout much of the developed world combined with increasing life expectancies, there is a growing need to understand the transportation requirements of older adults. Moreover, while car use is still the most popular form of transport for older adults, alternative transport modes are offered and promoted, and their use is increasing. This paper exp...
20 CitationsSource
#1Chih Wei Pai (TMU: Taipei Medical University)H-Index: 9
#2Rong Chang Jou (NCNU: National Chi Nan University)H-Index: 2
Literature has suggested that bicyclists' red-light violations (RLVs) tend not to cause accidents although RLV is a frequent and typical bicyclist's behaviour. High association between bicyclist RLVs and accidents were, however, revealed in Taiwan. The current research explores bicyclists' RLVs by classifying crossing behaviours into three distinct manners: risk-taking, opportunistic, and law-obeying. Other variables, as well as bicyclists' crossing behaviours, were captured through the use of v...
42 CitationsSource
#1Paul Schepers (Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment)H-Index: 14
#2Marjan Hagenzieker (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 16
Last. Fred Wegman (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 12
view all 5 authors...
Scientific literature lacks a model which combines exposure to risk, risk, and the relationship between them. This paper presents a conceptual road safety framework comprising mutually interacting factors for exposure to risk resulting from travel behaviour (volumes, modal split, and distribution of traffic over time and space) and for risk (crash and injury risk). The framework's three determinants for travel behaviour are locations of activities; resistances (generalized transport costs); need...
45 CitationsSource
#1Soufiane Boufous (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 39
#2Liz de Rome (The George Institute for Global Health)H-Index: 12
Last. Rebecca Ivers (The George Institute for Global Health)H-Index: 35
view all 4 authors...
The aim of the study is to compare trends, circumstances and outcomes of single- versus multi-vehicle bicycle on-road crashes in Victoria, Australia, through the analysis of police records and hospital admissions between January 2004 and December 2008. The results show that over 80% of on-road single-vehicle bicycle crashes occurred as a result of the cyclist losing control of the bicycle with the remainder involving collisions with objects. Compared with multi-vehicle crashes, single-vehicle cr...
17 CitationsSource
#1Kelly D. Cobey (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 16
#2Gert StulpH-Index: 20
Last. Thomas V. Pollet (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 29
view all 5 authors...
The majority of research examining sex differences in risk-taking behavior focuses on overt physical risk measures in which failed risk attempts may result in serious injury or death. The present research describes sex differences in patterns of risk taking in day-to-day behavior among Dutch cyclists. Through three observational studies we test sex differences in risk taking in situations of financial risk (fines for failing to use bike lights, Study 1), theft risk (bike locking behavior, Study ...
21 CitationsSource
#1Soufiane Boufous (The George Institute for Global Health)H-Index: 39
#2Liz de Rome (The George Institute for Global Health)H-Index: 12
Last. Rebecca Ivers (The George Institute for Global Health)H-Index: 35
view all 4 authors...
This study examines the impact of cyclist, road and crash characteristics on the injury severity of cyclists involved in traffic crashes reported to the police in Victoria, Australia between 2004 and 2008. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to identify predictors of severe injury (serious injury and fatality) in cyclist crashes reported to the police. There were 6432 cyclist crashes reported to the police in Victoria between 2004 and 2008 with 2181 (33.9%) resulting in severe injury of...
45 CitationsSource
#1Kristiann C. Heesch (QUT: Queensland University of Technology)H-Index: 27
#2Shannon Sahlqvist (Medical Research Council)H-Index: 22
Last. Jan Garrard (Deakin University)H-Index: 18
view all 3 authors...
Background Gender differences in cycling are well-documented. However, most analyses of gender differences make broad comparisons, with few studies modeling male and female cycling patterns separately for recreational and transport cycling. This modeling is important, in order to improve our efforts to promote cycling to women and men in countries like Australia with low rates of transport cycling. The main aim of this study was to examine gender differences in cycling patterns and in motivators...
105 CitationsSource
Cited By4
Newest
#1Amanda N. Stephens (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 17
#2Steve O׳Hern (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 4
Last. Sjaan Koppel (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 23
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Anger is a common behaviour exhibited by road users when one’s goals are perceived to have been blocked by another. Recent research has demonstrated that, generally, cyclists tend to deal with anger in constructive ways. However, when anger does manifest, it can result in behaviours that increase their crash risk. Amongst motor vehicle drivers, mindfulness levels have been associated with less anger and appear to mediate anger and associated aggression. The current study sought to under...
Source
#1Yubing Zheng (SEU: Southeast University)H-Index: 2
#2Yang Ma (SEU: Southeast University)H-Index: 2
Last. Jianchuan Cheng (SEU: Southeast University)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
In recent years, the increasing rate of road crashes involving cyclists with a disproportionate overrepresentation in injury statistics has become a major concern in road safety and public health. However, much remains unknown about factors contributing to cyclists’ high crash rates, especially those related to personal characteristics. This study aims to explore the influence of cyclist personality traits and cycling behaviors on their road safety outcomes using a mediated model combining these...
Source
Objective To quantify the magnitude of associations between cyclist fatalities and both cyclist and environment related characteristics in Spain during the first 24 hours after a crash. Design Cohort study. Setting Spain. Participants 65 977 cyclists injured in road crashes recorded between 1993 and 2013 in the Spanish Register of Road Crashes with Victims. Main outcome Death within the first 24 hours after the crash. Methods A multiple imputation procedure was used to mitigate the effect of mis...
1 CitationsSource
#1Steve O׳Hern (Monash University)H-Index: 4
#2Karen Stephan (Monash University)H-Index: 12
Last. Jennie Oxley (Monash University)H-Index: 6
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AbstractObjectives: Mixed-use urban environments, such as arterial roads with adjacent commercial land uses, represent crash locations with the highest risk. These locations are often characterized...
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#1Amanda N. Stephens (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 17
#2Steve O׳Hern (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 4
Last. Sjaan Koppel (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 23
view all 5 authors...
Abstract There is a paucity of research regarding aggressive behaviours of on-road cyclists and the consequences that aggression may have on their safety. To address this, we examined self-reported anger-based aggression in a sample of “active” cyclists (N = 623: males = 69%) defined as those who regularly ride a bicycle on-road (all rode at least once a week, 64% rode between 4–7 days per week). Using the Cyclist Anger Expression Inventory (CAX) three broad types of anger-based aggression were ...
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#1Steve O׳Hern (Monash University)H-Index: 4
#2Amanda N. Stephens (Monash University)H-Index: 17
Last. Sjaan Koppel (Monash University)H-Index: 23
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Over the past two decades, there has been a substantial amount of research showing the detrimental influence of trait driver anger on road safety. However, very few studies have investigated this phenomenon in more vulnerable road user groups, such as cyclists. This study administered the Cycling Anger Scale (CAS) to a sample of 636 active cyclists (who regularly ride on-road) to understand the situations that provoke anger in cyclists, and whether this anger differed according to their...
1 CitationsSource