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A comparative study on computer-integrated set-ups to design human-centred manufacturing systems

Published on Feb 1, 2019in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
· DOI :10.1016/j.rcim.2018.03.009
Margherita Peruzzini9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Modena and Reggio Emilia),
Marcello Pellicciari13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Modena and Reggio Emilia),
Michele Gadaleta3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)
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Abstract
Abstract Manufacturing ergonomics refers to the application of ergonomic principles and human factors analysis to the design of manufacturing tasks with the final aim to optimize the workers’ wellbeing and guarantee the expected process performance. Traditional design approaches are based on the observation of individual workers performing their jobs, the detection of unnatural postures (e.g., bending, twisting, overextending, rotating), and the definition of late corrective actions according to ergonomic guidelines. Recently, computer-integrated simulations based on virtual prototypes and digital human models (DHMs) can be used to assess manufacturing ergonomics on virtual manikins operating in digital workplaces. Such simulations allow validating different design alternatives and optimizing the workstation design before the creation, and pave the way to a new approach to manufacturing system design. The present paper aims at comparing different computer-integrated set-ups to support the design of human-centred manufacturing workstations. It defines a protocol analysis to support workstation design by analysing both physical and cognitive aspects, and applies the protocol within different digital set-ups. In particular, the study investigates a 2D desktop set-up using standardized DHMs and a 3D immersive mixed reality set-up based on motion capture of real workers’ acting into a mixed environment, comparing them with the traditional approach. An industrial case study focusing on design optimization of a manufacturing workstation in the energy industry is used to test the effectiveness of the two digital set-ups for the definition of re-design actions.
  • References (36)
  • Citations (3)
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References36
Newest
Published on Jun 9, 2017
Gavriel Salvendy44
Estimated H-index: 44
,
Waldemar Karwowski2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Purdue University)
The chapters in the book come from an international group of authors with diverse backgrounds including ergonomics, psychology, architecture, computer science, engineering, and sociology. Specific topics include biometric systems development, military command and control, cellular phone interface design, methodologies for workplace design, medical device design, cockpit display and decision tool design for pilots, driver visual and cognitive processes, and performance of inspection tasks in manu...
Published on Mar 1, 2017in Virtual Reality2.91
Leif P. Berg5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Iowa State University),
Judy M. Vance20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Iowa State University)
In 1999, Fred Brooks, virtual reality pioneer and Professor of Computer Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, published a seminal paper describing the current state of virtual reality (VR) technologies and applications (Brooks in IEEE Comput Graph Appl 19(6):16, 1999). Through his extensive survey of industry, Brooks concluded that virtual reality had finally arrived and "barely works". His report included a variety of industries which leveraged these technologies to suppor...
Jingtao Chen2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Peter Mitrouchev6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
+ 1 AuthorsFranck Quaine8
Estimated H-index: 8
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
Today, disassembly operations play a very important role during the initial design phase of industrial products considering the role played by these operations throughout the product life cycle. Current simulation platforms do not offer the necessary information and versatility required for a complete disassembly process simulation, including human/operator physiological data management. The paper deals with a new method for disassembly sequence evaluation. It is based on metabolic energy expend...
Published on Oct 1, 2016in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
Xi Vincent Wang12
Estimated H-index: 12
(NUS: National University of Singapore),
S. K. Ong33
Estimated H-index: 33
(NUS: National University of Singapore),
A.Y.C. Nee13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NUS: National University of Singapore)
Assembly motion simulation is crucial during conceptual product design to identify potential assembly issues and enhance assembly efficiency. This paper presents a novel assembly simulation system incorporating real-virtual components interaction in an augmented-reality based environment. With this system, users can manipulate and assemble virtual components to real components during assembly simulation using natural gestures through an enhanced bare-hand interface. Accurate and realistic moveme...
Published on Mar 1, 2016in Applied Ergonomics2.61
Glyn Lawson10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Nottingham),
Davide Salanitri3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Nottingham),
Brian Waterfield3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Jaguar Land Rover)
Abstract Virtual Reality (VR) can reduce time and costs, and lead to increases in quality, in the development of a product. Given the pressure on car companies to reduce time-to-market and to continually improve quality, the automotive industry has championed the use of VR across a number of applications, including design, manufacturing, and training. This paper describes interviews with 11 engineers and employees of allied disciplines from an automotive manufacturer about their current physical...
