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6G Vision and Requirements: Is There Any Need for Beyond 5G?

Published on Sep 1, 2018in IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine6.14
· DOI :10.1109/MVT.2018.2848498
Klaus David20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Kassel),
Hendrik Berndt1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Kassel)
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Abstract
To address the question in the subtitle of this article, we start by discussing earlier mobile communication systems, beginning with the first analog wireless cellular standards, then moving on to second generation (2G) [or Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)], passing third generation (3G) and fourth generation (4G), and proceeding to fifth generation (5G). First, we present each generation's key achievements in terms of user services, each generation's technologyrelated factors of success (called innovations) as well as its relation to regulation, and each generation's potential deficiencies.
  • References (5)
  • Citations (18)
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References5
Newest
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Reviews in Physics
Harald Haas56
Estimated H-index: 56
(Edin.: University of Edinburgh)
Abstract In this paper we will first explain what Light-Fidelity (LiFi) is and argue that it is a 5th Generation (5G) technology. Peak transmission speeds of 8 Gbps from a single light source have been demonstrated, and complete cellular networks based on LiFi have been created. We will discuss numerous misconceptions and illustrate the potential impact this technology can have across a number of existing and emerging industries. We also discuss new applications which LiFi can unlock in the futu...
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Progress in Quantum Electronics5.11
Harald Haas56
Estimated H-index: 56
(Edin.: University of Edinburgh),
Cheng Chen7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Edin.: University of Edinburgh),
Dominic C. O'Brien30
Estimated H-index: 30
(University of Oxford)
Abstract The lack of wireless spectrum in the radio frequency bands has led to a rapid growth in research in wireless networking using light, known as LiFi (light fidelity). In this paper an overview of the subsystems, challenges and techniques required to achieve this is presented.
Published on Dec 1, 2016in IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine6.14
Qingwen Liu11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Jun Wu10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Tongji University)
+ 4 AuthorsLajos Hanzo65
Estimated H-index: 65
(University of Southampton)
Increasing the battery-recharge period of smartphones is becoming a challenge since their power consumption is increased as a result of enhanced functions that require sophisticated multimedia signal processing. An attractive solution is constituted by wireless charging, which is capable of replenishing the battery over the ether. Given this motivation, we present the fundamental physics and the related system structure of a promising wireless charging technique, i.e., distributed laser charging...
Published on Jul 29, 2014
Klaus David20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Kurt Geihs24
Estimated H-index: 24
+ 4 AuthorsArno Wacker10
Estimated H-index: 10
By using various data inputs, ubiquitous computing systems detect their current usage context, automatically adapt their services to the users situational needs and interact with other services or resources in their environment on an ad-hoc basis. Designing such self-adaptive, context-aware knowledge processing systems is, in itself, a formidable challenge. This book presents core findings from the VENUS project at the Interdisciplinary Research Center for Information System Design (ITeG) at Kas...
Published on Apr 25, 2008
Hendrik Berndt1
Estimated H-index: 1
Find out how the exciting new developments towards 4G mobile services and technologies will put the user at centre stage. Towards 4G Technologies provides a comprehensive explanation of future networking and service delivering technologies for next generation mobile systems. The authors explain how personalization, mobile middleware, peer-to-peer services, semantic computing, and content-awareness fit into this new concept and why they will become a necessity for future mobile services. The book...
Cited By18
Newest
Published on May 4, 2019in Wireless Personal Communications0.93
Yasser F. Al-Eryani1
Estimated H-index: 1
We consider a single-antenna power transmitter (PT), a single-antenna information transmitter (IT) and a multiple-antenna information receiver (IR). The IT is autonomous without an energy source, and thus uses harvest-and-transmit protocol. It first harvests energy from the signals of the PT, and then uses all harvested energy for information transmission to the IR. For Nakagami-m fading channels, we analyze the system performance rigorously. In particular, we derive the exact probability densit...
Zhijin Qin11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Xiangwei Zhou14
Estimated H-index: 14
+ 3 AuthorsGeoffrey Ye Li43
Estimated H-index: 43
(Georgia Institute of Technology)
It has been 20 years since the concept of cognitive radio (CR) was proposed, which is an efficient approach to provide more access opportunities to connect massive wireless devices. To improve the spectrum efficiency, CR enables unlicensed usage of licensed spectrum resources. It has been regarded as the key enabler for intelligent communications. In this article, we will provide an overview on the intelligent communication in the past two decades to illustrate the revolution of its capability f...
Mostafa Zaman Chowdhury14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Md. Shahjalal2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 1 AuthorsYeong Min Jang15
Estimated H-index: 15
Fifth-generation (5G) communication, which has many more features than fourth-generation communication, will be officially launched very soon. A new paradigm of wireless communication, the sixth-generation (6G) system, with the full support of artificial intelligence is expected to be deployed between 2027 and 2030. In beyond 5G, there are some fundamental issues, which need to be addressed are higher system capacity, higher data rate, lower latency, and improved quality of service (QoS) compare...
Mohmammad N. Patwary , Syed Junaid Nawaz9
Estimated H-index: 9
+ 3 AuthorsStuart J. Barnes23
Estimated H-index: 23
The anticipated deployment cost of 5G communication networks in the UK is predicted to be in between {\pounds}30bn- {\pounds}50bn, whereas the current annual capital expenditure of the mobile network operators (MNOs) is {\pounds}2.5bn. This prospect has vastly impacted and has become one of the major delaying factors for building the 5G physical infrastructure, whereas other areas of 5G developments are progressing at their speed. In this paper, an extensive study is conducted to explore the pos...
Published on Sep 5, 2019
Yuan Gao6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Hong Ao1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 4 AuthorsJiang Cao (Academy of Military Science)
The increasing amount of mobile terminals has brought significant traffic load to base stations, which will lead to data failure. Considering the increasing ability of mobile terminals, cooperation between mobile terminals will help increase the spectrum efficiency and reduce latency. In this work, we have raised a novel node selection and transmission fusion method using artificial intelligence. First of all, we draw the status of mobile terminals reflected by thermal pattern, then we propose t...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine6.14
Zhengquan Zhang5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Yue Xiao18
Estimated H-index: 18
+ 5 AuthorsPingzhi Fan35
Estimated H-index: 35
Published on Aug 26, 2019
The authors in [9] introduced basic concept of delta-orthogonal multiple access (D-OMA) scheme. This scheme for massive wireless connectivity in wireless communications allows the implementation of 6G cellular networks. The practical implementation of 6G cellular networks requires solving many problems, including downlink power allocation of all multiple access points (APs). In this paper, an optimal downlink power allocation model is developed. To overcome the substantial computational complexi...
Published on Aug 1, 2019in IEEE Communications Magazine10.36
Khaled Ben Letaief60
Estimated H-index: 60
,
Chen Wei23
Estimated H-index: 23
+ 2 AuthorsYing-Jun Angela Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
The recent upsurge of diversified mobile applications, especially those supported by AI, is spurring heated discussions on the future evolution of wireless communications. While 5G is being deployed around the world, efforts from industry and academia have started to look beyond 5G and conceptualize 6G. We envision 6G to undergo an unprecedented transformation that will make it substantially different from the previous generations of wireless cellular systems. In particular, 6G will go beyond mo...
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