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Teamwork in extreme environments: Lessons, challenges, and opportunities

Published on Jul 1, 2018in Journal of Organizational Behavior
· DOI :10.1002/JOB.2302
M. Travis Maynard14
Estimated H-index: 14
(CSU: Colorado State University),
Deanna M. Kennedy13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UW: University of Washington),
Christian J. Resick20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Drexel University)
Abstract
  • References (24)
  • Citations (6)
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References24
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#2Mary J. Waller (TCU: Texas Christian University)H-Index: 24
Multidisciplinary crisis management teams consist of highly experienced professionals who combine their discipline‐specific expertise in order to respond to critical situations characterized by high levels of uncertainty, complexity, and dynamism. Although the existing literatures on team information processing and decision‐making are mature, research specifically investigating multidisciplinary teams facing crisis situations is limited; however, given increasingly turbulent external environment...
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#2Chu-Hsiang Daisy Chang (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 1
Last. Steve W. J. Kozlowski (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 47
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#1Jan B. Schmutz (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 8
#2Zhike Lei (Pepperdine University)H-Index: 1
Last. Tanja Manser (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland FHNW)H-Index: 30
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#1Tine Van Thielen (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 3
#2Adelien Decramer (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 10
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#1C. Shawn Burke (UCF: University of Central Florida)H-Index: 27
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#1Markus Hällgren (Umeå University)H-Index: 15
#2Linda Rouleau (HEC Montréal)H-Index: 17
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Organization scholarship has seen an escalation of interest in research into extremes. Comprising several interconnected domains, this growing body of research is decidedly fragmented. This fragmen ...
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#1Tripp DriskellH-Index: 8
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Abstract Teams do not operate in a vacuum, but in specific real-world contexts. For many teams, this context includes high-demand, high-stress conditions which can negatively impact team functioning. In this chapter, we discuss how stress may impact team cohesion and examine stress mitigation strategies to overcome these effects.
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Common characteristics of crisis situations are ambiguous and unplanned for events. The need for improvised roles can therefore be an imperative factor for the success of an operation. The aim of this study is to deepen the understanding of the processes taking place during improvised work "as it happens". A case study of a crisis management team at work is presented and provides an in-depth analysis of the information and communication flow of persons acting in improvised roles, including conte...
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The group organization of work in the British coal mining industry brought to the workers involved significant levels of autonomy; the ability to define the social relations of work; high levels of control over the labor process; and a strong and lasting commitment - to the group. This autonomy was to survive a series of managerial attacks, in the form of changed payment systems and the introduction of new technologies, and was not finally lost until the imposition of full automation that includ...
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Summary The nature of collaboration has been changing at an accelerating pace, particularly in the last decade. Much of the published work in teams research, however, is still focused on the archetypal team that has well-defined membership, purposes, leadership, and standards of effectiveness—all characteristics that are being altered by changes in the larger context of collaboration. Each of these features is worth attention as a dynamic construct in its own right. This article explores what th...
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The purpose of this study is to explore the extent to which teamwork (developed either during an initial training phase or during a subsequent deployment phase) is influenced by the nature of the team’s environment (extreme vs non-extreme) and the extent to which teamwork is one of the explaining mechanisms for team performance.,Data was collected from 60 teams at 2 time-points: training phase in The Netherlands or Germany and deployment phase (in locations such as Afghanistan and Bosnia-Herzego...
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#2Nicola Power (Lancaster University)H-Index: 10
Last. Stacey M. Conchie (Lancaster University)H-Index: 15
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Extreme teams (ETs) work in challenging, high pressured contexts, where poor performance can have severe consequences. These teams must coordinate their skill sets, align their goals, and develop s...
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Teams in isolated, confined, and extreme (ICE) environments face many risks to behavioral health, social dynamics, and team performance. Complex long-duration ICE operational settings such as spaceflight and military deployments are largely closed systems with tightly-coupled components, often operating as autonomous microsocieties within isolated ecosystems. As such, all components of the system are presumed to interact and can positively or negatively influence team dynamics through direct or ...
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#1Michaela Kolbe (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 17
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In this manuscript we discuss the consequences of methodological choices when studying team processes “in the wild”. We chose teams in healthcare as the application because teamwork cannot only save lives but the processes constituting effective teamwork in healthcare are prototypical for teamwork as they range from decision-making (e.g., in multidisciplinary decision-making boards in cancer care) to leadership and coordination (e.g., in fast-paced, acute-care settings in trauma, surgery and ane...
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