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Racial Discrimination and Low Household Education Predict Higher Body Mass Index in African American Youth

Published on Dec 6, 2017in Childhood obesity2.426
· DOI :10.1089/chi.2017.0218
Devin S. Nelson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UM: University of Michigan),
Julia M. Gerras1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UM: University of Michigan)
+ 5 AuthorsRebecca E. Hasson11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UM: University of Michigan)
Abstract
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between environmental factors, including household education, community violence exposure, racial discrimination, and cultural identity, and BMI in African American adolescents. Methods: A community-based sample of 198 African American youth (120 girls, 78 boys; ages 11–19 years) from Washtenaw County, Michigan, were included in this analysis. Violence exposure was assessed by using the Survey of Children's Exposure to Community Violence; racial discrimination by using the Adolescent Discrimination Distress Index; cultural identity by using the Acculturation, Habits, and Interests Multicultural Scale for Adolescents; and household education by using a seven-category variable. Measured height and body weight were used to calculate BMI. Results: Racial discrimination was positively associated with BMI, whereas household education was inversely associated with BMI in African American adolescents (discrimination: β = 0.11 ± 0.04, p...
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