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Health‐related physical fitness and weight status in 13‐ to 15‐year‐old Latino adolescents. A pooled analysis

Published on Jul 1, 2019in Jornal De Pediatria1.689
· DOI :10.1016/j.jped.2018.04.002
Antonio García-Hermoso17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Usach: University of Santiago, Chile),
Jorge Enrique Correa Bautista12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Del Rosario University)
+ 1 AuthorsRobinson Ramírez-Vélez20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Del Rosario University)
Abstract
Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between health‐related physical fitness and weight status in 13‐ to 15‐year‐old Latino adolescents. Method The final sample consisted of 73,561 adolescents aged 13–15 years (35,175 girls) from Chile (n = 48,771) and Colombia (n = 24,790). Cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness were measured using 20‐m shuttle run (relative peak oxygen uptake – VO2peak) and standing broad jump test (lower body explosive strength), respectively. The International Obesity Task Force definition was used to define weight status (i.e., underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese). Results The present study found an inverted J‐shape relationship between body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and musculoskeletal fitness in both genders and all age groups (p  Conclusions The present results indicate low cardiorespiratory fitness and musculoskeletal fitness levels in underweight, overweight, and obese adolescents when compared with their normal weight peers. The findings appear to suggest that exercise programs should to decrease fat mass in overweight/obese adolescents and increase muscle mass in underweight adolescents.
  • References (29)
  • Citations (7)
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References29
Newest
#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
#2Iván Cavero-Redondo (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 10
Last. Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 26
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Abstract Objectives The aims of the present systematic review and meta-analysis were to determine the relationship between muscular strength and all-cause mortality risk and to examine the sex-specific impact of muscular strength on all-cause mortality in an apparently healthy population. Data Sources Two authors systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and SPORTDiscus databases and conducted manual searching of reference lists of selected articles. Study Selection Eligible cohort studies were th...
44 CitationsSource
#1Diana P. Pozuelo-Carrascosa (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 5
#2Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
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Objective To conduct a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials aimed at testing whether school-based physical activity programmes improve cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in children. Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Data sources Using keywords, we performed a computerised search in five databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science and SportDiscus. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Studies that assessed the effectiveness of school-based physical activity programme...
11 CitationsSource
#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
#2Robinson Ramírez-Vélez (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 20
Last. Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 26
view all 5 authors...
Objective To determine if the combination of aerobic and resistance exercise is superior to aerobic exercise alone for the health of obese children and adolescents. Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Data sources Computerised search of 3 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry). Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Studies that compared the effect of supervised concurrent exercise versus aerobic exercise interventions, with anthropometric and metabolic...
21 CitationsSource
#2Ziad AbdeenH-Index: 26
Last. Majid Ezzati (Imperial College London)H-Index: 107
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BACKGROUND: Underweight, overweight, and obesity in childhood and adolescence are associated with adverse health consequences throughout the life-course. Our aim was to estimate worldwide trends in ...
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#1Vítor P. LopesH-Index: 17
Last. Luis Rodrigues (IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)H-Index: 22
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Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the linear and curvilinear relationship between body mass index (BMI) and physical fitness in children and adolescents. Methods Participants were 4567 (2505 girls) children aged 6–16 years. Weight and height were measured and BMI was calculated and adjusted for age and sex using WHO z-scores. Physical fitness was evaluated with the following tests: Yo-Yo test, standing long jump, seated 2-kg medicine ball throw, and 20-m dash. Participants wer...
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#1Justin J. Lang (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 1
#2Kevin Belanger (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 6
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Abstract Objective This systematic review aimed to summarize research that assessed the associations between 20 m shuttle run test (20mSRT) performance and indicators of physiological, psychosocial and cognitive health among school-aged children and youth. Design Systematic review. Methods Five online databases were used to identify peer-reviewed studies published from 1980 to 2016. Studies were included if they matched these criteria: population (children and youth with a mean age of 5–17 years...
15 CitationsSource
#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
#2Irene Esteban-Cornejo (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 10
Last. Robinson Ramírez-Vélez (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 20
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Objective To examine the combined association of fatness and physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory fitness [CRF] and muscular strength) with academic achievement, and to determine whether CRF and muscular strength are mediators of the association between fatness and academic achievement in a nationally representative sample of adolescents from Chile. Study design Data were obtained for a sample of 36 870 adolescents (mean age, 13.8 years; 55.2% boys) from the Chilean System for the Asse...
