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Static and Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Graphene Oxide-Incorporated Woven Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Composite

Published on Mar 1, 2018in Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 1.48
· DOI :10.1007/s11665-018-3201-5
Nitai Chandra Adak5
Estimated H-index: 5
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research),
Suman Chhetri7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
+ 3 AuthorsTapas Kuila19
Estimated H-index: 19
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
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Abstract
This study investigates the synergistic effects of graphene oxide (GO) on the woven carbon fiber (CF)-reinforced epoxy composites. The GO nanofiller was incorporated into the epoxy resin with variations in the content, and the CF/epoxy composites were manufactured using a vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding process and then cured at 70 and 120 °C. An analysis of the mechanical properties of the GO (0.2 wt.%)/CF/epoxy composites showed an improvement in the tensile strength, Young’s modulus, toughness, flexural strength and flexural modulus by ~ 34, 20, 83, 55 and 31%, respectively, when compared to the CF/epoxy composite. The dynamic mechanical analysis of the composites exhibited an enhancement of ~ 56, 114 and 22% in the storage modulus, loss modulus and damping capacity (tanδ), respectively, at its glass transition temperature. The fiber–matrix interaction was studied using a Cole–Cole plot analysis.
  • References (31)
  • Citations (6)
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References31
Newest
Published on Nov 1, 2016in Polymer Engineering and Science 1.92
Suman Chhetri7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research),
Pranab Samanta14
Estimated H-index: 14
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
+ 2 AuthorsTapas Kuila19
Estimated H-index: 19
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
Simultaneous surface functionalization and reduction of graphene oxide (GO) was achieved by using dodecyl amine (DA) as surface modifying agent. The DA modified reduced GO (DA-G) was used for subsequent preparation of DA-G/epoxy composites by solution mixing. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electrical conductivity measurements were conducted to establish the concurrent functionalization and reduction of GO. The effect of DA-G on the epoxy composites ...
Published on Oct 1, 2016in Composites Science and Technology 6.31
Abhishek K. Pathak4
Estimated H-index: 4
(National Physical Laboratory),
Munindra Borah9
Estimated H-index: 9
(National Physical Laboratory)
+ 2 AuthorsS.R. Dhakate11
Estimated H-index: 11
(National Physical Laboratory)
Abstract The mechanical properties of carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites depend upon fiber-matrix interfacial properties. In this investigation to improve the mechanical properties of polymer composites, graphene oxide was used as one of the filler for the development of carbon fiber/graphene oxide-epoxy hybrid composites. Initially, epoxy resin was modified by incorporating different weight% of graphene oxide from 0.1 to 0.6 wt%. The desired size of carbon fiber fabric was impregnated w...
Published on Aug 1, 2016in Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 1.48
Franziska S. Kachold3
Estimated H-index: 3
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg),
Robert F. Singer36
Estimated H-index: 36
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
Carbon fiber reinforced aluminum was produced by a specially adapted high-pressure die casting process. The MMC has a fiber volume fraction of 27%. Complete infiltration was achieved by preheating the bidirectional, PAN-based carbon fiber body with IR-emitters to temperatures of around 750 °C. The degradation of the fibers, due to attack of atmospheric oxygen at temperatures above 600 °C, was limited by heating them in argon-rich atmosphere. Additionally, the optimization of heating time and tem...
Published on May 1, 2016in Polymer Composites 2.27
Pingge He5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Boyun Huang12
Estimated H-index: 12
+ 2 AuthorsTengfei Chen11
Estimated H-index: 11
Graphene oxide (GO) was used to modify the surface of carbon fiber layers through electrophoretic deposition, forming a multiscale reinforcement fabric. By adjusting the experimental parameters, the resulting GO-carbon fabric showed productive and homogenous distribution of thin and less-agglomerate GO platelets on carbon fiber surface, remarkably enlarging the surface area and roughness of carbon fabric. To investigate the effect of GO sheets on composites, GO-carbon fabric and carbon fabric-re...
