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Newest
Published on Jun 10, 2019in Perspectives on Psychological Science8.19
Bertram Gawronski45
Estimated H-index: 45
(University of Texas at Austin)
Skepticism about the explanatory value of implicit bias in understanding social discrimination has grown considerably. The current article argues that both the dominant narrative about implicit bia...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Trends in Cognitive Sciences16.17
David M. Amodio32
Estimated H-index: 32
(NYU: New York University)
For 40 years, research on impression formation and attitudes has relied on dual-process theories that represent knowledge in a single associative network. Although such models explain priming effects and some implicit responses, they are generally silent on other forms of learning and on the interface of social cognition with perception and action. Meanwhile, advances in cognitive neuroscience reveal multiple, interacting forms of learning and memory (e.g., semantic associative memory, Pavlovian...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Social Psychological and Personality Science3.60
Jordan Axt9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UVA: University of Virginia)
Direct assessments of explicit racial attitudes, such as reporting an overt preference for White versus Black people, may raise social desirability concerns and reduce measurement quality. As a result, researchers have developed more indirect self-report measures of explicit racial attitudes. While such measures dampen social desirability concerns, they may weaken measurement quality by assessing construct-irrelevant attitudes, thereby lowering correspondence between measure and construct. To in...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Group Processes & Intergroup Relations2.64
Christopher K. Marshburn3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte),
Eric D. Knowles20
Estimated H-index: 20
Discussing racial issues often makes Whites anxious, particularly when their conversation partners are Black. We theorized that Whites seek to avoid anxiety by suppressing thoughts of White identity prior to such interactions. In Study 1, White participants expected to discuss a race-related or nonracial topic with a Black or White partner. An Implicit Association Test (IAT) measured subsequent changes in the activation of participants’ White identities (i.e., self–White associations). The prosp...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Group Processes & Intergroup Relations2.64
India R. Johnson3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Elon University),
Brandon M. Kopp2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Bureau of Labor Statistics),
Richard E. Petty93
Estimated H-index: 93
(OSU: Ohio State University)
The present research compared the effectiveness of meaningful negation—“That’s wrong”—and simple negation—“No”—to alter automatic prejudice. Participants were trained to negate prejudice-consistent or prejudice-inconsistent information, using either simple or meaningful negation, and completed an evaluative priming measure of racial prejudice before and after training. No significant changes in automatic prejudice in the simple negation conditions emerged. In contrast, those trained to negate pr...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Nature Human Behaviour
Daniel J. Benjamin27
Estimated H-index: 27
(SC: University of Southern California),
James O. Berger63
Estimated H-index: 63
(Duke University)
+ 69 AuthorsColin F. Camerer99
Estimated H-index: 99
(California Institute of Technology)
We propose to change the default P-value threshold for statistical significance from 0.05 to 0.005 for claims of new discoveries.
Published on Oct 2, 2017in Psychological Inquiry10.27
B. Keith Payne30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill),
Heidi A. Vuletich1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill),
Kristjen B. Lundberg4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UR: University of Richmond)
ABSTRACTAs public awareness of implicit bias has grown in recent years, studies have raised important new questions about the nature of implicit bias effects. First, implicit biases are widespread and robust on average, yet are unstable across a few weeks. Second, young children display implicit biases indistinguishable from those of adults, which suggests to many that implicit biases are learned early. Yet, if implicit biases are unstable over weeks, how can they be stable for decades? Third, m...
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Journal of Experimental Social Psychology3.29
Patrick S. Forscher6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison),
Chelsea Mitamura2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
+ 2 AuthorsPatricia G. Devine39
Estimated H-index: 39
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Abstract The prejudice habit-breaking intervention (Devine, Forscher, Austin, & Cox, 2012) and its offshoots (e.g., Carnes et al., 2015) have shown promise in effecting long-term change in key outcomes related to intergroup bias, including increases in awareness, concern about discrimination, and, in one study, long-term decreases in implicit bias. This intervention is based on the premise that unintentional bias is like a habit that can be broken with sufficient motivation, awareness, and effor...
Published on May 1, 2017in Perspectives on Psychological Science8.19
Dale T. Miller54
Estimated H-index: 54
(Stanford University),
Jennifer E. Dannals3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Stanford University),
Julian J. Zlatev3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Stanford University)
We argue that psychologists who conduct experiments with long lags between the manipulation and the outcome measure should pay more attention to behavioral processes that intervene between the manipulation and the outcome measure. Neglect of such processes, we contend, stems from psychology’s long tradition of short-lag lab experiments where there is little scope for intervening behavioral processes. Studying process in the lab invariably involves studying psychological processes, but in long-la...
Cited By6
Newest
Published on Jan 8, 2019in BMC Medical Education1.87
Stephane M. Shepherd9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Swinburne University of Technology)
Cultural awareness training for health professionals is now commonplace across a variety of sectors. Its popularity has spawned several alternatives (i.e., cultural competence, cultural safety, cultural humility, cultural intelligence) and overlapping derivatives (diversity training, anti-racism training, micro-aggression training). The ever-increasing reach of cultural awareness initiatives in health settings has generally been well intentioned - to improve cross-cultural clinical encounters an...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in BMC Psychology
Chloé Nathalie Sarah Fitzgerald2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Geneva),
Angela Martin (University of Fribourg)+ 1 AuthorsSamia Hurst22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Geneva)
Background Implicit biases are present in the general population and among professionals in various domains, where they can lead to discrimination. Many interventions are used to reduce implicit bias. However, uncertainties remain as to their effectiveness.
Published on Aug 28, 2019in Sociological Forum1.78
Musa al-Gharbi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Columbia University)
Published on Apr 22, 2019in JAMA Neurology12.32
Megan B. Richie5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)
Published on May 15, 2019in PLOS ONE2.78
David A. M. Peterson12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Iowa State University),
Lori A. Biederman11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Iowa State University)
+ 2 AuthorsKevin J. Roe13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Iowa State University)
Student evaluations of teaching are widely believed to contain gender bias. In this study, we conduct a randomized experiment with the student evaluations of teaching in four classes with large enrollments, two taught by male instructors and two taught by female instructors. In each of the courses, students were randomly assigned to either receive the standard evaluation instrument or the same instrument with language intended to reduce gender bias. Students in the anti-bias language condition h...
Published on Feb 12, 2019in Synthese1.26
Nick Byrd (FSU: Florida State University)
The received view of implicit bias holds that it is associative and unreflective. Recently, the received view has been challenged. Some argue that implicit bias is not predicated on “any” associative process, but it is unreflective. These arguments rely, in part, on debiasing experiments. They proceed as follows. If implicit bias is associative and unreflective, then certain experimental manipulations cannot change implicitly biased behavior. However, these manipulations can change such behavior...
Published on Feb 1, 2019in The Lancet59.10
Jamie Lundine1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Lond: University of London),
Ivy Lynn Bourgeault25
Estimated H-index: 25
(U of O: University of Ottawa)
+ 2 AuthorsDina Balabanova26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Lond: University of London)
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Journal of Experimental Social Psychology3.29
Patrick S. Forscher6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison),
Chelsea Mitamura2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
+ 2 AuthorsPatricia G. Devine39
Estimated H-index: 39
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Abstract The prejudice habit-breaking intervention (Devine, Forscher, Austin, & Cox, 2012) and its offshoots (e.g., Carnes et al., 2015) have shown promise in effecting long-term change in key outcomes related to intergroup bias, including increases in awareness, concern about discrimination, and, in one study, long-term decreases in implicit bias. This intervention is based on the premise that unintentional bias is like a habit that can be broken with sufficient motivation, awareness, and effor...