How Evolutionary Psychology Can Contribute to Group Process Research

Published on Mar 7, 2018
路 DOI :10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190299323.013.9
Joseph M. Whitmeyer13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)
  • References (94)
  • Citations (0)
馃摉 Papers frequently viewed together
116 Citations
1 Author (Linnda Caporael)
1 Author (Satoshi Kanazawa)
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Joseph BergerH-Index: 33
#2M. Hamit FisekH-Index: 13
Last. David G. WagnerH-Index: 8
view all 4 authors...
8 CitationsSource
#1James S. ColemanH-Index: 1
Ever since 1951, when Kenneth Arrow published his monograph showing the paradox that social welfare functions generate, there has been interest in overcoming or bypassing this paradox.' The paradox is that, given certain simple and very persuasive conditions for collective rationality, there can be no decision rule which meets these conditions. The conditions, simply stated, are these: 1. Between three alternatives, the social welfare function must give rise to a unique social ordering, no matte...
123 Citations
#1Muzafer SherifH-Index: 34
1,228 Citations
#1Neil]. MacKitmouH-Index: 1
#2David R. HeiseH-Index: 33
A芦cct control 1hcory proposes chat pcoplt路 c<~sr themselves and others into siw:uional idcntilies :md thl!n construct C\'Cnts tO valid;uc semimcms cvokc.-d by the identities while maim;~ining chc integrity of behaviors and the spirir of settings as wdl. The normati,rc coherence of social action ariSt."S from cultural :and institmion:al shaping of identities, behJviors, ;and scnin~ . Dh路crsh)' :and innov-ation in soci.l :aetion uisc as different smtirnc.-ncs gct cvok芦l in situuions :md u put cvcn...
19 Citations
#1Christopher BoehmH-Index: 21
Are humans by nature hierarchical or egalitarian? "Hierarchy in the Forest" addresses this question by examining the evolutionary origins of social and political behavior. Christopher Boehm, an anthropologist whose fieldwork has focused on the political arrangements of human and nonhuman primate groups, postulates that egalitarianism is in effect a hierarchy in which the weak combine forces to dominate the strong.The political flexibility of our species is formidable: we can be quite egalitarian...
700 Citations
#1Brent Simpson (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 20
Results from previous studies have led many researchers to conclude that sex has no effect on cooperation in social dilemmas. This article reconciles strong theoretical expectations of sex differences in cooperation with the dearth of empirical evidence for such differences. I show that several theories of sex- or gender-related behavior suggest we should expect males and females to respond more strongly to greed and fear, respectively, in social dilemmas. I argue that previous research has fail...
77 CitationsSource
#1Brent Simpson (A&M: Texas A&M University)H-Index: 20
#2Henry A. Walker (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 13
Status characteristics theory predicts the emergence and structure of power and prestige orders in task groups from members' status attributes. This paper argues that application of the burden of proof assumption, central to the theory, is inconsistent with a key concept, generalized expectation state. A reformulation is proposed that eliminates the inconsistency and gives competing predictions for a wide range of situations. The reformulation predicts that, when not directly relevant to task pe...
29 CitationsSource
#1Manfred Milinski (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 64
#2Dirk Semmann (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 16
Last. Hans-J眉rgen Krambeck (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
The problem of sustaining a public resource that everybody is free to overuse鈥攖he 鈥榯ragedy of the commons鈥1,2,3,4,5,6,7鈥攅merges in many social dilemmas, such as our inability to sustain the global climate. Public goods experiments4, which are used to study this type of problem, usually confirm that the collective benefit will not be produced. Because individuals and countries often participate in several social games simultaneously, the interaction of these games may provide a sophisticated way ...
829 CitationsSource
#1Ernst Fehr (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 100
#2Simon G盲chter (HSG: University of St. Gallen)H-Index: 49
Human cooperation is an evolutionary puzzle. Unlike other creatures, people frequently cooperate with genetically unrelated strangers, often in large groups, with people they will never meet again, and when reputation gains are small or absent. These patterns of cooperation cannot be explained by the nepotistic motives associated with the evolutionary theory of kin selection and the selfish motives associated with signalling theory or the theory of reciprocal altruism. Here we show experimentall...
3,120 CitationsSource
#1Tatsuya Kameda (Hokkaido University)H-Index: 23
#2Masanori Takezawa (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 14
Last. Christine M. Smith (GV: Grand Valley State University)H-Index: 8
view all 4 authors...
Sharing important resources widely beyond direct kin group members is one of the core features characterizing human societies. Moreover, generalized exchange involving many community members (e.g., meat sharing in bands) seems to be a uniquely human practice. This paper explores a computational algorithm for the psychology of social sharing that may underlie such practices, based on the risk-reduction hypothesis in food sharing of Kaplan and Hill [Curr. Anthropol. 26 (1985) 223]. We predicted th...
57 CitationsSource
Cited By0