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Hypoplastic posterior mitral valve leaflet: A case report and review of the literature

Published on Jul 1, 2018in Echocardiography-a Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound and Allied Techniques1.287
· DOI :10.1111/echo.13898
Leili Pourafkari10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UB: University at Buffalo),
Aidin Baghbani-Oskouei1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services)
+ 2 AuthorsNader D. Nader23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UB: University at Buffalo)
Abstract
  • References (17)
  • Citations (1)
References17
Newest
#1Daniela BacichH-Index: 1
#2Gabriele Braggion (Adria Airways)H-Index: 13
Last. Giuseppe Faggian (University of Verona)H-Index: 25
view all 3 authors...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jainil Shah (HFH: Henry Ford Hospital)H-Index: 1
#2Tarun Jain (HFH: Henry Ford Hospital)H-Index: 2
Last. Karthik Ananthasubramaniam (HFH: Henry Ford Hospital)H-Index: 14
view all 5 authors...
Unileaflet mitral valve is the rarest of the congenital mitral valve anomalies and is usually life threatening in infancy due to severe mitral regurgitation (MR). In most asymptomatic individuals, it is mostly due to hypoplastic posterior mitral leaflet. We present a 22-year-old male with palpitations, who was found to have an echocardiogram revealing an elongated anterior mitral valve leaflet with severely hypoplastic posterior mitral valve leaflet appearing as a unileaflet mitral valve without...
4 CitationsSource
1 CitationsSource
#1Payam Yazdan-Ashoori (McMaster University)H-Index: 5
#2Atoosheh Rohani (HHS: Hamilton Health Sciences)H-Index: 4
Last. Harriette G.C. Van Spall (McMaster University)H-Index: 10
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A 76-year-old male with a pacemaker presented with acute pulmonary oedema requiring invasive mechanical ventilation. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed a partially flail anterior mitral leaflet, severe mitral regurgitation (MR), and pulmonary hypertension, not present on previous TTEs. Transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) demonstrated an elongated anterior mitral valve leaflet (AMVL) with a flail A2 …
5 CitationsSource
#1Vijay Joshi (Nottingham City Hospital)H-Index: 2
#2Kaye Laurie (Nottingham City Hospital)H-Index: 1
Last. David Richens (Nottingham City Hospital)H-Index: 10
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We describe a case of a 66-year-old woman with severe mitral regurgitation secondary to posterior leaflet atresia of the mitral valve. Perioperative transesophageal echocardiography suggested the possibility of an absent posterior leaflet with complete prolapse of the anterior leaflet. We questioned the functional outcome if repair was attempted; therefore, mitral valve replacement was performed. We present a case outlining the successful management of this rare condition in an adult as well as ...
1 CitationsSource
3 CitationsSource
Ozet- Mitral kapagin dogumsal bozukluklari nadirdir. Bun- lardan dogumsal mitral darligi, atrezisi, aksesuvar kapak dokusu ve kleft mitral kapak daha siktir. Tek yaprakcikli mit- ral kapak (kismi veya tam yaprakcik agenezisi/hipoplazisi) olgulari ile ilgili bildiriler cok az olup ve bir kac olgu ile sinir- lidir. Bu yazida, hafif eforla nefes darligi ve goguste huzur- suzluk sikayetleri ile poliklinigimize basvuran 45 yasinda hic dogum yapmamis bir kadin hasta sunuldu. Transtorasik ekokardiyogra...
5 CitationsSource
#1Hakan OzkanH-Index: 3
#2Osman TiryakiogluH-Index: 8
Last. Tahsin BozatH-Index: 8
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Congenital mitral valve regurgitation is a rare disease that is found in infancy and childhood, and sometimes in elderly people. In the case presented, mitral regurgitation that was tolerated well until the sixth decade of life is reported. A 62-year-old male suffering from dyspnea was referred to our hospital. Transthoracic echocardiographic examination demonstrated severe mitral regurgitation with suspicion of agenesis of the posterior leaflet with a long, mobile anterior leaflet. A transesoph...
3 CitationsSource
Congenital hypoplasia or agenesis of mitral valves is a very rare condition. It is sometimes seen together with other congenital anomalies. We present a demonstrative case of posterior mitral leaflet hypoplasia seen together with congenital lungs anomaly.
2 CitationsSource
#1Özkan CandanH-Index: 6
#2Ahmet GulerH-Index: 12
Last. Mustafa YildizH-Index: 24
view all 6 authors...
An asymptomatic 47-year-old man who has pectus carinatum, strabismus, and ptosis was referred for a systolic murmur. On transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), posterior mitral leaflet was not seen. Left ventricular free wall had replaced it and was coapting with the anterior leaflet ( Panel A ; see Supplementary data online, Video S1 ). The anterior leaflet and chordal structures were elongated. The anterior leaflet was found to be prolapsing into the left atrium during systole. Systolic …
6 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
Last. Attila Kardos (UCB: University of Buckingham)
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