Published on Nov 2, 2015in Interactive Learning Environments1.93
Nirit Gavish6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Teresa Gutiérrez6
Estimated H-index: 6
+ 4 AuthorsFranco Tecchia18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies)
The current study evaluated the use of virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) platforms, developed within the scope of the SKILLS Integrated Project, for industrial maintenance and assembly (IMA) tasks training. VR and AR systems are now widely regarded as promising training platforms for complex and highly demanding IMA tasks. However, there is a need to empirically evaluate their efficiency and effectiveness compared to traditional training methods. Forty expert technicians were rando...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Procedia Manufacturing
Isabel L. Nunes9
Estimated H-index: 9
(NOVA: Universidade Nova de Lisboa)
Abstract Lean Six Sigma (LSS) aims to help companies continuous improvement (CI), coping with the strong business competition and gaining organizational effectiveness. Both Ergonomics and LSS are system-oriented approaches and could have a synergistic effect in CI. The integration of Ergonomics and LSS requires a new methodological framework that evolves from their single approaches, which coherently applies the principles of both and simultaneously ensuring gains in productivity and in working ...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Procedia CIRP
Adelaide Marzano7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Imelda Friel1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsSamuel Court1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Cranfield University)
Abstract This paper presents a unique environment whose features are able to satisfy requirements for both virtual maintenance and virtual manufacturing through the conception of original virtual reality (VR) architecture. V irtual R eality for the Ma intainability and A ssemblability Te sts (VR_MATE) encompasses VR hardware and software and a simulation manager which allows customisation of the architecture itself as well as interfacing with a wide range of devices employed in the simulations. ...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Procedia Manufacturing
Zélio Geraldo dos Santos1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Leandro Vieira2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UTFPR: Federal University of Technology - Paraná),
Giles Balbinotti3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)
Abstract With the new market scenario along the years the great automobile multinational companies are leaving for the challenge of reducing production costs. This production system is the Lean Manufacturing a model that serves to facilitate competitiveness in several segments, aiming to eliminate waste (No Value Added) and also in improving working conditions. For the auto companies the application of Lean Manufacturing within your concept is being improving production processes, involving its ...
Published on Jan 28, 2014in Assembly Automation2.06
Germanico Gonzalez-Badillo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí),
Hugo I. Medellín-Castillo6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí)
+ 2 AuthorsSamir Garbaya6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Arts et Métiers ParisTech)
Purpose – This paper aims to report the development and key features of a novel virtual reality system for assembly planning and evaluation called Haptic Assembly and Manufacturing System (HAMS). The system is intended to be used as a tool for training, design analysis and path planning. Design/methodology/approach – The proposed system uses the physics-based modelling (PBM) to perform assemblies in virtual environments. Moreover, dynamic assembly constrains have been considered to reduce the de...
Cited By3
Newest
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
Luis Oliveira3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Lboro: Loughborough University),
Catherine Fox1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Lboro: Loughborough University)
+ 1 AuthorsRebecca Cain13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Lboro: Loughborough University)
Abstract Concentrated boarding describes the phenomenon when rail passengers congregate in certain areas of the platform and board the train carriages that stop near these areas. This influences the distribution of passengers throughout the carriages, which can negatively affect passenger comfort, safety at the platform-train interface, efficiency of the rail network, and the reputation of rail travel as a whole. This project aimed to determine whether concentrated boarding occurs in stations in...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing4.39
Michele Gattullo7
Estimated H-index: 7
(IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional),
Giulia Wally Scurati3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Polytechnic University of Milan)
+ 3 AuthorsMonica Bordegoni16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Polytechnic University of Milan)
Abstract Augmented Reality (AR), is one of the most promising technology for technical manuals in the context of Industry 4.0. However, the implementation of AR documentation in industry is still challenging because specific standards and guidelines are missing. In this work, we propose a novel methodology for the conversion of existing “traditional” documentation, and for the authoring of new manuals in AR in compliance to Industry 4.0 principles. The methodology is based on the optimization of...
Published on Feb 3, 2019in Journal of Robotics
Qingmeng Tan (Nanjing University of Science and Technology), Yifei Tong2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Nanjing University of Science and Technology)
+ 1 AuthorsDongbo Li2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Nanjing University of Science and Technology)
Recently, anthropocentric or human-centric approaches renewed its importance in smart manufacturing especially for assembly applications where human dexterity and informal knowledge are dispensable at present and in the near future. This paper analyzes the integration, design, and collaboration issues regarding anthropocentric researches in the past few years mainly in assembly domain. First of all, towards closed-loop system integration, the researches on integrating human in the cyber-physical...