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 1.48
Feng Cai7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Carleton University),
Feng Gao3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 2 AuthorsQi Yang12
Estimated H-index: 12
(National Research Council)
Rotor blades of Bell CH-146 Griffon helicopter experience excessive solid particle erosion at low altitudes in desert environment. The rotor blade is made of an advanced light-weight composite which, however, has a low resistance to solid particle erosion. Coatings have been developed and applied to protect the composite blade. However, due to the influence of coating process on composite material, the compatibility between coating and composite base, and the challenges of repairing damaged coat...
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Procedia structural integrity
R. Baptista12
Estimated H-index: 12
(IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional),
Ana Mendão1
Estimated H-index: 1
(IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)
+ 1 AuthorsRosa Marat-Mendes7
Estimated H-index: 7
(IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)
Abstract The current work studies the effect of the incorporation of different amounts of graphite filler on the mechanical properties of epoxy resin and of carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composites. Graphite-reinforced epoxy-matrix composites were prepared with graphite fractions ranging from 5 to 30 wt%. The carbon-fiber reinforced graphite/epoxy hybrids were prepared using a fixed amount of carbon fiber, and graphite incorporation in the epoxy of 7.5, 10 and 11.5 wt%. After cure the produced m...
Published on Aug 1, 2015in Composites Part A-applied Science and Manufacturing 6.28
Chang Yeong Lee2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CAU: Chung-Ang University),
Ji-Hun Bae6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CAU: Chung-Ang University)
+ 2 AuthorsSoo Young Kim35
Estimated H-index: 35
(CAU: Chung-Ang University)
Abstract Silane-functionalized graphene oxides (sGOs) were fabricated with four different self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) to reinforce an epoxy adhesive, with the aim of improving the bonding strength of carbon/epoxy composites. The oxygen-containing groups on the surface of graphene oxide (GO) were converted by the SAMs to amine, epoxy, or alkyl groups. The successful reaction between the silane molecules of the SAMs and functional groups of GO was evidenced by the results of different charact...
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Composites Part A-applied Science and Manufacturing 6.28
Yoshihiko Arao8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Dodai: Doshisha University),
S. Yumitori2
Estimated H-index: 2
(New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization)
+ 3 AuthorsTsutao Katayama11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Dodai: Doshisha University)
Abstract Short-carbon-fiber/polypropylene composites (CF/PP composites) have high processability and recyclability but low strength. To improve the strength, various nanofillers were hybridized to form fiber-reinforced composites. Adding nanofillers improves not only the strength but also the elastic modulus, with the exception of clay nanofillers. To understand the strengthening mechanism resulting from the addition of nanofillers, the residual fiber length and interfacial shear strength were m...
Girdhar G. Agarwal13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Amar Patnaik23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
R Kumar Sharma1
Estimated H-index: 1
In this article, the three body abrasive wear behaviour of long and short carbon fibre reinforced epoxy composites at five different fibre loading (10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 wt-%) has been evaluated. Three body abrasive wear tests are conducted to notice the effect of loss in weight of the specimen. The loss in weight of the material during three body abrasion can be tested using DUCOM Tr-50 Dry Abrasion Tester. The steady state specific wear of the composites can be evaluated for normal load and sl...
Published on Mar 28, 2012in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8.46
Xiaoqing Zhang12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Xinyu Fan10
Estimated H-index: 10
+ 4 AuthorsLiping Yu2
Estimated H-index: 2
The performance of carbon fiber-reinforced composites is dependent to a great extent on the properties of fiber–matrix interface. To improve the interfacial properties in carbon fiber/epoxy composites, we directly introduced graphene oxide (GO) sheets dispersed in the fiber sizing onto the surface of individual carbon fibers. The applied graphite oxide, which could be exfoliated to single-layer GO sheets, was verified by atomic force microscope (AFM). The surface topography of modified carbon fi...
