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Is vegetarianism healthy for children

Published on Jul 20, 2019in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition6.704
· DOI :10.1080/10408398.2018.1437024
Nathan Cofnas5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Oxford)
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Abstract
AbstractAccording to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' influential position statement on vegetarianism, meat and seafood can be replaced with milk, soy/legumes, and eggs without any negative ...
  • References (95)
  • Citations (8)
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References95
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#2Alex Bryson (IOE: Institute of Education)H-Index: 32
Last. Jaakko PehkonenH-Index: 11
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Using the Young Finns Study (YFS) combined with the Finnish Linked Employer-Employee Data (FLEED) we show that quantities of creatine measured in 1980 prior to labour market entry affect labour market outcomes over the period 1990–2010. Those with higher levels of creatine (proxied by urine creatinine) prior to labour market entry spend more time in the labour market in the subsequent two decades and earn more. The associations between creatine and labour market outcomes are robust to controllin...
2 CitationsSource
#1Francisca Echeverría (University of Chile)H-Index: 8
#2Rodrigo Valenzuela B (University of Chile)H-Index: 21
Last. Alfonso Valenzuela (University of Chile)H-Index: 33
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Abstract Docosahexaenoic acid (C22: 6n-3, DHA) is a long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid of marine origin fundamental for the formation and function of the nervous system, particularly the brain and the retina of humans. It has been proposed a remarkable role of DHA during human evolution, mainly on the growth and development of the brain. Currently, DHA is considered a critical nutrient during pregnancy and breastfeeding due their active participation in the development of the nervous system i...
22 CitationsSource
#1Seema Mihrshahi (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 26
#2Ding Ding (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 26
Last. Adrian Bauman (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 103
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Abstract The vegetarian diet is thought to have health benefits including reductions in type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. Evidence to date suggests that vegetarians tend to have lower mortality rates when compared with non-vegetarians, but most studies are not population-based and other healthy lifestyle factors may have confounded apparent protective effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between categories of vegetarian diet (including complete, semi and pesco...
14 CitationsSource
Background: Iron is considered a nutrient of concern for vegetarians. In children, inadequate iron status may lead to anemia and poor growth. Su
6 CitationsSource
#1Vesanto MelinaH-Index: 1
#2Winston J Craig (Andrews University)H-Index: 10
Last. Susan Levin (Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine)H-Index: 12
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Abstract It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal ...
120 CitationsSource
The human sex ratio at birth (SRB) is approximately 107 boys for every 100 girls. SRB was rising until the World War II and has been declining slightly after the 1950s in several industrial countries. Recent studies have shown that SRB varies according to exposure to disasters and socioeconomic conditions. However, it remains unknown whether changes in SRB can be explained by observable macro-level socioeconomic variables across multiple years and countries. Here we show that changes in disposab...
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#1Fang Li (Qingdao University)H-Index: 3
#2Xiaoqin Liu (Qingdao University)H-Index: 5
Last. Dongfeng Zhang (Qingdao University)H-Index: 18
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Background The association between fish consumption and risk of depression is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the association. Methods A literature search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science database for all relevant studies up to March 2015. We pooled the relative risks (RRs) with 95% CIs from individual studies with random effects model, and conducted meta-regression to explore potential sources of heterogeneity. Publication bias was estimated by Egger9s ...
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#1Paul N. Appleby (CEU: Cancer Epidemiology Unit)H-Index: 70
#2Francesca L. Crowe (CEU: Cancer Epidemiology Unit)H-Index: 52
Last. Timothy J. Key (CEU: Cancer Epidemiology Unit)H-Index: 121
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Background: Vegetarians and others who do not eat meat have been observed to have lower incidence rates than meat eaters of some chronic diseases, but it is unclear whether this translates into lower mortality. Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe mortality in vegetarians and comparable nonvegetarians in a large United Kingdom cohort. Design: The study involved a pooled analysis of data from 2 prospective studies that included 60,310 persons living in the United Kingdom, comprisi...
44 CitationsSource
#1Tim A. Bruckner (UC: University of California)H-Index: 3
#2Samuli Helle (UTU: University of Turku)H-Index: 17
Last. Virpi Lummaa (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 33
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Theoretical and empirical literature asserts that the sex ratio (i.e. M/F) at birth gauges the strength of selection in utero and cohort quality of males that survive to birth. We report the first individual-level test in humans, using detailed life-history data, of the ‘culled cohort’ hypothesis that males born to low annual sex ratio cohorts show lower than expected infant mortality and greater than expected lifetime reproductive success. We applied time-series and structural equation methods ...
