Psychological health of doctoral candidates, study-related challenges and perceived performance

Published on Apr 16, 2018in Higher Education Research & Development 2.01
· DOI :10.1080/07294360.2018.1425979
Km Barry17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Tasmania),
M Woods5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Tasmania)
+ 2 AuthorsAngela Martin17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Tasmania)
Abstract
ABSTRACTPsychological distress is prevalent in doctoral degree training and affects students' completion time. It is crucial to monitor the amount of distress experienced and understand the causes for it to inform the type of support most needed. This mixed method study explored challenges related to candidature, self-reported progress and measures of perceived and actual psychological distress with a convenience sample of 81 doctoral candidates in an Australian university. Using validated survey instruments, participants reported higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress than age-matched general population normative data. Additionally, those who self-reported being behind or exceeding their study schedule had significantly higher scores for depression, anxiety and stress than those who reported they were meeting schedule. Conversely, stage of candidature did not affect any of these attribute scores. The responses to open-ended questions about challenges associated with doctoral study were coded and...
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  • Citations (3)
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References37
Published on Jan 1, 2006
Lyn Richards1
Estimated H-index: 1
Introduction Part I: Setting up Setting up Your Project Making Qualitative Data Data Records Part II: Working with the Data Up from the Data Coding Handling Ideas Part III: Making Sense of Your Data What Are You Aiming for? Searching the Data Seeing a Whole Telling It
1,372 Citations
Published on Aug 1, 2011in Teaching in Higher Education 1.32
Sara Cotterall2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Macquarie University)
Writing occupies a key role in doctoral research, because it is the principal channel students use to communicate their ideas, and the basis on which their degree is awarded. Doctoral writing can, therefore, be a source of considerable anxiety. Most doctoral candidates require support and encouragement if they are to develop confidence as writers. Drawing on interviews with two international doctoral students at an Australian university, this paper examines the writing practices the students hav...
35 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2007in Journal of Studies in International Education 2.25
Shelley Rose Adrian-Taylor1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Kimberly A. Noels1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Kurt Tischler1
Estimated H-index: 1
Recent research indicates that destructive conflict occurs in a significant number of international graduate student and faculty supervisor relationships. Unfortunately, a paucity of research exists to inform the effective management or prevention of this problem. To address this lacunae, international graduate students (n = 55) and faculty supervisors (n = 53) completed a survey that assessed their needs for managing and preventing destructive conflict with each other. Results indicate that 22%...
54 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2012in Accident Analysis & Prevention 2.58
Maureen F. Dollard38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of South Australia),
Michelle R. Tuckey20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of South Australia),
Christian Dormann26
Estimated H-index: 26
(University of South Australia)
Abstract Psychosocial safety climate (PSC) arises from workplace policies, practices, and procedures for the protection of worker psychological health and safety that are largely driven by management. Many work stress theories are based on the fundamental interaction hypothesis – that a high level of job demands (D) will lead to psychological distress and that this relationship will be offset when there are high job resources (R). However we proposed that this interaction really depends on the o...
42 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 1988in Journal of Affective Disorders 3.79
Peter Roy-Byrne70
Estimated H-index: 70
,
Robert M. Post110
Estimated H-index: 110
+ 2 AuthorsAnn S. Rosoff7
Estimated H-index: 7
Abstract The relationship between a history of attempted suicide and prior course of illness was explored in 87 patients with major affective disorder. Fifty-eight percent of bipolar ( n = 67) and 50% of unipolar ( n = 20) patients had a history of a suicide attempt. Females were more likely to have made an attempt (67%) than males (42%) and were equally likely to have made a violent attempt. Course of illness and prior history of psychosis were similar in patients with and without a history of ...
54 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 1999in Higher Education Research & Development 2.01
Margot Pearson10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Australian National University)
ABSTRACT Although there has been considerable institutional attention to quality management and improvement in Australian higher education, concerns about the quality of doctoral education persist. This paper argues that addressing these concerns will require a shift in perspective. The conventional view of doctoral education which assumes an on‐campus, full‐time student experience, with socialisation arising formally and informally through interaction with the supervisor(s) and other academics ...
