Abstract 3112: Distinct oncogenic events induce different DNA methylation and copy number changes in human mammary epithelial cells
Gene expression differences, combined with distinct patterns of genomic rearrangements and epigenetic modifications constitute the bases of molecular classification of breast cancer. Molecular subtypes may originate from different cell lineages in the mammary gland, but also from the early activation of oncogenes that may drive the establishment of these molecular subtypes. However, in the natural history of human cancer, it is difficult to discriminate between these two factors : cell lineage and initial oncogenic alterations. In this work, we designed an experimental strategy aiming at determining whether activation of distinct oncogenic pathways in human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) could lead to different patterns of genetic and epigenetic changes. We show that initial activation of CCNE1, WNT1 and RASv12 in shp53 immortalized HMECs results in different and reproducible profiles of mRNA and miR expression, copy number alterations (CNA) and DNA methylation modifications. Interestingly, first the extend of CNA measured as fraction of the genome altered was lower in HMECs transformed by RAS than CCNE1 and WNT1 transformed HMECs revealing a lower genetic instability. This was confirmed by less numerous γH2Ax and 53BP1 nuclear foci in HMECs transformed by RAS. Second, HMECs transformed by RAS bore specific profiles of CNAs and DNA methylation, clearly distinct of those shown by CCNE1 and WNT1 transformed HMECs. Genes differentially expressed in the RAS and the CCNE1/WNT1 clusters and included in CNAs or with variable CpG methylation were mostly different, depicting the activation of distinct signaling pathways in these two clusters. These data indicate that early activation of distinct oncogenic pathways may leads to adaptive events resulting in specific pattern of CNAs and DNA methylation changes. We postulated that the early activation of oncogenes may be an important determinant of the establishment of breast cancer molecular subtypes along with cell lineage origin. Citation Format: Stan P. du manoir, Claire Fonti, Anne Saumet, Amanda Abi-Khalil, Beatrice Orsetti, Cleroux Elouan, Ambre Bender, Michael Dumas, Jacques Colinge, Michael Weber, Charles Theillet. Distinct oncogenic events induce different DNA methylation and copy number changes in human mammary epithelial cells [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2018; 2018 Apr 14-18; Chicago, IL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 3112.