Cited By6
Newest
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Composites Science and Technology 6.31
Nitai Chandra Adak5
Estimated H-index: 5
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research),
Suman Chhetri7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
+ 4 AuthorsTapas Kuila19
Estimated H-index: 19
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
Abstract The microdelamination analysis is a critical issue in current failure analysis of delamination phenomenon in carbon fiber (CF) reinforced epoxy composites. Both, the improvement of delamination resistance of the CF/epoxy composites using filler materials and the microdelamination studies of these hybrid composites through nondestructive technique are great concern to the material researchers. Herein, 0.2 wt% graphene oxide (GO) nanofiller was incorporated in CF/epoxy composite to resist...
Published on Feb 20, 2019
Nitai Chandra Adak5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute),
Nitai Chandra Adak (Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute)+ 2 AuthorsTapas Kuila19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute)
CoFe2O4-reduced graphene oxide (CoFe2O4-rGO) composites were synthesized by one-pot solvothermal technique. Different amount of well-dispersed nanosized cubical grains of CoFe2O4-rGO were incorporated into the epoxy resin for the preparation of fluid composite samples. The magnetorheological properties of the prepared samples showed significant enhancement in yield strength as well as viscoelastic properties. The flow curves of the samples showed non-Newtonian behavior at lower strain rate (γ˙ <...
Published on Jan 26, 2019in Reviews in Chemical Engineering 4.20
Nur Bazilah Thalib , Siti Noor Hidayah Mustapha2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 1 AuthorsRohani Mustapha1
Estimated H-index: 1
The surge of knowledge among researchers pertaining to the excellent properties of graphene has led to the utilisation of graphene as a reinforced filler in polymer composites. Different methods of graphene preparation, either bottom-up or top-down methods, are important requirements of starting materials in producing reinforced properties in the composites. The starting graphene material produced is either further functionalised or directly used as a filler in thermoset polymer matrixes. An eff...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Composites Part B-engineering 6.86
Nitai Chandra Adak5
Estimated H-index: 5
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research),
Suman Chhetri7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
+ 3 AuthorsJoong Hee Lee37
Estimated H-index: 37
(CBNU: Chonbuk National University)
Abstract The synergistic effects of polyethyleneimine functionalized graphene oxide (PEI-FGO) on the static and dynamic mechanical properties of the carbon fibre reinforced epoxy composites were investigated in detail. The functional groups of PEI-FGO, especially the NH 2 , experienced strong molecular interaction with the epoxy resin, and increased the load carrying capacity of the matrix, and the corresponding overall mechanical strength of the composites. The tensile and flexural strength of ...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Composites Part B-engineering 6.86
Nitai Chandra Adak5
Estimated H-index: 5
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research),
Suman Chhetri7
Estimated H-index: 7
(CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
+ 3 AuthorsJoong Hee Lee37
Estimated H-index: 37
(CBNU: Chonbuk National University)
Abstract In this work, the hybridization effects of hydrazine reduced graphene oxide (rGO) on the inter-laminar shear strength (ILSS), impact strength, and in-plane fracture toughness of symmetric type carbon fiber/epoxy composite (CF/epoxy) laminates were investigated. The composite laminates were fabricated through the vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM) process. At 0.2 wt% of rGO loading, the CF/epoxy composites showed the best load carrying capacity among the developed laminates. ...
Published on Feb 27, 2018
Nitai Chandra Adak5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Suman Chhetri7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 2 AuthorsTapas Kuila19
Estimated H-index: 19
Thermally reduced graphene oxide (TRGO) was incorporated as a reinforcing filler in the epoxy resin to investigate the effect on the mechanical properties of carbon fiber (CF)/epoxy composites. At first, the epoxy matrix was modified by adding different wt % of TRGO from 0.05 to 0.4 wt % followed by the preparation of TRGO/CF/epoxy composites througha vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding process. The prepared TRGO was characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman Spectr...