Internationalization through Exaptation: The Role of Domestic Geographical Dispersion in the Internationalization Process

Published on Aug 1, 2018in Journal of International Business Studies7.72
· DOI :10.1057/s41267-018-0151-y
Grazia D. Santangelo19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Catania),
Tamara Stucchi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Catania)
Abstract We introduce the notion of exaptation to internationalization theory, a process in which a capability is re-used for a purpose and in a context different than its historical purpose and context. Specifically, we examine which domestic capabilities may be redeployed when organizations engage in cross-border M&As for the first time. We suggest that organizations exapt (re-use) coordination and control capabilities, initially developed to manage domestic geographical dispersion, to acquire and integrate external resources across borders. By analyzing 693 Indian business groups over a decade, we add to the recent effort to frame the internationalization process within evolutionary theory.
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