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Perceptions of scientific research literature and strategies for reading papers depend on academic career stage

Published on Dec 28, 2017in PLOS ONE2.78
· DOI :10.1371/journal.pone.0189753
Katharine E. Hubbard7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Cambridge),
Sonja D. Dunbar1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Cambridge)
Abstract
Reading primary research literature is an essential skill for all scientists and students on science degree programmes, however little is known about how researchers at different career stages interact with and interpret scientific papers. To explore this, we conducted a survey of 260 undergraduate students and researchers in Biological Sciences at a research intensive UK university. Responses to Likert scale questions demonstrated increases in confidence and skill with reading the literature between individuals at each career stage, including between postdoctoral researchers and faculty academics. The survey indicated that individuals at different career stages valued different sections of scientific papers, and skill in reading the results section develops slowly over the course of an academic career. Inexperienced readers found the methods and results sections of research papers the most difficult to read, and undervalued the importance of the results section and critical interpretation of data. These data highlight a need for structured support with reading scientific literature at multiple career stages, and for senior academics to be aware that junior colleagues may prioritise their reading differently. We propose a model for the development of literature processing skills, and consider the need for training strategies to help inexperienced readers engage with primary literature, and therefore develop important skills that underpin scientific careers. We also encourage researchers to be mindful of language used when writing papers, and to be more inclusive of diverse audiences when disseminating their work.
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References32
Newest
#1Richard Lie (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 2
#2Christopher Abdullah (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 2
Last.Ella Tour (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 4
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#2Pavan Kadandale (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 12
Last.Mark Warschauer (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 52
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#2Martin Goedhart (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 10
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#1Mikaël De Clercq (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)H-Index: 3
#2Benoît Galand (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)H-Index: 15
Last.Mariane Frenay (UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)H-Index: 13
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#1Edwin van Lacum (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 4
#2Miriam Ossevoort (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 13
Last.Martin Goedhart (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 10
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Cited By2
Newest
#1C Sangavai (BDU: Bharathidasan University)
#2R Prathiviraj (BDU: Bharathidasan University)
Last.P Chellapandi (BDU: Bharathidasan University)
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#1Gwen Hughes (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 3
#2Benjamin J.O. White (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 1
Last.Daniel J. Wilkinson (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 17
view all 0 authors...
#1Joanne L. Stewart (Hope College)H-Index: 3
#2Anne K. Bentley (Lewis & Clark College)H-Index: 1
Last.Lori A. Watson (Earlham College)H-Index: 1
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