Early Cretaceous parasitism in amber: A new species of Burmazelmira fly (Diptera: Archizelmiridae) parasitized by a Leptus sp. mite (Acari, Erythraeidae)

Published on Feb 1, 2018in Cretaceous Research 1.93
· DOI :10.1016/j.cretres.2018.02.006
Antonio Arillo14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Complutense University of Madrid),
Vladimir Blagoderov2
Estimated H-index: 2
(National Museums Scotland),
Enrique Peñalver17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Instituto Geológico y Minero de España)
Abstract
Abstract A new species of the extinct family Archizelmiridae, Burmazelmira grimaldii n. sp. (Diptera: Sciaroidea), is described from the Spanish Lower Cretaceous (upper Albian) amber of San Just outcrop in the Maestrazgo Basin (Province of Teruel) based on two complete specimens. A comparison with the only previously known species of the genus, Burmazelmira aristica Grimaldi, Amorim and Blagoderov, 2003, is provided. The new species is diagnosed based on antennal features. One of the flies is parasitized by a larval Leptus sp. mite (Acari, Erythraeidae). Despite the abundance of Leptus mites in several localities of Spanish amber, it is only the third record of a Leptus attached to a host. Records of parasitism are very rare in Cretaceous ambers, unlike in Cenozoic ones. A list of the known records of dipterans parasitized by mites in amber, virtually the only medium that can preserve this relationship in the fossil record, is provided.
  • References (36)
  • Citations (3)
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References36
Published on Jul 30, 2007in Zootaxa 0.93
Dalton De Souza Amorim12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Eirik Rindal8
Estimated H-index: 8
A phylogenetic analysis of the Mycetophiliformia (= Sciaroidea) was performed to determine the relationships among its families and to place the following genera of uncertain position in the system: Heterotricha, Ohakunea, Colonomyia, Freemanomyia, Rhynchoheterotricha, Chiletricha, Afrotricha, Anisotricha, Kenyatricha, Nepaletricha, Sciarosoma, Sciaropota, Insulatricha, Cabamofa, Rogambara, and Starkomyia. Eratomyia n. gen. is described based on a new species from Ecuador. Colonomyia brasiliana ...
40 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 19, 1999
George Poinar9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Roberta Poinar6
Estimated H-index: 6
In "Jurassic Park", amber fossils provided the key to bringing dinosaurs back to life. Scientists in the movie extracted dinosaur blood from mosquitoes preserved for millions of years in amber - hardened tree resin - and used the blood's DNA to revive the creatures that terrified audiences around the globe. In this book, George and Roberta Poinar use amber for a similar act of revival - only they bring back an entire ecosystem. The Poinars have spent years examining the uniquely rich supply that...
101 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 2009in Geologica Acta 0.69
M. Najarro1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
E. Peñalver1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 4 AuthorsXavier Declós1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Barcelona)
The El Soplao site is a recently-discovered Early Albian locality of the Basque-Cantabrian Basin (northern Spain) that has yielded a number of amber pieces with abundant bioinclusions. The amber-bearing deposit occurs in a non-marine to transitional marine siliciclastic unit (Las Penosas Formation) that is interleaved within a regressive-transgressive, carbonate-dominated Lower Aptian-Upper Albian marine sequence. The Las Penosas Formation corresponds to the regressive stage of this sequence and...
52 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2016in Cretaceous Research 1.93
Ryszard Szadziewski10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Gdańsk),
Antonio Arillo14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Complutense University of Madrid)
+ 1 AuthorsElżbieta Sontag3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Gdańsk)
Abstract We describe two new species of extinct biting midges in the fossil genus Protoculicoides : Protoculicoides hispanicus Szadziewski and Arillo, sp. nov. and Protoculicodes sanjusti Szadziewski and Arillo, sp. nov. , from Albian (101–113 Ma) amber of San Just, Spain. Atriculicoides Remm, 1976 is recognized as a new junior synonym of Protoculicoides Boesel, 1937 (NEW SYNONYM). Devalquia Choufani et al., 2013 is regarded here as a new junior synonym of the extant genus Culicoides Latreille, ...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 7, 2010
Andrew J. Ross14
Estimated H-index: 14
18 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 2005
David A. Grimaldi38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Stockholm University),
Michael S. Engel33
Estimated H-index: 33
Section 1. Diversity and Evolution: Introduction Species: their nature and number How many species of insects? Reconstructing evolutionary history Section 2. Fossil Insects: Insect fossilization Dating and ages Major fossil Insect deposits Section 3. Arthropods and the Origin of Insects: Onychophora: the velvet-worms Tardigrada: the water-bears Arthropoda: the jointed animals Hexapoda: the six-legged arthropods Section 4. The insects: Morphology of insects Relationships among the insect orders S...
