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The Development of Latent Dimensions of Psychopathology across Early Childhood: Stability of Dimensions and Moderators of Change

Published on Oct 1, 2018in Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3.41
· DOI :10.1007/s10802-018-0398-6
Thomas M. Olino31
Estimated H-index: 31
(TU: Temple University),
Sara J. Bufferd16
Estimated H-index: 16
(CSUSM: California State University San Marcos)
+ 3 AuthorsDaniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
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Abstract
Recent research has described the structure of psychopathology as including one general and multiple specific factors, and this structure has been found in samples across development. However, little work has examined whether this structure is consistent across time, particularly in young children, within the same sample. Further, few studies have examined factors that influence the magnitude of the stability of latent dimensions of psychopathology. In the present study, we examine these issues in a community sample of 545 children assessed at ages 3 and 6. In addition, we explored child temperament, parental history of psychopathology, and parenting behaviors as potential moderators of the longitudinal stability of latent dimensions of psychopathology. We found that the same bifactor model structure identified at age 3 provided an adequate fit to the data at age 6. Further, our model revealed significant homotypic stability of the general, internalizing, and externalizing specific factors. We also found evidence of differentiation of psychopathology over time with the general factor at age 3 predicting the externalizing factor at age 6. However, we failed to identify moderators of the longitudinal associations between psychopathology latent factors. Overall, our results bolster support for the bifactor structure of psychopathology, particularly in early childhood.
  • References (70)
  • Citations (3)
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References70
Newest
Sara J. Bufferd16
Estimated H-index: 16
(CSUSM: California State University San Marcos),
Lea R. Dougherty23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
+ 3 AuthorsDaniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Up to 20% of preschool-age children meet criteria for anxiety disorders and, for a large subset, anxiety appears to persist throughout early childhood. However, little is known about which factors predict persistence/recurrence of anxiety in young children. Temperament, including behavioral inhibition (BI), negative emotionality (NE), and positive emotionality (PE), predict the onset of anxiety disorders, but to our knowledge no study has examined whether temperament predicts the course of anxie...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Child Psychiatry & Human Development 2.07
Sara J. Bufferd16
Estimated H-index: 16
(CSUSM: California State University San Marcos),
Lea R. Dougherty23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park),
Thomas M. Olino31
Estimated H-index: 31
(TU: Temple University)
Depressive emotions and behaviors, such as sadness, irritability, and sleep difficulties, are often early-emerging, impairing, and persistent. However, these behaviors are normative in early development, so it is critical to identify the spectrum of behaviors that may be relevant to the development of depression. This study characterizes the frequency and severity of depressive behaviors and impairment in preschool-aged children using a novel daily diary method with 291 parents. A coherent depre...
Published on Jul 24, 2017in Psychological Methods 8.19
Tobias Koch8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Jana Holtmann5
Estimated H-index: 5
(FU: Free University of Berlin)
+ 1 AuthorsMichael Eid38
Estimated H-index: 38
(FU: Free University of Berlin)
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Psychiatry Research-neuroimaging 2.21
Benjamin L. Hankin48
Estimated H-index: 48
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
Elyssia Poggi Davis12
Estimated H-index: 12
(DU: University of Denver)
+ 3 AuthorsCurt A. Sandman68
Estimated H-index: 68
(UCI: University of California, Irvine)
Abstract Common emotional and behavioral symptoms co-occur and are associated with core temperament factors. This study investigated links between temperament and dimensional, latent psychopathology factors, including a general common psychopathology factor (p factor) and specific latent internalizing and externalizing liabilities, as captured by a bifactor model, in two independent samples of youth. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that temperament factors of negative affectivity (NA), po...
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Journal of Abnormal Psychology 5.52
Roman Kotov36
Estimated H-index: 36
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Robert F. Krueger91
Estimated H-index: 91
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
+ 37 AuthorsLee Anna Clark68
Estimated H-index: 68
(ND: University of Notre Dame)
The reliability and validity of traditional taxonomies are limited by arbitrary boundaries between psychopathology and normality, often unclear boundaries between disorders, frequent disorder co-occurrence, heterogeneity within disorders, and diagnostic instability. These taxonomies went beyond evidence available on the structure of psychopathology and were shaped by a variety of other considerations, which may explain the aforementioned shortcomings. The Hierarchical Taxonomy Of Psychopathology...
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Comprehensive Psychiatry 2.59
Ashley L. Greene2
Estimated H-index: 2
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Nicholas R. Eaton25
Estimated H-index: 25
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Abstract Background Structural models of psychopathology indicate that common mental disorder comorbidity reflects latent transdiagnostic factors. Multiple studies have replicated transdiagnostic internalizing (mood and anxiety disorders) and externalizing (substance use, antisociality-, and impulsivity-related disorders) factors; other studies support distress and fear sub-factors of internalizing. These factors show a high degree of temporal stability. Recently, a bifactor conceptualization of...
