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Neural Response to Pleasant Pictures Moderates Prospective Relationship Between Stress and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Girls

Published on Jul 4, 2019in Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
· DOI :10.1080/15374416.2018.1426004
Amanda R. Levinson7
Estimated H-index: 7
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Brittany C. Speed6
Estimated H-index: 6
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Greg Hajcak71
Estimated H-index: 71
(FSU: Florida State University)
Abstract
Adolescent girls are at increased risk for depression, which is thought to result from the interaction of biological vulnerabilities and life stressors common to adolescent girls. A blunted late po...
  • References (72)
  • Citations (3)
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References72
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#1Erin Bondy (Harvard University)H-Index: 5
#2Jeremy G. Stewart (Harvard University)H-Index: 14
Last. Randy P. Auerbach (Harvard University)H-Index: 30
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The Emotional Interrupt Task (EIT) has been used to probe emotion processing in healthy and clinical samples; however, research exploring the stability and reliability of behavioral measures and ERPs elicited from this task is limited. Establishing the psychometric properties of the EIT is critical, particularly as phenotypes and biological indicators may represent traitlike characteristics that underlie psychiatric illness. To address this gap, test-retest stability and internal consistency of ...
7 CitationsSource
#1Jonathan P. StangeH-Index: 20
#2Jessica L. HamiltonH-Index: 20
Last. Lauren B. AlloyH-Index: 69
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: The ability of the autonomic nervous system to flexibly adapt to environmental changes is thought to indicate efficient use of self-regulatory resources. Deficits in autonomic reactivity appear to characterize current depression; however, whether autonomic reactivity confers vulnerability to future depression when individuals encounter environmental stressors is unknown. Fluctuations in respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and heart rate (HR) were evaluated in response to emotion-eliciting films...
14 CitationsSource
#1Christian A. Webb (Harvard University)H-Index: 20
#2Randy P. Auerbach (Harvard University)H-Index: 30
Last. Diego A. Pizzagalli (Harvard University)H-Index: 61
view all 6 authors...
: Depression rates surge in adolescence, particularly among females. Recent findings suggest that depressed adolescents are characterized by hypersensitivity to negative outcomes and blunted responsiveness to rewards. However, our understanding of the pathophysiology and time course of these abnormalities remains limited. Due to their high temporal resolution, event-related potentials (ERPs) provide an ideal probe to investigate these processes. In the present study, healthy (n = 25) and depress...
17 CitationsSource
#1Autumn Kujawa (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 24
#2Greg Hajcak (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 71
Last. Daniel N. Klein (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 77
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Background Natural disasters expose entire communities to stress and trauma, leading to increased risk for psychiatric symptoms. Yet, the majority of exposed individuals are resilient, highlighting the importance of identifying underlying factors that contribute to outcomes. Methods The current study was part of a larger prospective study of children in Long Island, New York ( n = 260). At age 9, children viewed unpleasant and pleasant images while the late positive potential (LPP), an ...
22 CitationsSource
#1Brittany C. SpeedH-Index: 6
#2Brady D. NelsonH-Index: 20
Last. Greg HajcakH-Index: 71
view all 5 authors...
: Cognitive vulnerabilities, such as a negative self-referential processing bias, have been theorized to play a causal role in the development of depression. Indeed, depression is associated with the endorsement and recall of more negative and fewer positive emotional words (i.e., recall biases) in the self-referential encoding task (SRET). In addition, currently depressed adults and adolescents, compared to healthy controls, show an enhanced late positive potential (LPP), an event-related poten...
22 CitationsSource
#1Anna WeinbergH-Index: 29
#2Greg PerlmanH-Index: 14
Last. Greg HajcakH-Index: 71
view all 4 authors...
Abnormal patterns of attention to threat and reward have been proposed as potential mechanisms of dysfunction in anxiety and unipolar depressive disorders. However, few studies have simultaneously examined whether these patterns of attention are shared among disorders or distinguish between them. In the present study, we recorded the Late Positive Potential (LPP), an event-related potential and putative index of motivated attention, from 145 patients with anxiety and unipolar depressive disorder...
38 CitationsSource
Sex differences in stress responses can be found at all stages of life and are related to both the organizational and activational effects of gonadal hormones and to genes on the sex chromosomes. As stress dysregulation is the most common feature across neuropsychiatric diseases, sex differences in how these pathways develop and mature may predict sex-specific periods of vulnerability to disruption and increased disease risk or resilience across the lifespan. The aging brain is also at risk to t...
203 CitationsSource
#1Brady D. Nelson (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 20
#2Greg Perlman (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 14
Last. Roman Kotov (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 41
view all 5 authors...