2,001 Citations
Published on May 1, 2011in Palaeontology 3.73
Jaime Ortega-Blanco12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Barcelona),
Enrique Peñalver17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Instituto Geológico y Minero de España)
+ 1 AuthorsMichael S. Engel33
Estimated H-index: 33
(University of Kansas)
: The fauna of false fairy wasps (Proctotrupomorpha: Bipetiolarida: Mymarommatoidea) occurring in Early Cretaceous (Albian) amber from north and north-eastern Spain (Moraza, San Just, and El Soplao outcrops) is described. In total, 12 specimens have been recovered and four species recognized, all new: Alavaromma orchamum gen. nov. and sp. nov. (Alavarommatidae fam. nov.), Archaeromma hispanicum sp. nov. (Mymarommatidae), Galloromma alavaensis sp. nov., and G. turolensis sp. nov. (Gallorommatidae...
23 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2009in Cretaceous Research 1.93
Antonio Arillo14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Complutense University of Madrid),
Luis S. Subías7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Complutense University of Madrid),
Umukusum Ya. Shtanchaeva6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Russian Academy of Sciences)
A new fossil species of oribatid mite, Ametroproctus valeriae sp. nov., belonging to the family Ametroproctidae is described. The new species is preserved in a piece of amber from the San Just outcrop in Teruel Province, Spain, which is believed to be Albian in age. Comparison is made between the new species and extant species of the family.
11 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 1988in Journal of Natural History 0.88
Arnold Åbro9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Bergen)
Larval mites of the Leptus group (Family Erythraeidae), ectoparasitic on adult harvestmen, deposit at the attachment site a cementing substance forming a superficial cone that concurrently with the distension of the distal portions of the inserted chelicerae promotes firm anchorage in order to ensure the long attachment of the larvae to the host. The larvae, which suck up haemolymph plasma and tissue fluids, were not found to develop a stylostome. Violent defence reactions by the host have not b...
10 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 1985in International Journal of Acarology 1.01
George O. Poinar14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of California, Berkeley)
12 Citations Source Cite
Cited By3
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Cretaceous Research 1.93
Ekaterina A. Sidorchuk9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Russian Academy of Sciences),
Alexander A. Khaustov
Abstract The oldest-known member of a small parasitic mite family Pterygosomatidae (Trombidiformes: Eleutherengona) was found in the Lower Cretaceous (Albian) amber locality of Archingeay-Les Nouillers in Charente-Maritime, France. The majority of the extant members of the family are obligate parasites of lizards, and only one genus of twelve, Pimeliaphilus Tragardh, 1905, is known to infest arthropods – kissing bugs, scorpions, beetles and cockroaches. The excellent preservation of the fossil, ...
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Published on Nov 17, 2018in International Journal of Acarology 1.01
Ekaterina A. Sidorchuk9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Russian Academy of Sciences)
ABSTRACTSmallness being in the essence of a mite, the question is whether it has always been so during the geological history of Acari. Here I assemble measurements of over 260 published mite fossils, distributed from the Early Devonian (410 mya) to the end of the Neogene (5 mya), and compare them to the data available for their extant relatives. A number of fossils are reconsidered: reports of the Ordovician Brachypylina and Permian Astigmata have to be excluded from the fossil record; Jurassic...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 23, 2018in Fossil Record 0.78
Jason A. Dunlop9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Museum für Naturkunde),
Konrad Frahnert , Joanna Mąkol7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences)
Abstract. An unusually large acariform mite is described as Immensmaris chewbaccei gen. et sp. nov. from the Cretaceous (ca. 100 Ma) Burmese amber of Myanmar. With an idiosoma plus gnathosoma more than a centimetre long, it represents the largest unequivocal fossil mite ever recorded and approaches the maximum size of the largest living Acariformes today. Although some details of the dorsal idiosoma are equivocal, the new fossil appears to belong to Smarididae (Prostigmata: Parasitengona: Erythr...
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