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Aspergillus fumigatus Infection-Induced Neutrophil Recruitment and Location in the Conducting Airway of Immunocompetent, Neutropenic, and Immunosuppressed Mice

Published on Jan 1, 2018in Clinical & Developmental Immunology
· DOI :10.1155/2018/5379085
Marina Shevchenko5
Estimated H-index: 5
(RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences),
Andrey O. Bogorodskiy4
Estimated H-index: 4
(MIPT: Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology)
+ 8 AuthorsAlexander M. Sapozhnikov10
Estimated H-index: 10
(RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)
Abstract
Susceptibility to fungal infection is commonly associated with impaired neutrophil responses. To study the mechanisms underlying this association, we investigated neutrophil recruitment to the conducting airway wall after Aspergillus fumigatus conidium inhalation in mouse models of drug-induced immunosuppression and antibody-mediated neutrophil depletion (neutropenia) by performing three-dimensional confocal laser-scanning microscopy of whole-mount primary bronchus specimens. Actin staining enabled visualization of the epithelial and smooth muscle layers that mark the airway wall. Gr-1
  • References (45)
  • Citations (1)
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References45
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Pericytes are perivascular PDGF receptor-β+ (PDGFRβ+) stromal cells required for vasculogenesis and maintenance of microvascular homeostasis in many organs. Because of their unique juxtaposition to microvascular endothelium, lung PDGFRβ+ cells are well situated to detect proinflammatory molecules released following epithelial injury and promote acute inflammatory responses. Thus we hypothesized that these cells represent an unrecognized immune surveillance or injury-sentinel interstitial cell. T...
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#1Roel P. Gazendam (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 12
#2Annemarie van de Geer (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 4
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Neutrophils play a critical role in the prevention of invasive fungal infections. Whereas mouse studies have demonstrated the role of various neutrophil pathogen recognition receptors (PRRs), signal transduction pathways, and cytotoxicity in the murine antifungal immune response, much less is known about the killing of fungi by human neutrophils. Recently, novel primary immunodeficiencies have been identified in patients with a susceptibility to fungal infections. These human 'knock-out' neutrop...
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AbstractBackground: Fungal sensitisation is an important factor in severe asthma, not only for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) but also the more recently described severe asthma with fungal sensitisation (SAFS). It is not known whether these diseases are driven by the presence of airway fungal colonisation. We aimed to determine if both SAFS and ABPA were associated with airway isolation of Aspergillus fumigatus and whether the frequency of isolation changed following anti-fungal ...
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Humans are continuously exposed to airborne spores of the saprophytic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. However, in healthy individuals pulmonary host defense mechanisms efficiently eliminate the fungus. In contrast, A. fumigatus causes devastating infections in immunocompromised patients. Host immune responses against A. fumigatus lung infections in immunocompromised conditions have remained largely elusive. Given the dynamic changes in immune cell subsets within tissues upon immunosuppressive ther...
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Neutrophils are polymorphonuclear leukocytes of the phagocytic system that act as first line of host defense against invading pathogens but are also important mediators of inflammation-induced injury. In contrast to other members of the innate immune system, neutrophils are classically considered a homogenous population of terminally differentiated cells with a well-defined and highly conserved function. Indeed, their short lifespan, the absent proliferative capacity, their limited ability to pr...
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Antibody-mediated depletion of neutrophils is commonly used to study neutropenia. However, the mechanisms by which antibodies deplete neutrophils have not been well defined. We noticed that mice deficient in complement and macrophages had blunted neutrophil depletion in response to anti-Ly6G monoclonal antibody (MAb) treatment. In vitro, exposure of murine neutrophils to anti-Ly6G MAb in the presence of plasma did not result in significant depletion of cells, either in the presence or absence of...
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Summary Concealing pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) is a principal strategy used by fungi to avoid immune recognition. Surface exposure of PAMPs during germination can leave the pathogen vulnerable. Accordingly, β-glucan surface exposure during Aspergillus fumigatus germination activates an Atg5 -dependent autophagy pathway termed LC3-associated phagocytosis (LAP), which promotes fungal killing. We found that LAP activation also requires the genetic, biochemical or biological (germ...
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People are constantly exposed to airborne fungal spores, including Aspergillus fumigatus conidia that can cause life-threatening conditions in immunocompromised patients or acute exacerbations in allergics. However, immunocompetent hosts do not exhibit mycoses or systemic inflammation, due to the sufficient but not excessive antifungal immune response that prevent fungal invasion. Intraepithelial dendritic cells (IE-DCs) of the conducting airway mucosa are located in the primary site of the inha...
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#1Jorge AmichH-Index: 13
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ABSTRACT Aspergillus fumigatus is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that can cause life-threatening invasive lung infections in immunodeficient patients. The cellular and molecular processes of infection during onset, establishment, and progression of A. fumigatus infections are highly complex and depend on both fungal attributes and the immune status of the host. Therefore, preclinical animal models are of paramount importance to investigate and gain better insight into the infection process. Ye...
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#1Jorge AmichH-Index: 13
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Aspergillus fumigatus is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that can cause life-threatening invasive lung infections in immunodeficient patients. The cellular and molecular processes of infection during onset, establishment and progression are highly complex and depend on both fungal attributes and the immune status of the host. Therefore, preclinical animal models are paramount to investigate and gain better insight into the infection process. Yet, despite their extensive use, commonly employed m...
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