94 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 1983in Journal of Health and Social Behavior 2.62
Sheldon Cohen88
Estimated H-index: 88
(Carnegie Mellon University),
Thomas W. Kamarck38
Estimated H-index: 38
,
Robin Mermelstein9
Estimated H-index: 9
This paper presents evidence from three samples, two of college students and one of participants in a community smoking-cessation program, for the reliability and validity of a 14-item instrument, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), designed to measure the degree to which situations in one's life are appraised as stressful. The PSS showed adequate reliability and, as predicted, was correlated with life-event scores, depressive and physical symptomatology, utilization of health services, social anx...
11.5k Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2006in Journal of College Student Development 0.95
Jenny K. Hyun2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Brian Quinn7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 1 AuthorsSteve Lustig2
Estimated H-index: 2
This study examined the mental health needs, knowledge, and utilization of counseling services among graduate students at a large university in the western United States. Almost half of graduate student respondents reported having had an emotional or stress-related problem over the past year, and over half reported knowing a colleague who had had an emotional or stressrelated problem over the past year. Self-reported mental health needs were significantly and negatively related to confidence abo...
131 Citations Source Cite
Fabio Alivernini8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Fabio Lucidi23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Sara Manganelli7
Estimated H-index: 7
This article uses a computer assisted mixed methods approach to investigate academic motivation in a large sample (N = 878) of young students. The purposes of the study were to explore the various aspects connected to motivation in primary and secondary school, using a mixed methodology (both inductive data-driven and deductive theory-driven) and to assess the findings by means of a powerful statistical inferential test. The results show that intrinsic motivation tends to decrease in the transit...
15 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 1997in Academic Medicine 4.80
Toews Ja2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Calgary),
Jocelyn Lockyer35
Estimated H-index: 35
+ 5 AuthorsCohen Gs1
Estimated H-index: 1
PURPOSE: To assess stress in medical students, residents, and graduate science students at four Canadian schools of medicine. METHOD: Four schools with different curricula in three different parts of Canada participated in the study: the University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine, the University of A
120 Citations Source Cite
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Cited By3
Published on Nov 2, 2018in Journal of American College Health 1.33
Km Barry17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Tasmania),
M Woods5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Tasmania)
+ 2 AuthorsE Warnecke4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Tasmania)
AbstractObjectives: To examine the impact of guided mindfulness practice on psychological distress and psychological capital (hope, optimism, resilience, and efficacy) in doctoral candidates. Participants: Recruitment of a convenience sample of doctoral candidates occurred in July 2015 and participants were randomly allocated to the control or intervention group (38 and 34 participants completed the trial, respectively). Methods: A single-blinded, randomized controlled trial with intention-to-tr...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 16, 2019in Higher Education Research & Development 2.01
Sylvia Anne Mackie (Swinburne University of Technology), Glen W. Bates16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Swinburne University of Technology)
ABSTRACTRecent research into the mental health of PhD candidates suggests that their high levels of stress could be caused in part or exacerbated by aspects of the doctoral education environment. However, the particulars of this environment have not been explored in consistent enough ways to provide a clear way forward for universities to respond to this issue. This article presents a systematic scoping review of the recent literature on this topic with the aims of collecting and consolidating t...
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Published on Jan 31, 2019in Journal of Further and Higher Education
Jonathan Cisco2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of the West of Scotland)
Impostor phenomenon (IP) refers to an overwhelming feeling of intellectual fraudulence and affects individuals across a number of fields. Academia provides an environment in which these feelings can flourish, particularly within postgraduate students. In spite of the research exploring these feelings, we know little about how to reduce them in academia. Clinical research has identified guiding principles to assist those affected, particularly through mentorship. This article describes a series o...
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