Academic breeding grounds: Home department conditions and early career performance of academic researchers

Published on Sep 1, 2019in Research Policy5.42
· DOI :10.1016/j.respol.2019.03.009
Anders Broström9
Estimated H-index: 9
(KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)
This study investigates how research group characteristics relate to the early career success of PhD candidates who are trained in the group. In particular, we study how the citation impact of early-career PhDs is related to the staff composition and the funding of the group. Using data on a cohort of Swedish doctoral graduates in science, engineering, mathematics and medicine, two sets of findings are obtained. First, students who were trained in groups with a lower number of PhD students perform better in terms of academic productivity. From the perspective of research policy, this finding suggests a decreasing return to funding additional PhD student positions allocated to professors already maintaining larger research groups. Second, PhD students trained in groups whose funding for PhD research is conditioned by funder influence over the topic of thesis research are more likely to stay in academia. Controlling for career destination, however, PhDs from such groups have lower than average scientific productivity and citation impact. These results suggest that funders of PhD studies face a trade-off between the two different funding objectives of “getting what they want” in terms of research content and fostering successful scholars.
  • References (59)
  • Citations (0)
Vedran Sekara4
Estimated H-index: 4
(DTU: Technical University of Denmark),
Pierre Deville6
Estimated H-index: 6
(NU: Northeastern University)
+ 3 AuthorsSune Lehmann23
Estimated H-index: 23
(DTU: Technical University of Denmark)
Experience plays a critical role in crafting high-impact scientific work. This is particularly evident in top multidisciplinary journals, where a scientist is unlikely to appear as senior author if he or she has not previously published within the same journal. Here, we develop a quantitative understanding of author order by quantifying this “chaperone effect,” capturing how scientists transition into senior status within a particular publication venue. We illustrate that the chaperone effect ha...
Published on Jan 1, 2018
Britta Glennon1
Estimated H-index: 1
Julia Lane31
Estimated H-index: 31
Ridhima Sodhi1
Estimated H-index: 1
Federal research funding to universities is often based on a desire to stimulate innovation – so that they spend taxpayer money for "something". There is growing understanding of the need to change the structure of research funding in order to do so; less is known about the effectiveness of different organizational structures. Yet, as Jones has pointed out, increasing the efficiency with which we transfer knowledge from one generation to the next could have important implications for innovation ...
Published on May 1, 2018in Research Policy5.42
Patrick Gaulé8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Charles University in Prague),
Mario Piacentini4
Estimated H-index: 4
(OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)
We investigate whether having an advisor of the same gender is correlated with the productivity of PhD science students and their propensity to stay in academic science. Our analysis is based on an original dataset covering nearly 20,000 PhD graduates and their advisors from U.S. chemistry departments. We find that students with an advisor of the same gender tend to be more productive during the PhD and more likely to become professors themselves. We suggest that the under-representation of wome...
Published on Mar 15, 2018in PLOS ONE2.78
Leonardo Reyes Gonzalez1
Estimated H-index: 1
Claudia N. González Brambila1
Estimated H-index: 1
Francisco Veloso22
Estimated H-index: 22
Published on Nov 7, 2017
Barry Bozeman54
Estimated H-index: 54
Jan Youtie21
Estimated H-index: 21
Published on Oct 1, 2017in Scientometrics2.77
Sotaro Shibayama9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Lund University),
Yoshie Kobayashi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ministry of Education, Culture)
Ph.D. training in academic labs offers the foundation for the production of knowledge workers, indispensable for the modern knowledge-based society. Nonetheless, our understanding on Ph.D. training has been insufficient due to limited access to the inside of academic labs. Furthermore, early careers of Ph.D. graduates are often difficult to follow, which makes the evaluation of training effects challenging. To address these limitations, this study aims to illustrate the settings of Ph.D. trainin...
Published on May 1, 2017in Research Policy5.42
Katia Levecque16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UGent: Ghent University),
Frederik Anseel21
Estimated H-index: 21
(UGent: Ghent University)
+ 2 AuthorsLydia Gisle7
Estimated H-index: 7
Research policy observers are increasingly concerned about the potential impact of current academic working conditions on mental health, particularly in PhD students. The aim of the current study is threefold. First, we assess the prevalence of mental health problems in a representative sample of PhD students in Flanders, Belgium (N = 3659). Second, we compare PhD students to three other samples: (1) highly educated in the general population (N = 769); (2) highly educated employees (N = 592); an...
Published on May 1, 2017in Research Policy5.42
Ajay Agrawal22
Estimated H-index: 22
(U of T: University of Toronto),
John McHale14
Estimated H-index: 14
(National University of Ireland, Galway),
Alexander Oettl10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Georgia Institute of Technology)
The peer-effects literature highlights several distinct channels through which colleagues may affect individual and organizational performance. Building on this, we examine the relative contributions of different channels by decomposing the productivity effect of a star's arrival on (1) incumbents and (2) new recruits. Using longitudinal, university-level data, we report that hiring a star does not increase overall incumbent productivity, although this aggregate effect hides offsetting effects o...
Published on Jan 1, 2017in American Journal of Sociology4.46
Pierre Azoulay17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Columbia University),
Christopher C. Liu10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Harvard University),
Toby E. Stuart32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Harvard University)
Actors often match with associates on a small set of dimensions that matter most for the particular relationship at hand. In so doing, they are exposed to unanticipated social influences because counterparts have more interests, attitudes, and preferences than would-be associates considered when they first chose to pair. This implies that some apparent social influences (those tied to the rationales for forming the relationship) are endogenous to the matching process, while others (those that ar...
Published on Nov 1, 2016in Research Policy5.42
Catherine Beaudry13
Estimated H-index: 13
(École Polytechnique de Montréal),
Vincent Larivière38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UdeM: Université de Montréal)
The article examines whether scientific production, research funding, Impact Factor of journals and size of collaborative teams have an influence on the propensity to receive more citations, and whether the influence of these factors differs across genders. Using a very complete database of funding, scientific papers and citations compiled at the individual researchers’ level, we estimate panel data regressions on the discipline-normalised citation rates of individual academics in Quebec. Our re...
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