Deploying Fog Computing in Industrial Internet of Things and Industry 4.0

Published on Oct 1, 2018in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics7.38
· DOI :10.1109/TII.2018.2855198
Mohammad Aazam15
Estimated H-index: 15
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University),
Sherali Zeadally46
Estimated H-index: 46
(UK: University of Kentucky),
Khaled A. Harras20
Estimated H-index: 20
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)
Rapid technological advances have revolutionized the industrial sector. These advances range from automation of industrial processes to autonomous industrial processes, where a human input is not required. Internet of Things (IoT), which has emerged a few years ago, has been embraced by industry, resulting in what is known as the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). IIoT refers to making industrial processes and entities part of the Internet. Restricting the definition of IIoT to manufacturing yields another subset of IoT, known as Industry 4.0. IIoT and Industry 4.0, will consist of sensor networks, actuators, robots, machines, appliances, business processes, and personnel. Hence, a lot of data of diverse nature would be generated. The industrial process requires most of the tasks to be performed locally because of delay and security requirements and structured data to be communicated over the Internet to web services and the cloud. To achieve this task, middleware support is required between the industrial environment and the cloud/web services. In this context, fog is a potential middleware that can be very useful for different industrial scenarios. Fog can provide local processing support with acceptable latency to actuators and robots in a manufacturing industry. Additionally, as industrial big data are often unstructured, it can be trimmed and refined by the fog locally, before sending it to the cloud. We present an architectural overview of IIoT and Industry 4.0. We discuss how fog can provide local computing support in the IIoT environment and the core elements and building blocks of IIoT. We also present a few interesting prospective use cases of IIoT. Finally, we discuss some emerging research challenges related to IIoT.
  • References (16)
  • Citations (27)
#1Tie Qiu (DUT: Dalian University of Technology)H-Index: 19
#2Yushuang Zhang (DUT: Dalian University of Technology)H-Index: 1
Last.Arun Kumar Sangaiah (VIT University)H-Index: 25
view all 6 authors...
#1Bo Tang (Hofstra University)H-Index: 13
#2Zhen Chen (URI: University of Rhode Island)H-Index: 8
Last.Qing Yang (URI: University of Rhode Island)H-Index: 24
view all 7 authors...
#1Alessandro Vittorio (MDH: Mälardalen University College)H-Index: 16
#2Sara Abbaspour Asadollah (MDH: Mälardalen University College)H-Index: 5
Last.Moris Behnam (MDH: Mälardalen University College)H-Index: 17
view all 6 authors...
#1Wang-Bong Lee (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute)H-Index: 3
#2Ki-Dong Nam (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute)H-Index: 3
Last.Sang-Ha Kiiii (CNU: Chungnam National University)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
#1Valiallah Monajjemi (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 7
#2Jens Wawerla (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 12
Last.Richard T. Vaughan (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 24
view all 3 authors...
#1César Cañas (McGill University)H-Index: 4
#2Eduardo Pacheco (McGill University)H-Index: 7
Last.Hans-Arno Jacobsen (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 33
view all 5 authors...
#1Sergey Andreev (TUT: Tampere University of Technology)H-Index: 27
#2Olga Galinina (TUT: Tampere University of Technology)H-Index: 17
Last.Yevgeni Koucheryavy (TUT: Tampere University of Technology)H-Index: 33
view all 9 authors...
Cited By27
#1Geetanjali Rathee (JUIT: Jaypee University of Information Technology)H-Index: 3
#2Ashutosh Sharma (JUIT: Jaypee University of Information Technology)H-Index: 3
Last.Razi Iqbal (American University in the Emirates)H-Index: 5
view all 4 authors...
#1Jonas Queiroz (IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)H-Index: 2
#2Paulo Leitão (IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)H-Index: 25
Last.Gisela Garcia (VW: Volkswagen)
view all 5 authors...
#1Saleem Raza (Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)H-Index: 2
#2Muhammad Faheem (Abdullah Gül University)H-Index: 5
Last.Mesut Guenes (Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)
view all 3 authors...
#1Munish Bhatia (LPU: Lovely Professional University)
#2Sandeep K. Sood (G.N.D.U.: Guru Nanak Dev University)H-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
#1Wuhui Chen (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 8
#2Zhen Zhang (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 1
Last.Yan Zhang (University of Oslo)H-Index: 65
view all 8 authors...
#1Intidhar Bedhief (Tunis University)H-Index: 1
#2Luca Foschini (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 21
Last.Taoufik Aguili (Tunis University)H-Index: 7
view all 5 authors...
#1Jonas Queiroz (University of Porto)H-Index: 2
#2Paulo Leitão (IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)H-Index: 25
Last.Eugénio Oliveira (University of Porto)H-Index: 23
view all 4 authors...
View next paperThe industrial internet of things and technological innovation in its applications for resources optimisation