BACKGROUND: The late positive potential (LPP) is an event-related potential component that is sensitive to the motivational salience of stimuli. Children with a parental history of depression, an indicator of risk, have been found to exhibit an attenuated LPP to emotional stimuli. Research on depressive and anxiety disorders has organized these conditions into two empirical classes: distress and fear disorders. The present study examined whether parental history of distress and fear disorders wa...
38 CitationsSource
#1Johnathan Rottenberg (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 33
#2Alexandra H. Cowden Hindash (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 4
Depression is defined as a mood condition. One key problem in depression's clinical description is determining how persistent mood changes influence emotional reactivity to ongoing environmental stimuli. Repeatedly, depressed individuals have been observed to exhibit diminished reactivity to change in the emotional context. These observations have spawned a theory called emotion context insensitivity (ECI). In this article we: (1) discuss the genesis of ECI theory, (2) consider recent convergent...
17 CitationsSource
#1Brittany C. Speed (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 6
#2Brady D. Nelson (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 20
Last. Greg Hajcak (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 71
view all 6 authors...
Neuroticism and extraversion are multifaceted affective-laden personality traits that have been associated with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Research and theory have argued that extraversion, and particularly its facet positive emotionality, is specific to MDD, while neuroticism is common across internalizing disorders. Converging evidence has suggested that MDD is associated with reduced engagement with emotional stimuli, but it remains unclear whether either extraversion, neuroticism, or b...
24 CitationsSource
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#1Elizabeth M. Mulligan (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 4
#2Greg Hajcak (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 71
Last. Alexandria Meyer (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 16
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Abstract The pubertal period is a time of rapid increase in the incidence of anxiety disorders, and thus, pubertal hormones may play a role in the precipitation of anxious psychopathology. DHEA, a steroid hormone that surges in adolescence, has been previously linked to anxiety, although the direction of this effect has been mixed. Using a cross-sectional design in a sample of 286 adolescent girls, the present study examined associations between salivary DHEA concentrations and self-report and i...
Source
#1Greg Hajcak (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 71
#2Dan Foti (Purdue University)H-Index: 28
Event-related potential studies of emotional processing have focused on the late positive potential (LPP), a sustained positive deflection in the ERP that is increased for emotionally arousing stimuli. A prominent theory suggests that modulation of the LPP is a response to stimulus significance, defined in terms of the activation of appetitive and aversive motivational systems. The current review incorporates experimental studies showing that manipulations that alter the significance of stimuli ...
5 CitationsSource
#1Julia Klawohn (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 10
#2Kreshnik Burani (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 3
Last. Greg Hajcak (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 71
view all 5 authors...
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have found a reduced reward positivity (RewP) among individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD). Event-related potential studies have also reported blunted neural responses to pleasant pictures in MDD as reflected by the late positive potential (LPP). These deficits have been interpreted broadly in terms of anhedonia and decreased emotional engagement characteristic of depression. METHODS: In the current study, a community-based sample of 83 participants with cu...
3 CitationsSource
#1Diana J. Whalen (WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 18
#2Kirsten Gilbert (WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 6
Last. M DeannaH-Index: 82
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Reductions in positive affect are a salient feature of preschool-onset major depressive disorder. Yet, little is known about the psychophysiological correlates of this blunted positive affect and whether reduced physiological responding to pleasant stimuli may differentiate depressed and healthy young children. 120 four-to-seven year old children with current depression and 63 psychiatrically healthy 4-to-7 year old children completed a simple picture-viewing task of pleasant and neutral picture...
2 CitationsSource
#1Yara J. Toenders (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 1
#2Laura S. van Velzen (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 9
Last. Lianne Schmaal (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 26
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Abstract Major depressive disorder (MDD) often emerges during adolescence with detrimental effects on development as well as lifetime consequences. Identifying neurobiological markers that are associated with the onset or course of this disorder in childhood and adolescence is important for early recognition and intervention and, potentially, for the prevention of illness onset. In this systematic review, 68 longitudinal neuroimaging studies, from 34 unique samples, that examined the association...
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#1Aislinn Sandre (McGill University)H-Index: 3
#2Rosemary C. Bagot (McGill University)H-Index: 7
Last. Anna Weinberg (McGill University)H-Index: 29
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Abstract Individual differences in neural response to appetitive and aversive stimuli may confer vulnerability to stress-related psychopathology, including depression and anxiety. However, the specificity of this association with symptoms of depression and anxiety within the context of real-world stress is not well understood. The present study examined whether neural responses to appetitive and aversive images, measured by the late positive potential (LPP), prospectively predict symptoms of dep...
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