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Clearing the Pipeline? Gender and the Review Process at the American Political Science Review

Published on Jul 1, 2018in PS Political Science & Politics
· DOI :10.1017/s1049096518000069
Marijke Breuning16
Estimated H-index: 16
,
Benjamin Isaak Gross2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 3 AuthorsJohn Ishiyama25
Estimated H-index: 25
Abstract
  • References (10)
  • Citations (5)
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References10
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#1Dawn Langan Teele (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 5
#2Kathleen Thelen (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 32
This article explores publication patterns across 10 prominent political science journals, documenting a significant gender gap in publication rates for men and women. We present three broad findings. First , we find no evidence that the low percentage of female authors simply mirrors an overall low share of women in the profession. Instead, we find continued underrepresentation of women in many of the discipline’s top journals. Second , we find that women are not benefiting equally in a broad t...
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#1Gudrun Østby (Peace Research Institute Oslo)H-Index: 14
#2Håvard Strand (Peace Research Institute Oslo)H-Index: 11
Last. Nils Petter Gleditsch (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 32
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Many studies report lower academic productivity among women. But are women less likely to get their research published in the first place? The evidence for potential gender bias in publication and impact is mixed. This article examines the gender dimension of scientific publication in international relations (IR) based on submission data for Journal of Peace Research for the period 1983–2008. It examines the gender gap in submissions and explores whether the perceived merit of a research paper i...
42 CitationsSource
#1Kathleen J. Hancock (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 8
#2A BaumMatthew (Harvard University)H-Index: 27
Last. Marijke Breuning (UNT: University of North Texas)H-Index: 16
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Why are women still relatively scarce in the international studies profession? Although women have entered careers in international studies in increasing numbers, they represent increasingly smaller percentages as they move from PhD student to full professor. Our survey investigates why this is so, focusing on the assistant professor years, which are crucial to succeeding in the profession. We found that there are significant differences in publication rates, as well as differences in research f...
28 CitationsSource
#1Daniel Maliniak (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 9
#2Ryan Powers (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 4
Last. Barbara F. Walter (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 20
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This article investigates the extent to which citation and publication patterns differ between men and women in the international relations (IR) literature. Using data from the Teaching, Research, and International Policy project on peer-reviewed publications between 1980 and 2006, we show that women are systematically cited less than men after controlling for a large number of variables including year of publication, venue of publication, substantive focus, theoretical perspective, methodology,...
167 CitationsSource
#1Vicki L. Hesli (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 20
#2Jae Mook Lee (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 2
Last. Sara McLaughlin Mitchell (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 24
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We report the results of hypotheses tests about the effects of several measures of research, teaching, and service on the likelihood of achieving the ranks of associate and full professor. In conducting these tests, we control for institutional and individual background characteristics. We focus our tests on the link between productivity and academic rank and explore whether this relationship reveals a gender dimension. The analyses are based on an APSA-sponsored survey of all faculty members in...
31 CitationsSource
#1Vicki L. HesliH-Index: 20
#2Jae Mook Lee (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 2
The justification for studying faculty research productivity is that it affects individual advancement and reputation within academe, as well as departmental and institutional prestige (Creamer 1998, iii). Publication records are an important factor in faculty performance evaluations, research grant awards, and promotion and salary decisions. The phrase “publish or perish” encapsulates the importance of research productivity to academic careers. In addition, questions are sometimes raised about ...
49 CitationsSource
#1Heather K. Evans (SHSU: Sam Houston State University)H-Index: 7
#2Erik P. Bucy (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 20
Scholarly publication in peer-reviewed journals is widely regarded as the road to scholarly success. However, in a diversity of fields such as sociology, economics, and political science, it has been shown that the rate of publication is much lower for women than for men. The question of whether a systematic relationship exists between gender and research methods has also frequently been debated. In this paper, we explore patterns of authorship and scholarship in two influential interdisciplinar...
10 CitationsSource
#1Daniel Maliniak (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 9
#2Amy Oakes (W&M: College of William & Mary)H-Index: 5
Last. Michael J. Tierney (W&M: College of William & Mary)H-Index: 18
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Women now receive political science degrees in record numbers, but female representation among political science faculty still lags behind that of many other disciplines. Only 26% of the 13,000 political science professors in the United States today are women (Sedowski and Brintall 2007). According to our recent survey of international relations faculty in the United States—the 2006 Teaching, Research, and International Politics (TRIP) Survey—women comprise an even smaller proportion of IR schol...
33 CitationsSource
#1Marijke Breuning (TSU: Truman State University)H-Index: 16
#2Kathryn Sanders (TSU: Truman State University)H-Index: 1
How well are women authors represented in the most-recognized journals in political science? To what degree does the presence of women authors mirror women's presence in the discipline? Although a few studies have sought to provide data on the presence of women authors in political science journals (Young 1995 ; Kelly et al. 1994 ), more recent work on the visibility of women in the discipline has focused on gender and authorship of edited volumes (Mathews and Andersen 2001 ), on the participati...
50 CitationsSource
#1Cheryl D. Young (UNF: University of North Florida)H-Index: 1
every 4 political science doctoral degrees, 20 years ago they received only 1 in 10 (Sarkees and McGlen 1992, 50-52). As with academic degrees, faculty positions also show an increase in female participation in political science. Women held only 5.5% of all political science faculty positions in the 1960s. That percentage rose to almost 15% by the late 1980s (Sarkees and McGlen 1992, 54). However, female representation in political science faculties has not been equally distributed across academ...
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Cited By5
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Our research on bias in family formation is rooted in the extant literature of gender and academia but moves beyond discussion of the “leaky-pipeline” metaphor to explore less frequently addressed issues including pregnancy loss, illness, lactation, and challenges faced by academic parents who are the partners of those who have given birth. We explore the lower-order processes that inform the gap in professional achievement between men and women in political science specifically and in academia ...
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#1Daniel StockemerH-Index: 16
#2Alasdair BlairH-Index: 10
Last. Ekaterina R. RashkovaH-Index: 5
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#1Nadia E. Brown (Purdue University)H-Index: 9
#2HoriuchiYusaku (Dartmouth College)H-Index: 14
Last. David J. SamuelsH-Index: 30
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The gender publication gap puts women at a disadvantage for tenure and promotion, which contributes to the discipline’s leaky pipeline. Several studies published in PS find no evidence of gender bias in the review process and instead suggest that submission pools are distorted by gender. To make a contribution to this important debate, we fielded an original survey to a sample of American Political Science Association members to measure participants’ perceptions of political science journals. Re...
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#1TatalovichRaymond (LUC: Loyola University Chicago)H-Index: 14
#2John P. Frendreis (LUC: Loyola University Chicago)H-Index: 12
Abstract This study has two objectives: to rank order the top ten publishers of all 609 “best book” awards by APSA sections from 1985 to 2016 and to show using multiple regression analysis which variables best explain why some award-winning volumes receive more scholarly citations than other books. Our dependent variable is average yearly citation counts from copyright date to 2017, and five independent variables were tested in the analysis: (1) prestige ranking of the publisher; (2) number of a...
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#1Marijke BreuningH-Index: 16
#2Ayal FeinbergH-Index: 1
Last. John IshiyamaH-Index: 25
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How international in scope is publishing in political science? Previous studies have shown that the top journals primarily publish work by scholars from the United States and, to a lesser extent, other global-north countries. However, these studies used published content and could not evaluate the impact of the review process on the relative absence of international scholars in journals. This article evaluates patterns of submission and publication by US and international scholars for the Americ...
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