Branding/Logomark minus Citation Combined Shape Icon/Bookmark-empty Icon/Copy Icon/Collection Icon/Close Copy 7 no author result Created with Sketch. Icon/Back Created with Sketch. Match!

The role of cellular phone usage by parents in the increase in ASD occurrence: A hypothetical framework

Published on Aug 1, 2018in Medical Hypotheses 1.32
· DOI :10.1016/j.mehy.2018.06.007
Michael Davidovitch11
Estimated H-index: 11
Maayan Shrem1
Estimated H-index: 1
(BIU: Bar-Ilan University)
+ 2 AuthorsGideon Koren83
Estimated H-index: 83
(TAU: Tel Aviv University)
Abstract Over the last few decades there has been a significant worldwide increase in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the causes of which are unknown. The biggest environmental change over this decade has been the massive introduction of cellphones. Eye contact is fundamental for infants' development, and parent-infant eye contact is impaired when parents are pre occupied by cellphones. We speculate that children with a pre-existing vulnerability to autism may be adversely affected by this pattern of parental behavior. As a first step toward exploring our hypothesis, we wished to document the extent of cellular phone usage by parents during their child's diagnostic developmental assessment. We speculated that, if under these stressful circumstances of awaiting their child's crucial assessment the parent is not fully engaged with his/her child, then in real daily activities this phenomenon is likely much more pronounced. Of 111 developmental sessions, 73 parents (66%) engaged their phone during the assessment, between 1 and 20 times. Of 62 observations in the waiting room, 52 (83.9%) parents used their phone, 1–19 times. Nine parents (17.3%) used their phone for 10–50% of the time and 16 (30.8%) for more than 50% of the time in the waiting room. In our analysis, the rate of language/motor delays was twice more common among children of cell phone users than among non users (p = 0.04) as an initial support of our hypothesis. Parents' focus and full attention toward their cellphones can adversely affect the development of joint attention in infants and may contribute to the development of autistic features among a vulnerable subgroup of infants. While more research is needed to prove causation, it would be reasonable to advise parents to decrease to minimum the usage of cellphones when interacting with their young children.
  • References (25)
  • Citations (1)
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Molecular Autism 5.71
Amirhossein Modabbernia8
Estimated H-index: 8
(ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai),
Eva Veithorst22
Estimated H-index: 22
(ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai),
Avi Reichenberg52
Estimated H-index: 52
Background According to recent evidence, up to 40–50% of variance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) liability might be determined by environmental factors. In the present paper, we conducted a review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of environmental risk factors for ASD. We assessed each review for quality of evidence and provided a brief overview of putative mechanisms of environmental risk factors for ASD.
Published on May 1, 2017in BMJ Open 2.38
Tamara May9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Melbourne),
Emma Sciberras20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Deakin University)
+ 1 AuthorsKatrina Williams31
Estimated H-index: 31
Objectives This study aimed to (1) provide an update on the prevalence of parent-reported autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis and new information about teacher-reported ASD in two nationally representative Australian cohorts at ages 10–11 years, (2) examine differences in cohort demographic and clinical profiles and (3) compare the prevalence of teacher-reported ASD and any changes in categorisation over time across the cohorts. Design Secondary analyses were undertaken using data from the ...
Published on Apr 1, 2017in Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 1.69
Sophie Domingues‐Montanari1
Estimated H-index: 1
Over recent years, screen time has become a more complicated concept, with an ever-expanding variety of electronic media devices available throughout the world. Television remains the predominant type of screen-based activity among children. However, computer use, video games and ownership of devices, such as tablets and smart phones, are occurring from an increasingly young age. Screen time, in particular, television viewing, has been negatively associated with the development of physical and c...
