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Adaptation and validation of a short French version of the Drive for Muscularity Scale in male athletes (DMS-FR)

Published on May 3, 2018in PLOS ONE2.776
· DOI :10.1371/journal.pone.0196608
Lisa Chaba1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Fabienne d’Arripe-Longueville13
Estimated H-index: 13
+ 1 AuthorsStéphanie Scoffier-Mériaux2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract
  • References (55)
  • Citations (2)
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References55
Newest
#1Viren Swami (ARU: Anglia Ruskin University)H-Index: 43
#2Mona VintilaH-Index: 2
Last. David BarronH-Index: 10
view all 5 authors...
Abstract We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 15-item Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS). Male university students from Romania (N = 343) completed the DMS, as well as measures of self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that DMS scores reduced to two factors that related to muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviours, with both first-order factors loading onto a higher-order factor. However, confirmatory f...
5 CitationsSource
Purpose: To examine the prevalence and awareness of anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use among male bodybuilders visiting gyms in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 500 male bodybuilders visiting gyms in the Jazan region of Saudi Arabia. Information on demographics, as well as the use of AAS, was included in a self-administered questionnaire. Results: The prevalence of AAS in Jazan was 31.0 % (95 % CI, 26.9 - 49.6), and it was higher among those in...
4 CitationsSource
#1Jaime García-Rodríguez (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 1
#2Georgina Alvarez Rayón (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 13
Last. Juan Manuel Mancilla-Díaz (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 17
view all 5 authors...
Abstract The use of ergogenic substances (UES) is not restricted to achieving a better athletic performance, but also it is a behaviour for body changing through muscle development; however, little is known about the relationship between muscle dysmorphia (MD) and UES. Therefore, it was conducted a systematic review of those empirical papers that have studied this relationship over the last decade (2004–2014). First it is highlighted that of the 22 articles analysed, only 13 explicitly aimed thi...
1 CitationsSource
#1Bryan T. Karazsia (College of Wooster)H-Index: 16
#2Sarah K. Murnen (Kenyon College)H-Index: 26
Last. Tracy L. Tylka (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 37
view all 3 authors...
36 CitationsSource
#1Lachlan Mitchell (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 6
#2Stuart B. Murray (UC: University of California)H-Index: 21
Last. Helen O’Connor (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 23
view all 7 authors...
Background Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is associated with a self-perceived lack of size and muscularity, and is characterized by a preoccupation with and pursuit of a hyper-mesomorphic body. MD symptoms may hypothetically be more prevalent in bodybuilders (BBs) than in non-bodybuilder resistance trainers (NBBRTs).
21 CitationsSource
4 CitationsSource
#1Andrea Wyssen (University of Fribourg)H-Index: 3
#2Jana Bryjova (University of Fribourg)H-Index: 2
Last. Simone Munsch (University of Fribourg)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
Comprehensive models, targeting the development of eating disorders (EDs) in males, often employ a sociocultural perspective and empathize the importance of body dissatisfaction (BD). To further illuminate psychological factors contributing to the development of ED pathology, we propose a mediator model of disturbed eating and compensatory behavior (DECB) for men. This model suggests that emotion dysregulation and the susceptibility to body-related cognitive distortions (thought-shape fusion, TS...
12 CitationsSource
#1Viren Swami (ARU: Anglia Ruskin University)H-Index: 43
#2David Barron (University of Westminster)H-Index: 10
Last. Jas Jafaar (UM: University of Malaya)H-Index: 8
view all 4 authors...
The Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) is a widely used measure in studies of men's body image, but few studies have examined its psychometric properties outside English-speaking samples. Here, we assessed the factor structure of a Malay translation of the DMS. A community sample of 159 Malay men from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed the DMS, along with measures of self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy. Exploratory factor analysis led to the extraction of two factors, differenti...
6 CitationsSource
#1Ana Rosa Sepúlveda García (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 19
#2Melissa Parks (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 5
Last. Miriam Blanco (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 4
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Drive for Muscularity (DM) has been shown to be a relevant construct for measuring and understanding male body image. For this reason, it is important to have reliable and valid instruments with which to measure DM, and to date no such instruments exist in Spain. This study analyzes the psychometric and structural properties of the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) in a sample of Spanish adolescent males (N = 212), with the aim of studying the structural validity of the scale by using a...
7 CitationsSource
#1Amanda Nerini (UniFI: University of Florence)H-Index: 6
#2Camilla Matera (UniFI: University of Florence)H-Index: 9
Last. Cristina Stefanile (UniFI: University of Florence)H-Index: 10
view all 4 authors...
8 CitationsSource
Cited By2
Newest
The drive for muscularity behaviors are very common in male athletes, especially in male bodybuilders. Studies have related drive for muscularity behaviors to body dissatisfaction, eating disorders and muscle dysmorphia. This study applied the trans-contextual model of motivation to the drive for muscularity behaviors of male bodybuilders at risk of developing muscle dysmorphia. The relationships between self-determination theory constructs and drive for muscularity behaviors, via the theory of ...
Source
#1Johanna Kling (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 3
#2Linda Kwakkenbos (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 11
Last. Amanda Fitzgerald (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 11
view all 10 authors...
Abstract This systematic review synthesizes and critically appraises measurement properties of influential body image measures. Eight measures that met the definition of an assessment of body image (i.e., an individual’s cognitive or affective evaluation of their body or appearance with a positive or negative valence), and scored high on systematic expert priority ranking, were included. These measures were: the Body Appreciation Scale (original BAS and BAS-2), the Body Esteem Scale for Adolesce...
2 CitationsSource
#1Almut Zeeck (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 19
#2Viola Welter (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 1
Last. Armin Hartmann (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 22
view all 6 authors...
Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a condition that is characterized by body image disturbance, a drive for muscularity and excessive exercising. It leads to considerable functional impairment. Most previous studies focused on male samples. The study aimed to validate a German version of the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI) in order to make the instrument available in German speaking countries. We further aimed to explore for gender differences in the MDDI factors (measurement invariance) and ...
1 CitationsSource