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Psychological Bulletin 16.41
Benjamin B. Lahey95
Estimated H-index: 95
(U of C: University of Chicago),
Robert F. Krueger91
Estimated H-index: 91
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
+ 2 AuthorsDavid H. Zald55
Estimated H-index: 55
(Vandy: Vanderbilt University)
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Clinical psychological science
Thomas A. Widiger71
Estimated H-index: 71
(UK: University of Kentucky),
Joshua R. Oltmanns5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UK: University of Kentucky)
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Clinical psychological science
Wes Bonifay5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MU: University of Missouri),
Sean P. Lane11
Estimated H-index: 11
(MU: University of Missouri),
Steven P. Reise40
Estimated H-index: 40
(UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Clinical psychological science
Hannah R. Snyder15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Brandeis University),
Jami F. Young20
Estimated H-index: 20
(RU: Rutgers University),
Benjamin L. Hankin48
Estimated H-index: 48
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Dimensional models of psychopathology that posit a general psychopathology factor (i.e., p factor), in addition to specific internalizing and externalizing factors, have recently gained prominence. However, the stability of these factors and the specificity with which they are related to one another over time (e.g., homotypic or heterotypic continuity) have not been investigated. The current study addressed these questions. We estimated bifactor models, with p, internalizing-specific, and extern...
Cited By3
Newest
Published on Mar 18, 2019in Cognitive Therapy and Research 2.28
Hannah R. Snyder15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Brandeis University),
Naomi P. Friedman25
Estimated H-index: 25
(CU: University of Colorado Boulder),
Benjamin L. Hankin48
Estimated H-index: 48
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Executive function (EF) deficits have been proposed as transdiagnostic risk factors for psychopathology, and recent research suggests EF impairments are associated with what is shared across forms of psychopathology (p factor). However, most research has not employed methods that differentiate between EF components, and little is known about the mediating mechanisms linking EF and psychopathology dimensions. The current study tested associations between the latent unity/diversity model of EF and...
Allison Shields (NU: Northwestern University), Kathleen W. Reardon4
Estimated H-index: 4
(NU: Northwestern University)
+ -3 AuthorsJennifer L. Tackett28
Estimated H-index: 28
(NU: Northwestern University)
Abstract Lower levels of self-regulation have been implicated in multiple psychological disorders. Despite conceptual overlap (broadly reflecting self-regulatory functions), executive functions (EF) and effortful control (EC) are rarely jointly studied in relation to broadband psychopathology. The present study investigated associations of correlated factors (internalizing-externalizing) and bifactor psychopathology models with EF and EC in a large (N=895) childhood community sample (Mage = 11.5...
Published on May 1, 2019in Behaviour Research and Therapy 4.31
Miriam K. Forbes11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Ronald M. Rapee75
Estimated H-index: 75
,
Robert F. Krueger91
Estimated H-index: 91
Abstract This paper explores the concept that reducing general psychopathology early in the life course provides unprecedented opportunities to prevent the development of all forms of psychopathology later in life. We review empirical evidence for the existence of the general factor of psychopathology and theories regarding the psychological nature of the factor. We then highlight specific examples of environmental risk factors for general psychopathology and discuss translational implications f...
Marike H. F. Deutz5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UU: Utrecht University),
Sanne B. Geeraerts2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UU: Utrecht University)
+ -3 AuthorsPraveetha Patalay11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UCL: University College London)
The general factor of psychopathology (GP, or p factor) and the Dysregulation Profile (DP) are two conceptually similar, but independently developed approaches to understand psychopathology. GP and DP models and their stability, antecedents and outcomes are studied in a longitudinal sample of 1073 children (49.8% female). GP and DP models were estimated at ages 8 and 14 years using the parent-reported Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self Report (YSR). Early childhood antecedents and ad...
Published on May 1, 2019in Perspectives on Psychological Science 8.19
Christopher C. Conway12
Estimated H-index: 12
(W&M: College of William & Mary),
Miriam K. Forbes11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Macquarie University)
+ 38 AuthorsSusan C. South22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Purdue University)
For more than a century, research on psychopathology has focused on categorical diagnoses. Although this work has produced major discoveries, growing evidence points to the superiority of a dimensi...
Published on May 1, 2019in Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 6.13
Meghan Miller13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Ana-Maria Iosif22
Estimated H-index: 22
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
+ 4 AuthorsSally J Ozonoff66
Estimated H-index: 66
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)