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Modifications of konjac glucomannan for diverse applications

Published on Aug 1, 2018in Food Chemistry5.399
· DOI :10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.02.151
Fan Zhu17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Auckland)
Abstract
Abstract Konjac glucomannan (KGM) is a major polysaccharide from the corm of Amorphophallus konjac. Native KGM has limited uses and has been chemically/physically/enzymatically modified to expand the range of functional properties. This mini-review summarises the recent advances of modifying KGM for diverse food and nonfood applications, focusing on the chemical and physical modifications. The chemical methods include substitution, grafting, cross-linking, oxidation, and deacetylation, whereas the physical modifications are electrospinning, microfluidic spinning, γ-irradiation, extrusion, and electric field processing. The modified KGM has been used in a range of different applications, including biodegradable film, emulsion, medical and pharmaceutical material, encapsulation and controlled release, fish feed and functional food ingredient, separation medium, aerogel, liquid crystal, absorbent for removal of pollutants in waste water, and so on. These KGM-based products tend to be biodegradable, biocompatible, and non-toxic with improved functional performance.
  • References (59)
  • Citations (11)
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References59
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In this article, four kinds of konjac glucomannan based superabsorbent polymers (KSAPs) with different aggregate sizes were obtained by sieving the KSAP powders manually. They were characterized by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and optical contact angle (OCA), and the effects of aggregate size on liquid absorption characteristics of KSAP were studied in detail. The results show that the coarse KSAP particles were aggreg...
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#1Wenjie Jian (SCAU: South China Agricultural University)H-Index: 4
#2Liying Tu (JMU: Jimei University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Konjac glucomannan (KGM) is an important functional polysaccharide in food research. However, unstable dispersibility of KGM inhibits its in-depth study and wide application. In this study, a degraded KGM (100 kGy-KGM), which showed excellent dispersibility and specific physicochemical properties, were obtained by γ-irradiation in a dosage of 100 kGy. We investigated the protective effect of 100 kGy-KGM against H 2 O 2 induced oxidative damage in LO2 cells. Our results demonstrated that...
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Porang is a local plant of Indonesia, which has a high content of glucomannan. In this study, porang glucomannan (PG) was esterified with octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) to enhance emulsion properties to be widely used in food industry. OSA-modified PG (OSA-PG) enhanced the phagocytosis activity of macrophage-like J774.1 cells and mouse peritoneal macrophages. In addition, OSA-PG increased the production of IL-6 and TNF-α by enhancing their gene expression. Immunoblot analysis displayed that OS...
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Abstract The exploration of methods to produce biocompatible materials in ultrasmall scales is of great scientific and technological interest. We reported a microfluidic spinning technology (MST) for fabrication of microfibers with a novel biocompatible material, konjac glucomannan (KGM) as the main material combined with sodium polyacrylate (PAAS). These as-produced KGM/PAAS microfibers are consistent and uniform in size with an average width of 100 μm. Also, these microfibers can easily arrang...
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Abstract Carboxylmethyl konjac glucomannan conjugated polydopamine (CMKGM-PDA) composite was successfully prepared using a cost-effective method. CMKGM-PDA exhibited excellent adsorption performance for the removal of Pb(II) and could be a convenient agent for recovery. The Langmuir linear model was suitable for describing the adsorption process of Pb(II). The maximum adsorption capacity was 95.24 mg g −1 at 298 K, showing a high absorption capacity in comparison to similar absorbents. The pseud...
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A novel molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for caffeine based on konjac glucomannan (KGM) was prepared using grafted copolymer of KGM/acrylic acid as a functional monomer, N,N′-methylenebisacrylamide as a cross-linker, and caffeine as a template. The recognition sites in MIPs were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and the morphology of MIPs was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. Compared with nonimprinted polymers (NIPs), the obtained MIPs showed high adsorption...
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Prenant’s schizothoracin (Schizothorax prenanti) is an important existemic commercial fish in Yangtze River. Oxidized konjac glucomannan (OKGM) is a kind of polysaccharide oxidative degraded from konjac glucomannan. The diet of S. prenanti was supplemented with 500, 1000, 2000, 4000, and 8000 mg/kg OKGM. After a 60-day feeding trial, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Lactobacillus, and Bifidobacterium in the intestines of S. prenanti were quantified, and intestinal flora was analyzed using polymeras...
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