Stress Corrosion Crack Growth Behavior of Type 310S Stainless Steel in Supercritical Water
Stress corrosion crack (SCC) behavior of Type 310S stainless steel (SS) in supercritical water was evaluated at 400°C to 550°C. Crack growth rates (CGR) were obtained as a function of temperature and corrosion potential. Results show that Type 310S SS exhibits 100% intergranular SCC, and creep plays an important role in the overall growth rate. The SCC CGR increases with temperature between 400°C and 550°C, and is higher at a medium-low corrosion potential (argon deaerated water) than in water with dissolved O2 or dissolved H2. A mechanism for SCC of Type 310S SS in supercritical water is proposed to explain the combined effect of SCC and creep.