Published on Jan 6, 2017in Cerebral Cortex 5.44
Adam T. Eggebrecht12
Estimated H-index: 12
(WashU: Washington University in St. Louis),
Jed T. Elison18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
+ 24 AuthorsAnnette Estes42
Estimated H-index: 42
(UW: University of Washington)
Published on Dec 1, 2016in BMC Public Health 2.57
Stephanie Schoeppe14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Central Queensland University),
Amanda L. Rebar15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Central Queensland University)
+ 3 AuthorsCorneel Vandelanotte33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Central Queensland University)
Background High screen time in children and its detrimental health effects is a major public health problem. How much screen time adults think is appropriate for children remains little explored, as well as whether adults’ screen time behaviour would determine their views on screen time restrictions for children. This study aimed to investigate how adults’ screen time behaviour influences their views on screen time restrictions for children, including differences by gender and parental status.
Published on Oct 1, 2016in Autism Research 3.70
Kristen Bottema-Beutel10
Estimated H-index: 10
(BC: Boston College)
Using a structured literature search and meta-regression procedures, this study sought to determine whether associations between joint attention and language are moderated by group (autism spectrum disorder [ASD] vs. typical development [TD]), joint attention type (responding to joint attention [RJA] vs. other), and other study design features and participant characteristics. Studies were located using database searches, hand searches, and electronic requests for data from experts in the field. ...
Published on Sep 21, 2016in PLOS ONE 2.78
Juleen Lam9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UCSF: University of California, San Francisco),
Patrice Sutton19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)
+ 8 AuthorsCraig J. Newschaffer46
Estimated H-index: 46
(Drexel University)
Background Exposure to ambient air pollution is widespread and may be detrimental to human brain development and a potential risk factor for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). We conducted a systematic review of the human evidence on the relationship between ASD and exposure to all airborne pollutants, including particulate matter air pollutants and others (e.g. pesticides and metals).
Published on Sep 1, 2016in The Journal of Pediatrics 3.74
Patrick B. Wilson6
Estimated H-index: 6
(ODU: Old Dominion University),
Justin A. Haegele8
Estimated H-index: 8
(ODU: Old Dominion University),
Xihe Zhu11
Estimated H-index: 11
(ODU: Old Dominion University)
Objective To examine physical activity participation, screen time habits, and the prevalence of overweight/obesity among children in the general population with mobility limitations and those enrolled in special education services. Study design An observational, cross-sectional analysis of the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a representative sample of the US population. Mobility limitations, special education services utilization, proxy-reported physical activity and ...
Published on Jun 1, 2016in Medical Hypotheses 1.32
Karen Frankel Heffler1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Drexel University),
Leonard M. Oestreicher1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract Earliest identifiable findings in autism indicate that the autistic brain develops differently from the typical brain in the first year of life, after a period of typical development. Twin studies suggest that autism has an environmental component contributing to causation. Increased availability of audiovisual (AV) materials and viewing practices of infants parallel the time frame of the rise in prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Studies have shown an association between ASD...
Published on Feb 1, 2016in BMJ Open 2.38
Ilaria Montagni7
Estimated H-index: 7
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research),
Elie Guichard4
Estimated H-index: 4
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research),
Tobias Kurth69
Estimated H-index: 69
Objective To investigate whether high levels of screen time exposure are associated with self-perceived levels of attention problems and hyperactivity in higher education students. Design Cross-sectional study among participants of the i-Share cohort. Setting French-speaking students of universities and higher education institutions. Participants 4816 graduate students who were at least 18 years old. Exposure Screen time was assessed by self-report of the average time spent on five different scr...
Cited By1
Published in Computers in Human Behavior 4.31
Lara N. Wolfersa (University of Hohenheim), Sophie Kitzmannb (University of Hohenheim)+ -3 AuthorsNina Sommerb (University of Hohenheim)
Abstract Smartphone use has become an “always-on” activity. Caring for children and being sensitive to their needs seems to conflict with this immersive and time-consuming activity. Building on John Bowlby’s Attachment Theory, we focused on how mothers' smartphone use is related to maternal sensitivity. Using the Mini-Maternal Behavior Q-Sort method and a post-observation questionnaire, we collected data from 89 mother-child dyads on playgrounds. Our results showed that mothers who used their sm...