18 CitationsSource
#1Noah Carl (Nuffield College)H-Index: 8
Abstract Research has consistently shown that intelligence is positively correlated with socially liberal beliefs and negatively correlated with religious beliefs. This should lead one to expect that Republicans are less intelligent than Democrats. However, I find that individuals who identify as Republican have slightly higher verbal intelligence than those who identify as Democrat (2–5 IQ points), and that individuals who supported the Republican Party in elections have slightly higher verbal ...
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Cited By8
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#1Urska Dobersek (USI: University of Southern Indiana)H-Index: 3
#2Gabrielle Wy (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
Last. Edward ArcherH-Index: 17
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Objective: To examine the relation between the consumption or avoidance of meat and psychological health and well-being.Methods: A systematic search of online databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL Pl...
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#1Carmen Escriba-Perez (Polytechnic University of Valencia)H-Index: 5
#2Amparo Baviera-Puig (Polytechnic University of Valencia)H-Index: 7
Last. Juan Buitrago-Vera (Polytechnic University of Valencia)H-Index: 6
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The nutritional and dietary properties of rabbit meat make it an ideal food for children, recommended by the World Health Organisation. However, the presence of children under 18 in the home has been found to decrease the frequency of rabbit meat consumption. If we focus on households with children under 18, 52.5% of minors do not consume rabbit meat. The main reason why children (intended as people under 18 yr old) do not consume rabbit meat is the fact that they do not like it (40.9%) and beca...
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#1Chang Tan (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 1
#2Yudi Zhao (GMU: George Mason University)H-Index: 1
Last. Suqing Wang (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 1
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ABSTRACTBackground: Whether a vegetarian diet is appropriate for pregnancy remains unclear.Objective: This study aimed to determine the association between vegetarian diet during pregnancy and various maternal–fetal outcomes.Method: PubMed-Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant articles published by August 30, 2017. Quantitative data were analyzed by a random-effects model with pooled odds ratios or weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval as...
2 CitationsSource
#1Frédéric Leroy (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)H-Index: 38
#2Nathan Cofnas (University of Oxford)H-Index: 5
AbstractMainstream dietary recommendations now commonly advise people to minimize the intake of red meat for health and environmental reasons. Most recently, a major report issued by the EAT-Lancet...
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#1Carlo Alvaro (New York City College of Technology)H-Index: 1
In this paper I respond to Marcus William Hunt’s argument that vegan parents have pro tanto reasons for not raising their children on a vegan diet because such a diet is potentially harmful to children’s physical and social well-being. In my rebuttal, first I show that in practice all vegan diets, with the exception of wacky diets, are beneficial to children’s well-being (and adults as well); and that all animal-based diets are potentially unhealthful. Second, I show that vegan children are no m...
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Abstract In contemporary dietary advice, meat is depicted as a pharmakon : it is believed to either heal or poison the human body (and mind). Often, it also serves as a scapegoat for a wide range of public health issues and other societal problems. Related attitudes, practices, and beliefs pertain to a demarcated mode of thinking or episteme that is characteristic for the so-called post-domestic or industrialized societies. The latter are not only typified by an abundant yet largely concealed pr...
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#1You-Mi Jung (KMU: Keimyung University)
#2Mi-Ja Choi (KMU: Keimyung University)
Taurine is a free amino acid and exhibits various biological functions such as brain development, retinal photoreceptor activity, reproduction, normal growth development and antioxidant activity. Taurine is mainly contained in meat and fish foods. Although taurine is inferred to be implicated in the development of the fetus, there are few reports of taurine intake and neonatal growth in pregnant women. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutrient and taurine intake of pregna...
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We read the article by Drs. Grant and Jenkins with interest.[1][1] We represent a growing group of Canadian physicians and health professionals called the Canadian Clinicians for Therapeutic Nutrition, who use whole food nutritional strategies to prevent and often reverse the burden of chronic
1 CitationsSource
I thank Drs. Bradshaw and Loffelmann[1][1] for their contribution to the discussion of plant versus animal product–based nutrition and response to the commentary in CMAJ .[2][2] They suggested that the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine in the United States have criticized
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