10 CitationsSource
#1Camila Corvalán (University of Chile)H-Index: 18
#2María Luisa Garmendia (University of Chile)H-Index: 15
Last. Aryeh D. Stein (Emory University)H-Index: 59
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Summary The prevalence of overweight and obesity is rapidly increasing among Latin American children, posing challenges for current healthcare systems and increasing the risk for a wide range of diseases. To understand the factors contributing to childhood obesity in Latin America, this paper reviews the current nutrition status and physical activity situation, the disparities between and within countries and the potential challenges for ensuring adequate nutrition and physical activity. Across ...
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#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
#2César Agostinis-Sobrinho (University of Porto)H-Index: 6
Last. Robinson Ramírez-Vélez (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 20
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Abstract Background and aims Studies in the paediatric population have shown inconsistent associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and inflammation independently of adiposity. The purpose of this study was (i) to analyse the combined association of cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and (ii) to determine whether adiposity acts as a mediator on the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and hs-CRP in children and adolescents. Me...
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#2Iván Cavero-Redondo (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 10
Last. Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 26
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Background Poor cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Aim To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the relationship between poor cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiovascular disease risk in children and adolescents. Methods Systematic literature search (1980 to 11 April 2015) for studies that determined a cardiorespiratory fitness cut point that predicted cardiovascular disease risk in children and adolescents. Results We identified 7 studie...
62 CitationsSource
Cited By7
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#2Hung-kwan So (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 1
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INTRODUCTION: Body mass index (BMI) categories and physical fitness are associated but the reciprocal relationship between BMI categories and physical fitness has not been investigated. This study aims to investigate the longitudinal reciprocal relationship between BMI categories and physical fitness. METHODS: This is a population-based 4-year cohort study in 48 elementary schools. Children aged 6 to 9 years at recruitment were included. BMI categories and physical fitness including handgrip str...
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#1Yatao Xu (ECNU: East China Normal University)
#2Maorong Mei (Nanjing University of Finance and Economics)
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#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
#2Ignacio Hormazábal-Aguayo (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)
Last. Robinson Ramírez-Vélez (Universidad Pública de Navarra)H-Index: 20
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The aim of the study was two-fold: (i) to examine the association between health-related physical fitness and attention capacity in Latin-American children and adolescents with overweight and obesity; and (ii) to test whether body composition outcomes are moderators of this association. A cross-sectional design was used to study 201 overweight/obese participants (12.1 +/- 2.1 years of age; 34.3% girls) from Chile (Active-Start study) and Colombia (HEPAFIT study). Body composition, muscular fitne...
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The aim of the study was to evaluate factors associated with physical fitness (PF) among overweight and non-overweight Austrian secondary school students. PF was measured using the German motor test (DMT) 6–18 and students were asked about sex, migration background, weekly leisure time physical activity and daily electronic media use. In total 560 adolescents (56.6% female) with a mean age of 15.4 ± 1.4 years and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 22.5 ± 4.2 kg/m² were evaluated with 130 (23.2%) st...
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The aim of this study was to provide percentile values for a cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) field test for Latin-American adolescents (34,461 girls and 38,044 boys) aged 13 to 15 years. The role of fatness parameters on the CRF level across age groups was also examined, with a focus on non-obese (healthy) and obese groups. CRF was assessed using the 20-meter shuttle run test protocol. Anthropometric parameters were measured using body mass index z-score (body mass index (BMI) z-score), BMI, wai...
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Background and Objectives: A deficiency exists in the criterion-referenced cut-points for field-based cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in Latin American youths. The aims of the present study were two-fold: (1) To identify the ability of CRF estimated by the 20-m shuttle-run test (20mSRT) to differentiate between “healthy” and “unhealthy” phenotypes (by adiposity) in adolescents; (2) to assess the association between obesity and relative peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) in a large and diverse sample o...
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#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
Last. Mikel Izquierdo (ISCIII: Carlos III Health Institute)H-Index: 52
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Background No previous systematic review has quantitatively examined the association between muscular fitness during childhood and adolescence and health parameters later in life.
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Paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common early driver of chronic liver disease. The aim of this study was to examine whether grip strength moderates the association between anthropometric and body composition parameters and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), an indicator of fat deposits in the liver, in children and adolescents with excess of adiposity. A total of 127 adolescents (67% girls) aged between 11 and 17, attending two public schools in Bo...
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