Organizationally Intractable Decision Problems and the Intellectual Virtues of Heuristics

Published on Nov 1, 2017in Journal of Management9.06
· DOI :10.1177/0149206316679253
Richard A. Bettis29
Estimated H-index: 29
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
There is no theory in strategic management and other related fields for identifying decision problems that cannot be solved by organizations using rational analytical technologies of the type typically taught in MBA programs. Furthermore, some and perhaps many scholars in strategic management believe that the alternative of heuristics or “rules of thumb” is little more than crude guesses for decision making when compared to rational analytical technologies. This is reflected in a paucity of research in strategic management on heuristics. I propose a theory of “organizational intractability” based roughly on the metaphor provided by “computational intractability” in computer science. I demonstrate organizational intractability for a common model of the joint strategic planning and resource allocation decision problem. This raises the possibility that heuristics are necessary for deciding many important decisions that are intractable for organizations. This possibility parallels the extensive use of heurist...
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